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Saturday - December 15, 2018

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [tax]

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tax

TAX, n. [L. taxo, to tax.]

1. A rate or sum of money assessed on the person or property of a citizen by government, for the use of the nation or state. Taxes, in free governments, are usually laid upon the property of citizens according to their income, or the value of their estates. Tax is a term of general import, including almost every species of imposition on persons or property for supplying the public treasury, as tolls, tribute, subsidy, excise, impost, or customs. But more generally, tax is limited to the sum laid upon polls, lands, houses, horses, cattle, professions and occupations. So we speak of a land tax, a window tax, a tax on carriages, &c. Taxes are annual or perpetual.

2. A sum imposed on the persons and property of citizens to defray the expenses of a corporation, society, parish or company; as a city tax, a county tax, a parish tax, and the like. So a private association may lay a tax on its members for the use of the association.

3. That which is imposed; a burden. The attention that he gives to public business is a heavy tax on his time.

4. Charge; censure.

5. Task.

TAX, v.t. [L. taxo.]

1. To law, impose or assess upon citizens a certain sum of money or amount of property, to be paid to the public treasury, or to the treasury of a corporation or company, to defray the expenses of the government or corporation, &c.

We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride and folly, than we are taxed by government.

2. To load with a burden or burdens.

The narrator--never taxes our faith beyond the obvious bounds of probability.

3. To assess, fix or determine judicially, as the amount of cost on actions in court; as, the court taxes bills of cost.

4. To charge; to censure; to accuse; usually followed by with; as, to tax a man with pride. He was taxed with presumption.

Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes.

[To tax of a crime, is not in use, nor to tax for. Both are now improper.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [tax]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

TAX, n. [L. taxo, to tax.]

1. A rate or sum of money assessed on the person or property of a citizen by government, for the use of the nation or state. Taxes, in free governments, are usually laid upon the property of citizens according to their income, or the value of their estates. Tax is a term of general import, including almost every species of imposition on persons or property for supplying the public treasury, as tolls, tribute, subsidy, excise, impost, or customs. But more generally, tax is limited to the sum laid upon polls, lands, houses, horses, cattle, professions and occupations. So we speak of a land tax, a window tax, a tax on carriages, &c. Taxes are annual or perpetual.

2. A sum imposed on the persons and property of citizens to defray the expenses of a corporation, society, parish or company; as a city tax, a county tax, a parish tax, and the like. So a private association may lay a tax on its members for the use of the association.

3. That which is imposed; a burden. The attention that he gives to public business is a heavy tax on his time.

4. Charge; censure.

5. Task.

TAX, v.t. [L. taxo.]

1. To law, impose or assess upon citizens a certain sum of money or amount of property, to be paid to the public treasury, or to the treasury of a corporation or company, to defray the expenses of the government or corporation, &c.

We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride and folly, than we are taxed by government.

2. To load with a burden or burdens.

The narrator--never taxes our faith beyond the obvious bounds of probability.

3. To assess, fix or determine judicially, as the amount of cost on actions in court; as, the court taxes bills of cost.

4. To charge; to censure; to accuse; usually followed by with; as, to tax a man with pride. He was taxed with presumption.

Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes.

[To tax of a crime, is not in use, nor to tax for. Both are now improper.]

TAX, n. [Fr. taxe; Sp. tasa; It. tassa; from L. taxo, to tax. If from the Gr. ταξις, τασσω, the root was tago, the sense of which was to set, to thrust on. But this is doubtful. It may be allied to task.]

  1. A rate or sum of money assessed on the person or property of a citizen by government, for the use of the nation or state. Taxes, in free governments, are usually laid upon the property of citizens according to their income, or the value of their estates. Tax is a term of general import, including almost every species of imposition on persons or property for supplying the public treasury, as tolls, tribute, subsidy, excise, impost, or customs. But more generally, tax is limited to the sum laid upon polls, lands, houses, horses, cattle, professions and occupations. So we speak of a land tax, a window tax, a tax on carriages, &c. Taxes are annual or perpetual.
  2. A sum imposed on the persons and property of citizens to defray the expenses of a corporation, society, parish or company; as, a city tax, a county tax, a parish tax, and the like. So a private association may lay a tax on its members for the use of the association.
  3. That which is imposed; a burden. The attention that he gives to public business is a heavy tax on his time.
  4. Charge; censure. Clarendon.
  5. Task.

TAX, v.t. [L. taxo; Fr. taxer; It. tassare.]

  1. To lay, impose or assess upon citizens a certain sum of money or amount of property, to be paid to the public treasury, or to the treasury of a corporation or company, to defray the expenses of the government or corporation, &c. We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride and folly, than we are taxed by government. Franklin.
  2. To load with a burden or burdens. The narrator – never taxes our faith beyond the obvious bounds of probability. J. Sparks.
  3. To assess, fix or determine judicially, as the amount of cost on actions in court; as, the court taxes bills of cost.
  4. To charge; to censure; to accuse; usually followed by with; as, to tax a man with pride. He was taxed with presumption. Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes. Dryden. [To tax of a crime, is not in use, nor to tax for. Both are now improper.]

Tax
  1. A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority.

    Specifically: --

    (a)

  2. To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes] to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of government.

    We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride, and folly than we are taxed by government. Franklin.

  3. A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
  4. To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of; as, to tax the cost of an action in court.
  5. A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge; as, a heavy tax on time or health.
  6. To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; -- often followed by with, rarely by of before an indirect object; as, to tax a man with pride.

    I tax you, you elements, with unkindness. Shak.

    Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes. Dryden.

    Fear not now that men should tax thine honor. M. Arnold.

  7. Charge; censure.

    [Obs.] Clarendon.
  8. A lesson to be learned; a task.

    [Obs.] Johnson.

    Tax cart, a spring cart subject to a low tax. [Eng.]

    Syn. -- Impost; tribute; contribution; duty; toll; rate; assessment; exaction; custom; demand.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Tax

TAX, noun [Latin taxo, to tax ]

1. A rate or sum of money assessed on the person or property of a citizen by government, for the use of the nation or state. Taxes, in free governments, are usually laid upon the property of citizens according to their income, or the value of their estates. tax is a term of general import, including almost every species of imposition on persons or property for supplying the public treasury, as tolls, tribute, subsidy, excise, impost, or customs. But more generally, tax is limited to the sum laid upon polls, lands, houses, horses, cattle, professions and occupations. So we speak of a land tax a window tax a tax on carriages, etc. Taxes are annual or perpetual.

2. A sum imposed on the persons and property of citizens to defray the expenses of a corporation, society, parish or company; as a city tax a county tax a parish tax and the like. So a private association may lay a tax on its members for the use of the association.

3. That which is imposed; a burden. The attention that he gives to public business is a heavy tax on his time.

4. Charge; censure.

5. Task.

TAX, verb transitive [Latin taxo.]

1. To law, impose or assess upon citizens a certain sum of money or amount of property, to be paid to the public treasury, or to the treasury of a corporation or company, to defray the expenses of the government or corporation, etc.

We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride and folly, than we are taxed by government.

2. To load with a burden or burdens.

The narrator--never taxes our faith beyond the obvious bounds of probability.

3. To assess, fix or determine judicially, as the amount of cost on actions in court; as, the court taxes bills of cost.

4. To charge; to censure; to accuse; usually followed by with; as, to tax a man with pride. He was taxed with presumption.

Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes.

[To tax of a crime, is not in use, nor to tax for. Both are now improper.]

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I teach theology, Christian living, America's Christian History to adults and children.

— Anne (Northport, WA)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

matter

MAT'TER, n. [L. materia; Heb. to measure; L. metior.]

1. Substance excreted from living animal bodies; that which is thrown our of discharged in a tumor,boil or abscess; pus; purulent substance collected in an abscess, the effect of suppuration more or less perfect; as digested matter; sanious matter.

2. Body; substance extended; that which is visible or tangible; as earth, wood, stone, air, vapor, water.

3. In a more general and philosophic sense, the substance of which all bodies are composed; the substratum of sensible qualities, though the parts composing the substratum may not be visible or tangible.

Matter is usually divided by philosophical writers into four kinds or classes; solid, liquid; aeriform, and imponderable. Solid substances are those whose parts firmly cohere and resist impression, as wood or stone; liquids have free motion among their parts, and easily yield to impression, as water and wine. Aeriform substances are elastic fluids, called vapors and gases, as air and oxygen gas. The imponderable substances are destitute of weight, as light, caloric, electricity, and magnetism.

4. Subject; thing treated; that about which we write or speak; that which employs thought or excites emotion; as, this is matter of praise, of gratitude, or of astonishment.

Son of God, Savior of men, thy name

Shall be the copious matter of my song.

5. The very thing supposed or intended.

He grants the deluge to have come so very near the matter, that few escaped.

6. Affair; business; event; thing; course of things. Matters have succeeded well thus far; observe how matters stand; thus the matter rests at present; thus the matter ended.

To help the matter,the alchimists call in many vanities from astrology.

Some young female seems to have carried matters so far, that she is ripe for asking advice.

7. Cause of any event, as of any disturbance, of a disease, or of a difficulty. When a moving machine stops suddenly, we ask, what is the matter? When a person is ill, we ask, what is the matter? When a tumult or quarrel takes place, we ask, what is the matter?

8. Subject of complaint; suit; demand.

If the matter should be tried by duel between two champions--

Every great matter they shall bring to thee, but every small matter they shall judge-- Ex.18.

9. Import; consequence; importance; moment.

A prophet some, and some a poet cry,

No matter which, so neither of them lie.

10. Space of time; a portion of distance.

I have thoughts to tarry a small matter.

Away he goes, a matter of seven miles--

[In these last senses,the use of matter is now vulgar.]

Upon the matter, considering the whole; taking all things into view. This phrase is now obsolete; but in lieu of it, we sometimes use, upon the whole matter.

Waller, with Sir William Balfour, exceeded in horse, but were, upon the whole matter, equal in foot.

Matter of record, that which is recorded, or which may be proved by record.

MAT'TER, v.i. To be of importance; to import; used with it, this, that, or what. This matters not; that matters not; chiefly used in negative phrases; as, what matters it?

It matters not how they are called, so we know who they are.

1. To maturate; to form pus; to collect, as matter in an abscess.

Each slight sore mattereth. [Little used.]

[We now use maturate.]

MAT'TER, v.t. To regard. [Not used.]

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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