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Wednesday - December 7, 2016

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
- Preface

1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z   <3

Search, browse, and study this dictionary to learn more about the early American, Christian language.

1828.mshaffer.comBROWSING [J]

Please click on the word of the partial definition to see the complete definition

ID Word Definition

31200

j
J. This letter has been added to the English Alphabet in modern days; the letter I being written ...

31201

jabber
JAB'BER, v.i. To talk rapidly or indistinctly; to chatter; to prate.JAB'BER, n. Rapid talk with ...

31202

jabberer
JAB'BERER, n. One that talks rapidly, indistinctly or unintelligibly.

31203

jabbering
JAB'BERING, ppr. Prating; talking rapidly and confusedly.

31204

jabberment
JAB'BERMENT, n. Idle prate.

31205

jabiru
JAB'IRU, n. An aquatic fowl of the crane kind.The Jabiru is the Mycteria Americana. It resembles ...

31206

jacamar
JAC'AMAR, n. A kind of fowls arranged by Linne under the genus Alcedo; but their toes are ...

31207

jacent
JA'CENT, a. [L. jacens,jaceo, to lie.] Lying at length.

31208

jacinth
JA'CINTH, n. [a different orthography of Hyacinth.]1. A genus of plants. [See Hyacinth.]2. A ...

31209

jack
JACK, n.1. A nickname or diminutive of John, used as a general term of contempt for any saucy of ...

31210

jackal
JACK'AL, n. An animal of the genus Canis, resembling a dog and a fox; a native of Asia and Africa. ...

31211

jackalent
JACK'ALENT, n. [Jack in lent, a poor starved fellow.]A simple sheepish fellow.

31212

jackanapes
JACK'ANAPES, n. [jack and ape.] A monkey, an ape.1. A coxcomb; an impertinent fellow. A young ...

31213

jackass
JACK'ASS, n. The male of the ass.

31214

jackboots
JACK'BOOTS, n. Boots that serve as armor for the legs.

31215

jackdaw
JACK'DAW, n. [jack and daw.] A fowl of the genus Corvus,thievish and mischievous to the farmer.

31216

jacket
JACK'ET, n. A short close garment worn by males, extending downwards to the hips; a short coat.

31217

jacketed
JACK'ETED, a. Wearing a jacket.

31218

jackflag
JACK'FLAG, n. A flag hoisted at the sprit-sail top-mast-head.

31219

jackpudding
JACK'PUDDING, n. [jack and pudding.] A merry Andrew; a buffoon; a zany.

31220

jacksmith
JACK'SMITH, n. A smith who makes jacks for the chimney.

31221

jacobin
JAC'OBIN, n. [So named from the place of meeting, which was the monastery of the monks called ...

31222

jacobine
JAC'OBINE, n. A monk of the order of Dominicans.1. A pigeon with a high tuft.

31223

jacobinic
JACOBIN'IC

31224

jacobinical
JACOBIN'ICAL, a. Resembling the Jacobins of France; turbulent; discontented with government; ...

31225

jacobinism
JAC'OBINISM, n. Jacobinic principles; unreasonable or violent opposition to legitimate government; ...

31226

jacobinize
JAC'OBINIZE, v.t. To taint with Jacobinism.

31227

jacobite
JAC'OBITE, n. [from Jacobus, James.] A partizan or adherent of James II, king of England, after he ...

31228

jacobitism
JAC'OBITISM, n. The principles of the partizans of James II.

31229

jacobs-ladder
JACOB'S-LADDER, n. A plant of the genus Polemonium.

31230

jacobs-staff
JACOB'S-ST`AFF, n. A pilgrim's staff.1. A staff concealing a dagger.2. A cross staff; a kind of ...

31231

jacobus
JAC'OBUS, n. [Jacobus, James.] A gold coin, value twenty-five shillings sterling, struck in the ...

31232

jaconet
JACONET', n. A kind of coarse muslin.

31233

jactancy
JAC'TANCY, n. [L. jactantia.] A boasting. [Not used.]

31234

jactitation
JAC'TITATION, n. [L. jactito,jacto. It ought rather to be jactation, L. jactatio.]1. A tossing ...

31235

jaculate
JAC'ULATE, v.t. [L. jaculor.] To dart.

31236

jaculation
JACULA'TION, n. The action of darting, throwing or lanching, as missive weapons.

31237

jaculator
JAC'ULATOR, n. The shooting fish, a species of Chaetodon.

31238

jaculatory
JAC'ULATORY, a. Darting or throwing out suddenly, or suddenly thrown out; uttered in short ...

31239

jade
JADE, n. 1. A mean or poor horse; a tired horse; a worthless nag. Tired as a jade in overloaden ...

31240

jaded
JA'DED, pp. Tired; wearied; fatigued; harassed.

31241

jadery
JA'DERY, n. The tricks of a jade.

31242

jading
JA'DING, ppr. Tiring; wearying; harassing.

31243

jadish
JA'DISH, a. Vitious; bad, like a jade.1. Unchaste.

31244

jag
JAG, n. A small load.

31245

jagg
JAGG, v.t. To notch; to cut into notches or teeth like those of a saw.

31246

jagged
JAG'GED, pp. Notched; uneven.1. Having notches or teeth; cleft; divided; laciniate; as jagged ...

31247

jaggedness
JAG'GEDNESS, n. The state of being denticulated; unevenness.

31248

jagging
JAG'GING, ppr. Notching; cutting into teeth; dividing.

31249

jaggy
JAG'GY, a. Set with teeth; denticulated; uneven.

31250

jaguar
JAGUAR', n. The American tiger, or once of Brasil, belonging to the genus Felis.

31251

jah
JAH, n. Jehovah.

31252

jail
JAIL, n. A prison; a building or place for the confinement of persons arrested for debt or for ...

31253

jailbird
JA'ILBIRD, n. A prisoner; one who has been confined in prison.

31254

jailer
JA'ILER, n. The keeper of a prison.

31255

jailfever
JA'ILFEVER, n. A contagious and fatal fever generated in jails and other places crowded with ...

31256

jakes
JAKES, n. [L. jacio, to throw.] A house of office or back-house; a privy.

31257

jalap
JAL'AP, n. The root of a plant, a species of Convolvulus. It is brought in thin transverse slices, ...

31258

jam
JAM, n. A conserve of fruits boiled with sugar and water.1. A kind of frock for children.JAM, ...

31259

jamb
JAMB, n. Among the lead miners of Mendip, a thick bed of stone which hinders them when pursuing ...

31260

jambee
JAMBEE', n. A name formerly given to a fashionable cane.

31261

jambeux
JAM'BEUX, n. [supra.] Armor for the legs.

31262

jane
JANE, n. A coin of Genoa.1. A kind of fustian.

31263

jangle
JAN'GLE, v.i. To quarrel in words; to altercate; to bicker; to wrangle.JAN'GLE, v.t. To cause to ...

31264

jangler
JAN'GLER, n. A wrangling, noisy fellow.

31265

jangling
JAN'GLING, ppr. Wrangling; quarreling; sounding discordantly.JAN'GLING, n. A noisy dispute; a ...

31266

janitor
JAN'ITOR, n. [L.] A door-keeper; a porter.

31267

janizarian
JANIZA'RIAN, n. Pertaining to the Janizaries, or their government.

31268

janizary
JAN'IZARY, n. A soldier of the Turkish foot guards. The Janizaries were a body of infantry, and ...

31269

jannock
JAN'NOCK, n. Oat-bread. [Local.]

31270

jansenism
JAN'SENISM, n. The doctrine of Jansen in regard to free will and grace.

31271

jansenist
JAN'SENIST, n. A follower of Jansen, bishop of Ypres, in Flanders.

31272

jant
J`ANT, v.i. To ramble here and there; to make an excursion.J`ANT, n. An excursion; a ramble; a ...

31273

jantily
J`ANTILY, adv. [from janty.] Briskly; airily; gayly.

31274

jantiness
J`ANTINESS, n. Airiness; flutter; briskness.

31275

janty
J`ANTY, a. Airy, showy; fluttering; finical.

31276

january
JAN'UARY. n. [L. januarius; L. geno, to beget, Eng. to begin.]The first month of the year, ...

31277

japan
JAPAN', n. [from the country in Asia, so called.]This name is given to work varnished and figured ...

31278

japan-earth
JAPAN-EARTH, n. Catechu, a combination of gummy and resinous matter, obtained from the juice of a ...

31279

japanese
JAPANE'SE, a. Pertaining to Japan or its inhabitants.JAPANE'SE, n. A native of Japan; or the ...

31280

japanned
JAPAN'NED, pp. Varnished in a particular manner.

31281

japanner
JAPAN'NER, n. One who varnishes in the manner of the Japanese, or one skilled in the art.1. A ...

31282

japanning
JAPAN'NING, ppr. Varnishing in the manner of the Japanese; giving a glossy black ...

31283

jape
JAPE, v.i. To jest.JAPE, v.t. To cheat.JAPE, n. A jest; a trick.

31284

japer
JA'PER, n. A jester.

31285

japhetic
JAPHET'IC, a. Pertaining to Japheth, the eldest son of Noah; as the Japhetic nations, which people ...

31286

japu
JAP'U, n. A bird of Brazil that suspends its nest.

31287

jar
J`AR, v.i. To strike together with a short rattle or tremulous sound; to strike untunably or ...

31288

jararaca
JARARACA, n. A species of serpent in America, seldom exceeding 18 inches in length,having ...

31289

jarble
J`ARBLE

31290

jardes
JARDES, n. Callous tumors on the legs of a horse, below the bend of the ham on the outside.

31291

jargle
J`ARGLE, v.i. To emit a harsh or shrill sound. [Not in use.]

31292

jargon
J`ARGON, n.1. Confused, unintelligible talk or language; gabble; gibberish; cant. All jargon of ...

31293

jargonelle
JARGONELLE, n. jargonel'. A species of pear.

31294

jargonic
JARGON'IC, a. Pertaining to the mineral jargon.

31295

jarred
J`ARRED, pp. [from jar.] Shaken.

31296

jarring
J`ARRING, ppr. Shaking; making a harsh sound; discordant.J`ARRING, n. A shaking; discord; ...

31297

jashawk
JAS'HAWK, n. A young hawk.

31298

jasmin
JAS'MIN

31299

jasmine
JAS'MINE, n. [It is sometimes written in English jessamine.]A plant of the genus Jasminum, bearing ...

31300

jaspachate
JAS'PACHATE, n. A name anciently given to some varieties of agate jasper.

31301

jasper
J`ASPER, n. [L. iaspis.] A mineral of the siliceous kind, and of several varieties. It is less ...

31302

jasperated
J`ASPERATED, a. Mixed with jasper; containing particles of jasper; as a jasperated agate.

31303

jaspidean
JASPIDE'AN, a. Like jasper; consisting of jasper, or partaking of jasper.

31304

jasponyx
J`ASPONYX, n. The purest horn-colored onyx, with beautiful green zones, composed of genuine matter ...

31305

jaunce
JAUNCE, v.i. To bustle; to jaunt.

31306

jaundice
JAUNDICE, n. j`andis. A disease which is characterized by a suffusion of bile over the coats of ...

31307

jaundiced
JAUNDICED, a. j`andised. Affected with the jaundice; suffused with a yellow color; as a jaundiced ...

31308

jaunt
JAUNT. [See Jant.]

31309

javel
JAV'EL, v.t. To bemire. [Not in use.]

31310

javelin
JAV'ELIN, , n. A sort of spear about five feet and a half long, the shaft of which was of wood, ...

31311

jaw
JAW, n.1. The bones of the mouth in which the teeth are fixed. They resemble a horse shoe. In ...

31312

jawed
JAW'ED, a. Denoting the appearance of the jaws.

31313

jawfall
JAW'FALL, n. [jaw and fall.] Depression of the jaw; figuratively, depression of spirits.

31314

jawfallen
JAW'FALLEN, a. Depressed in spirits; dejected.

31315

jawn
JAWN, v.i. To yawn. [Not in use. See Yawn.]

31316

jawy
JAW'Y, a. Relating to the jaws.

31317

jay
JAY, n. A bird, the Corvus glandarius.

31318

jayet
JAYET. [See Jet.]

31319

jazel
JA'ZEL, n. A gem of an azure blue color.

31320

jealous
JEALOUS, a. jel'us.1. Suspicious; apprehensive of rivalship; uneasy through fear that another has ...

31321

jealously
JEALOUSLY, adv. jel'usly. With jealousy or suspicion; emulously; with suspicious fear, vigilance ...

31322

jealousness
JEALOUSNESS, n. jel'usness. The state of being jealous; suspicion; suspicious vigilance.

31323

jealousy
JEALOUSY, n. jel'usy.1. That passion of peculiar uneasiness which arises from the fear that a ...

31324

jears
JEARS, n. In sea-language, an assemblage of tackles by which the lower yards of a ship are hoisted ...

31325

jeat
JEAT, n. A fossil of a fine black color. [See Jet.]

31326

jee
JEE. A word used by teamsters, directing their teams to pass further to the right, or from the ...

31327

jeer
JEER, v.i. To utter severe, sarcastic reflections; to scoff; to deride; to flout; to make a mock ...

31328

jeered
JEE'RED, pp. Railed at; derided.

31329

jeerer
JEE'RER, n. A scoffer; a railer; a scorner; a mocker.

31330

jeering
JEE'RING, ppr. Scoffing; mocking; deriding.JEE'RING, n. Derision.

31331

jeeringly
JEE'RINGLY, adv. With raillery; scornfully; contemptuously; in mockery.

31332

jeffersonite
JEF'FERSONITE, n. A mineral occurring in crystalline masses, of a dark olive green color passing ...

31333

jegget
JEG'GET n. A kind of sausage. [Not in use.]

31334

jehovah
JEHO'VAH, n. The Scripture name of the Supreme Being. If, as is supposed, this name is from the ...

31335

jehovist
JEHO'VIST, n. Among critics, one who maintains that the vowel-points annexed to the word Jehovah ...

31336

jejune
JEJU'NE, a. [L. jejunus, empty, dry.]1. Wanting; empty; vacant.2. Hungry; not saturated.3. Dry; ...

31337

jejuneness
JEJU'NENESS, n. Poverty, barrenness; particularly, want of interesting matter; a deficiency of ...

31338

jellied
JEL'LIED, a. [See Jelly and Gelly.] Brought to the consistence of jelly.

31339

jelly
JEL'LY, n. [L. gelo, to congeal. See Gelly.]1. The inspissated juice of fruit, boiled with ...

31340

jellybag
JEL'LYBAG, n. A bag through which jelly is distilled.

31341

jenite
JEN'ITE, n. A different orthography of yenite, which see.

31342

jennet
JEN'NET, n. A small Spanish horse, properly genet.

31343

jenneting
JEN'NETING, n. [said to be corrupted from juneting, an apple ripe in June, or at St. Jean.] A ...

31344

jenny
JEN'NY, n. A machine for spinning, moved by water or steam and used in manufactories.

31345

jentling
JENT'LING, n. A fish, the blue chub, found in the Danube.

31346

jeofail
JEOFAIL, n. jef'fail. An oversight in pleading or other proceeding at law; or the acknowledgment ...

31347

jeopard
JEOPARD, v.t. jep'ard. [See Jeopardy.] To hazard; to put in danger; to expose to loss or injury. ...

31348

jeoparder
JEOPARDER, n. jep'arder. One who puts to hazard.

31349

jeopardize
JEOPARDIZE, v.t. jep'ardize. To expose to loss or injury; to jeopard. [This is a modern word, used ...

31350

jeopardous
JEOPARDOUS, a jep'ardous. Exposed to danger; perilous; hazardous.

31351

jeopardously
JEOPARDOUSLY, adv. jep'ardously. With risk or danger.

31352

jeopardy
JEOPARDY, n. jep'ardy. Exposure to death, loss or injury; hazard; danger; peril. They were filled ...

31353

jerboa
JER'BOA, n. A quadruped having very short fore legs.

31354

jerk
JERK, v.t. [This is probably the Ch.Heb. to reach, to spit, that is, to throw out with a sudden ...

31355

jerkin
JERK'IN, n. A jacket; a short coat; a close waistcoat.1. A kind of hawk.

31356

jersey
JER'SEY, n. [from the island so called.]1. Fine yarn of wool.2. The finest of wool separated from ...

31357

jess
JESS, n. Short straps of leather tied round the legs of a hawk, by which she is held on the ...

31358

jessamin
JES'SAMIN, n. A genus of plants and their flowers. [See Jasmin.]

31359

jesse
JES'SE, n. A large brass candlestick branched into many sconces, hanging down in the middle of a ...

31360

jessed
JESS'ED, a. Having jesses on; a term in heraldry.

31361

jest
JEST, n. [L. gestio.]1. A joke; something ludicrous uttered and meant only to excite laughter. ...

31362

jester
JEST'ER, n. A person given to jesting, sportive talk and merry pranks. --He rambled up and down ...

31363

jesting
JEST'ING, ppr. Joking; talking for diversion or merriment.JEST'ING, n. A joking; concise wit; wit ...

31364

jesting-stock
JEST'ING-STOCK, n. A laughing stock; a butt of ridicule.

31365

jestingly
JEST'INGLY, adv. In a jocose manner; not in earnest.

31366

jesuit
JES'UIT, n. s as z. One of the society of Jesus, so called, founded by Ignatius Loyola; a society ...

31367

jesuited
JES'UITED, a. Conforming to the principles of the Jesuits.

31368

jesuitess
JES'UITESS, n. A female Jesuit in principle.

31369

jesuitic
JESUIT'IC

31370

jesuitical
JESUIT'ICAL, a. Pertaining to the Jesuits or their principles and arts.1. Designing; cunning; ...

31371

jesuitically
JESUIT'ICALLY, adv. Craftily.

31372

jesuitism
JES'UITISM, n. The arts, principles and practices of the Jesuits.1. Cunning, deceit; hypocrisy; ...

31373

jet
JET, n. [L. gagates.] A solid, dry, black,inflammable fossil substance, harder than asphalt, ...

31374

jetsam
JET'SAM

31375

jetson
JET'SON

31376

jetteau
JETTEAU, n. jet'to. A throw or spout of water.

31377

jettee
JET'TEE, n. A projection in a building.

31378

jettison
JET'TISON, n. In law and commerce, properly, the throwing of goods overboard in order to lighten a ...

31379

jetty
JET'TY, v.i. To jut.JET'TY, n. A small pier or projection into a river for narrowing it and ...

31380

jettyhead
JET'TYHEAD, n. The projecting part of a wharf; the front of a wharf whose side forms one of the ...

31381

jew
JEW, n. [a contraction of Judas of Judah.] A Hebrew or Israelite.

31382

jewel
JEW'EL, n. [Low L. jocale.]1. An ornament worn by ladies,usually consisting of a precious stone, ...

31383

jewel-house
JEW'EL-HOUSE

31384

jewel-like
JEW'EL-LIKE, a. Brilliant as a jewel.

31385

jewel-office
JEW'EL-OFFICE, n. The place where the royal ornaments are reposited.

31386

jeweled
JEW'ELED, pp. Adorned with jewels.

31387

jeweler
JEW'ELER, n. One who makes or deals in jewels and other ornaments.

31388

jeweling
JEW'ELING, ppr. Adorning with jewels.

31389

jewelry
JEW'ELRY, n. Jewels in general.

31390

jewess
JEW'ESS, n. A Hebrew woman. Acts.24.

31391

jewish
JEW'ISH, a. Pertaining to the Jews or Hebrews. Tit.1.

31392

jewishly
JEW'ISHLY, adv. In the manner of the Jews.

31393

jewishness
JEW'ISHNESS, n. The rites of the Jews.

31394

jewry
JEW'RY, n. Judea; also, a district inhabited by Jews, whence the name of a street in London.

31395

jews-ear
JEWS-EAR, n. The name of a species of Fungus, the Peziza auricula, bearing some resemblance to the ...

31396

jews-frankincense
JEWS-FRANKINCENSE, n. A plant, a species of Styrax.

31397

jews-harp
JEWS-HARP, n. [Jew and harp.] An instrument of music shaped like a harp, which, placed between the ...

31398

jews-mallow
JEWS-MALLOW, n. A plant, species of Corchorus.

31399

jews-pitch
JEWS-PITCH, n. Asphaltum, which see.

31400

jews-stone
JEWS-STONE, n. The clavated spine of a very large egg-shaped sea urchin petrified. It is a ...

31401

jezebel
JEZ'EBEL, n. An impudent, daring, vitious woman.

31402

jib
JIB, n. The foremost sail of a ship, being a large stay-sail extended from the outer end of the ...

31403

jib-boom
JIB-BOOM, n. A spar which is run out from the extremity of the bowsprit, and which serves as a ...

31404

jiboya
JIBOY'A, n. An American serpent of the largest kind.

31405

jig
JIG, n. A kind of light dance, or a tune or air.1. A ballad.JIG, v.i. To dance a jig.

31406

jigger
JIG'GER, n. In sea-language, a machine consisting of a rope about five feet long, with a block at ...

31407

jiggish
JIG'GISH, a. Suitable to a jig.

31408

jigmaker
JIG'MAKER, n. One who makes or plays jigs.1. A ballad maker.

31409

jigpin
JIG'PIN, n. A pin used by miners to hold the turn-beams, and prevent them from turning.

31410

jill
JILL, n. A young woman; in contempt. [See Gill.]

31411

jilt
JILT, n. [of uncertain etymology.] A woman who gives her lover hopes and capriciously disappoints ...

31412

jimmers
JIM'MERS, n. Jointed hinges.

31413

jingle
JIN'GLE, v.i.1. To make a sharp clattering sound; to ring as a little bell, or as small pieces of ...

31414

jingling
JIN'GLING, ppr. Giving a sharp fine rattling sound, as a little bell or as pieces of metal.

31415

jippo
JIP'PO, n. A waistcoat or kind of stays for females.

31416

job
JOB, n. [of unknown origin, but perhaps allied to chop, primarily to strike or drive.]1. A piece ...

31417

jobber
JOB'BER, n. One who does small jobs.1. A dealer in the public stocks or funds; usually called a ...

31418

jobbernowl
JOB'BERNOWL, n. A loggerhead; a blockhead. [A low word.]

31419

jobs-tears
JOB'S-TEARS, n. A plant of the genus Coix.

31420

jockey
JOCK'EY, n. [said to be from Jackey, a diminutive of Jack, John; primarily, a boy that rides ...

31421

jockeyship
JOCK'EYSHIP, n. The art or practice of riding horses.

31422

joco-serious
JOCO-SE'RIOUS, a. Partaking of mirth and seriousness.

31423

jocose
JOCO'SE, a. [L. jocosus, from jocus, a joke.]1. Given to jokes and jesting; merry; waggish; used ...

31424

jocosely
JOCO'SELY, adv. In jest; for sport or game; waggishly.

31425

jocoseness
JOCO'SENESS, n. The quality of being jocose; waggery; merriment. [Jocosity is not used.]

31426

jocular
JOC'ULAR, a. [L. jocularis, from jocus, a joke.]1. Jocose; waggish; merry; given to jesting; used ...

31427

jocularity
JOCULAR'ITY, n. Merriment; jesting.

31428

jocularly
JOC'ULARLY, adv. In jest; for sport or mirth.

31429

joculary
JOC'ULARY, a. Jocular. [Not in use.]

31430

joculator
JOC'ULATOR, n. [L.] A jester; a droll; a minstrel.

31431

joculatory
JOC'ULATORY, a. Droll; merrily said.

31432

jocund
JOC'UND, a. [L. jocundus, from jocus, a joke.]Merry; gay; airy; lively; sportive. Rural sports and ...

31433

jocundity
JOCUND'ITY

31434

jocundly
JOC'UNDLY, adv. Merrily; gayly.

31435

jocundness
JOC'UNDNESS, n. State of being merry; gayety.

31436

jog
JOG, v.t. [Eng. shock, shake.] To push or shake with the elbow or hand; to give notice or excite ...

31437

jogger
JOG'GER, n. One who walks or moves heavily and slowly.1. One who gives a sudden push.

31438

jogging
JOG'GING, ppr. Pushing slightly.JOG'GING, n. A slight push or shake.

31439

joggle
JOG'GLE, v.t. [from jog.] To shake slightly; to give a sudden but slight push.

31440

joggled
JOG'GLED, pp. Slightly shaken.

31441

joggling
JOG'GLING, ppr. Shaking slightly.

31442

johannes
JOHAN'NES, n. [John, latinized.] A Portuguese gold coin of the value of eight dollars; contracted ...

31443

johnapple
JOHN'APPLE, n. A sort of apple, good for spring use, when other fruit is spent.

31444

join
JOIN, v.t. [L. jungo, jungere; jungo for jugo, jugum; Eng. yoke;Gr. a yoke, and a pair, to join.]1. ...

31445

joinder
JOIN'DER, n. A joining; as a joinder in demurrer.

31446

joined
JOIN'ED, pp. Added; united; set or fastened together; associated; confederated.

31447

joiner
JOIN'ER, n. One whose occupation is to construct things by joining pieces of wood; but ...

31448

joinery
JOIN'ERY, n. The art of fitting and joining pieces of timber in the construction of utensils or ...

31449

joinhand
JOIN'HAND, n. Writing in which letters are joined in words; as distinguished from writing in ...

31450

joining
JOIN'ING, ppr. Adding; making contiguous; uniting; confederating.

31451

joint
JOINT, n. [L. junctura. See Join.]1. The joining of two or more things.2. In anatomy, the ...

31452

joint-heir
JOINT'-HEIR, n. [joint and heir.] A heir having a joint interest with another. Rom.8.

31453

joint-tenancy
JOINT-TEN'ANCY, n. [joint and tenant.] A tenure of estate by unity of interest, title, time and ...

31454

joint-tenant
JOINT-TEN'ANT, n. [joint and tenant.] One who holds an estate by joint-tenancy.

31455

jointed
JOINT'ED, pp. Formed with articulations, as the stem of a plant.1. Separated into joints or ...

31456

jointer
JOINT'ER, n. A long plane, a joiner's utensil.

31457

jointly
JOINT'LY, adv. Together; unitedly; in concert; with cooperation.1. With union of interest; as, to ...

31458

jointress
JOINT'RESS, n. A woman who has a jointure.

31459

jointstool
JOINT'STOOL, n. A stool consisting of parts inserted in each other.

31460

jointure
JOINT'URE, n. An estate in lands or tenements, settled on a woman in consideration of marriage, ...

31461

jointured
JOINT'URED, pp. Endowed with a jointure.

31462

joist
JOIST, n. A small piece of timber, such as is framed into the girders and summers of a building to ...

31463

joke
JOKE, n. [L. jocus.]1. A jest; something said for the sake of exciting a laugh; something witty or ...

31464

joker
JO'KER, n. A jester; a merry fellow.

31465

joking
JO'KING, ppr. Jesting; making merry with.

31466

jole
JOLE, n. [sometimes written jowl.]1. The cheek; used in the phrase, cheek by jole, that is, with ...

31467

jollily
JOL'LILY, adv. [See Jolly.] With noisy mirth; with a disposition to noisy mirth.

31468

jolliment
JOL'LIMENT, n. Mirth; merriment.

31469

jolliness
JOL'LINESS

31470

jollity
JOL'LITY, n. [from jolly.] Noisy mirth; gayety; merriment; festivity. All was now turned to ...

31471

jolly
JOL'LY, a.1. Merry; gay; lively; full of life and mirth; jovial. It expresses more life and noise ...

31472

jolly-boat
JOL'LY-BOAT, n. A small boat belonging to a ship.

31473

jolt
JOLT, v.i. To shake with short abrupt risings and fallings; as a carriage moving on rough ground. ...

31474

jolter
JOLTER, n. He or that which jolts.

31475

jolthead
JOLTHEAD, n. A greathead; a dunce; a blockhead.

31476

jolting
JOLTING, ppr. Giving sudden jerks or shakes.

31477

jonquil
JON'QUIL, n. [L. juncus, a rush.] A plant of the genus Narcissus or daffodil, bearing beautiful ...

31478

jorden
JOR'DEN, n. A vessel for chamber uses.

31479

joso
JO'SO, n. A small fish of the gudgeon kind.

31480

jostle
JOS'TLE, v.t. jos'l. To run against; to push.

31481

jostled
JOS'TLED, pp. Run against; pushed. We say, a thing is jostled out of its place.

31482

jostling
JOS'TLING, ppr. Running against; pushing.JOS'TLING, n. A running against; a crowding.

31483

jot
JOT, n. [ Heb. yod.] An iota; a point; a tittle; the least quantity assignable. Till heaven and ...

31484

jotting
JOT'TING, n. A memorandum.

31485

jouissance
JOUIS'SANCE, n. Jollity; merriment. [Not in use.]

31486

journal
JOURNAL, n. jur'nal. [L. diurnum. This was originally an adjective, signifying daily, as in ...

31487

journalist
JOURNALIST, n. jur'nalist. The writer of a journal or diary.

31488

journalize
JOURNALIZE, v.t. jur'nalize. To enter in a journal.

31489

journey
JOURNEY, n. jur'ny. [L. diurnus, dies.]1. The travel of a day.2. Travel by land to any distance ...

31490

journey-work
JOUR'NEY-WORK, n. Work done for hire by a mechanic in his proper occupation. [This word is never ...

31491

journeying
JOUR'NEYING, ppr. Traveling; passing from place to place.JOUR'NEYING, n. A traveling or passing ...

31492

journeyman
JOUR'NEYMAN, n. [jounrey and man.] Strictly, a man hired to work by the day,but in fact, any ...

31493

joust
JOUST. [See Just.]

31494

jove
JOVE, n. [L. Jovis.]1. The name of the Supreme Deity among the Romans.2. The planet jupiter. Or ...

31495

jovial
JO'VIAL, a. [from Jove, supra.] Under the influence of Jupiter, the planet. --The fixed stars ...

31496

jovialist
JO'VIALIST, n. One who lives a jovial life.

31497

jovially
JO'VIALLY, adv. Merrily; gayly; with noisy mirth.

31498

jovialness
JO'VIALNESS, n. Noisy mirth; gayety.

31499

jowl
JOWL, n. The cheek. [See Jole.]

31500

jowler
JOWL'ER, n. The name of a hunting dog, beagle or other dog.

31501

jowter
JOW'TER, n. A fish driver.

31502

joy
JOY, n.1. The passion or emotion excited by the acquisition or expectation of good; that ...

31503

joyance
JOY'ANCE, n. Gayety; festivity.

31504

joyed
JOY'ED, pp. Gladdened; enjoyed.

31505

joyful
JOY'FUL, a. Full of joy; very glad; exulting. My soul shall be joyful in my God. Is.61.Rarely, it ...

31506

joyfully
JOY'FULLY, adv. With joy; gladly. Never did men more joyfully obey.

31507

joyfulness
JOY'FULNESS, n. Great gladness; joy. Deut.28.

31508

joyless
JOY'LESS, a. Destitute of joy; wanting joy. With downcast eyes the joyless victor sat.Rarely ...

31509

joylessly
JOY'LESSLY, adv. Without joy.

31510

joylessness
JOY'LESSNESS, n. State of being joyless.

31511

joyous
JOY'OUS, a. Glad; gay; merry; joyful. Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs Whispered ...

31512

joyously
JOY'OUSLY, adv. With joy or gladness.

31513

joyousness
JOY'OUSNESS, n. The state of being joyous.

31514

jub
JUB, n. A bottle or vessel.

31515

jubilant
JU'BILANT, a. [L. jubilans. See Jubilee.] Uttering songs of triumph; rejoicing; shouting with joy. ...

31516

jubilation
JUBILA'TION, n. [L. jubilatio. See Jubilee.]The act of declaring triumph.

31517

jubilee
JU'BILEE, n. [L. jubilum, from jubilo, to shout for joy; Heb. the blast of a trumpet, coinciding ...

31518

jucundity
JUCUND'ITY, n. [L. jucunditas, from jucundus, sweet, pleasant.Pleasantness; agreeableness. [Little ...

31519

judaic
JUDA'IC

31520

judaical
JUDA'ICAL, a. Pertaining to the Jews.

31521

judaically
JUDA'ICALLY, adv. After the Jewish manner.

31522

judaism
JU'DAISM, n.1. The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews, as enjoinedin the laws of Moses. ...

31523

judaize
JU'DAIZE, v.i. To conform to the religious doctrines and rites of the Jews. They--prevailed on the ...

31524

judaizer
JU'DAIZER, n. One who conforms to the religion of the Jews.

31525

judaizing
JU'DAIZING, ppr. Conforming to the doctrines and rites of the Jews.

31526

judas-tree
JU'DAS-TREE, n. A plant of the genus Cercis.

31527

juddock
JUD'DOCK, n. A small snipe, called also Jack-snipe.

31528

judge
JUDGE, n. [L. judex, supposed to be compounded of jus, law or right, and dico, to pronounce.]1. A ...

31529

judged
JUDG'ED, pp. Heard and determined; tried judicially; sentenced; censured; doomed.

31530

judger
JUDG'ER, n. One who judges or passes sentence.

31531

judgeship
JUDGESHIP, n. judj'ship. The office of a judge.

31532

judging
JUDG'ING, ppr. Hearing and determining; forming an opinion; dooming.

31533

judgment
JUDG'MENT, n. The act of judging; the act or process of the mind in comparing its ideas, to find ...

31534

judgment-day
JUDG'MENT-DAY, n. The last day, or day when final judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of ...

31535

judgment-hall
JUDG'MENT-HALL, n. The hall where courts are held.

31536

judgment-seat
JUDG'MENT-SEAT, n. The seat or bench on which judges sit in court.1. A court; a tribunal. We ...

31537

judicative
JU'DICATIVE, a. Having power to judge.

31538

judicatory
JU'DICATORY, a. Dispensing justice.JU'DICATORY, n. [L. judicatorium.] A court of justice; a ...

31539

judicature
JU'DICATURE, n. The power of distributing justice by legal trial and determination. A court of ...

31540

judicially
JUDI'CIALLY, adv. In the forms of legal justice; as a sentence judicially declared.1. By way of ...

31541

judiciary
JUDI'CIARY n. [L. judiciarius.]1. Passing judgment or sentence.2. Pertaining to the courts of ...

31542

judicious
JUDI'CIOUS, a.1. According to sound judgment; wise; prudent; rational; adapted to obtain a good ...

31543

judiciously
JUDI'CIOUSLY, adv. With good judgment; with discretion or wisdom; skillfully. Longinus has ...

31544

judiciousness
JUDI'CIOUSNESS, n. The quality of acting or being according to sound judgment.

31545

jug
JUG, n. [Low L. caucus.] A vessel,usually earthen, with a swelling belly and narrow mouth, used ...

31546

juggle
JUG'GLE, v.i. [L. joculor, to jest, from jocus, a joke; jocor, to joke;]1. To play tricks by ...

31547

juggler
JUG'GLER, n.1. One who practices or exhibits tricks by slight of hand; one who makes sport by ...

31548

juggling
JUG'GLING, ppr. Playing tricks by slight of hand; deceiving.JUG'GLING, n. The act or practice of ...

31549

jugglingly
JUG'GLINGLY, adv. In a deceptive manner.

31550

jugular
JU'GULAR, a. [L. jugulum, the neck, either from jugum, a yoke, or from its radical sense, to ...

31551

juice
JUICE

31552

juiceless
JUICELESS, a. ju'seless. Destitute of juice; dry; without moisture.

31553

juiciness
JUICINESS, n. ju'siness. The state of abounding with juice; succulence in plants.

31554

juicy
JUICY, a. ju'sy. Abounding with juice; moist; succulent.

31555

juise
JUISE, n. [L. jus.] Judgment; justice.

31556

jujub
JU'JUB

31557

jujube
JU'JUBE, n. [L. zizyphum.] The name of a plant and of its fruit, which is pulpy and resembles a ...

31558

juke
JUKE, v.i. To perch. [Not used.]

31559

julep
JU'LEP, n. In pharmacy, a medicine composed of some proper liquor and a sirup of sugar, of ...

31560

julian
JU'LIAN, a. Noting the old account of the year, as regulated by Julius Caesar, which continued to ...

31561

julis
JU'LIS, n. A small fish with a green back.

31562

julus
JU'LUS, n. [Gr. a handful or bundle.]1. In botany, a catkin or ament, a species of calyx or ...

31563

july
JULY', n. The seventh month of the year, during which the sun enters the sign Leo. It is so ...

31564

july-flower
JULY-FLOWER, n. The name of certain species of plants. The clove July-flower is of the genus ...

31565

jumart
JU'MART, n. The offspring of a bull and a mare.

31566

jumble
JUM'BLE, v.t. To mix in a confused mass; to put or throw together without order. It is often ...

31567

jumbled
JUM'BLED, pp. Mixed or collected in a confused mass.

31568

jumblement
JUM'BLEMENT, n. Confused mixture. [Not in use.]

31569

jumbler
JUM'BLER, a. One who mixes things in confusion.

31570

jumbling
JUM'BLING, ppr. Putting or mixing in a confused mass.

31571

jument
JU'MENT, n. [L. jumentum, a beast.] A beast of burden. [Not used.]

31572

jump
JUMP, v.i.1. To leap; to skip; to spring. Applied to men, it signifies to spring upwards or ...

31573

jumper
JUMP'ER, n. One who jumps.

31574

jumping
JUMP'ING, ppr. Leaping; springing; bounding.

31575

juncate
JUNC'ATE, n. [L. juncus, a rush.]1. A cheese-cake; a kind of sweetmeat of curds and sugar.2. Any ...

31576

juncous
JUNC'OUS, a. [L. junceus or juncosus, from juncus, a rush.]Full of bulrushes. [Little used.]

31577

junction
JUNC'TION, n. [L. junctio, from jungo, to join.]1. The act or operation of joining; as the ...

31578

juncture
JUNC'TURE, n. [L. junctura; jungo, to join.]1. A joining; union; amity; as the juncture of ...

31579

june
JUNE, n. [L. junius.] The sixth month of the year, when the sun enters the sign Cancer.

31580

jungle
JUN'GLE, n. In Hindoostan, a thick wood of small trees or shrubs.

31581

jungly
JUN'GLY, a. Consisting of jungles; abounding with jungles.

31582

junior
JU'NIOR, a. [L. from juvenis, young; quasi, juvenior.]Younger; not as old as another; as a junior ...

31583

juniority
JUNIOR'ITY, n. The state of being junior.

31584

juniper
JU'NIPER, n. [L. juniperus.] A tree or shrub bearing berries of a bluish color, of a warm, ...

31585

junk
JUNK, n. [L. juncus.]1. Pieces of old cable or old cordage, used for making points, gaskets, mats, ...

31586

junket
JUNK'ET, n. [See Juncate.] A sweetmeat.1. A stolen entertainment.JUNK'ET, v.i. To feast in ...

31587

junto
JUN'TO, n. [L. junctus, joined.]1. Primarily, a select council or assembly, which deliberates in ...

31588

jupiter
JU'PITER, n. [L. the air or heavens; Jovis pater.]1. The supreme deity among the Greeks and ...

31589

juppon
JUPPON', n. A short close coat.

31590

jurat
JU'RAT, n. [L. juratus, sworn, from juro, to swear.]In England, a magistrate in some corporations; ...

31591

juratory
JU'RATORY, a. [L. juro, to swear.] Comprising an oath; as juratory caution. [Little used.]

31592

juridical
JURID'ICAL, a. [L. juridicus; jus, juris, law, and dico, to pronounce.]1. Acting in the ...

31593

juridically
JURID'ICALLY, adv. According to forms of law, or proceedings in tribunals of justice; with legal ...

31594

jurisconsult
JURISCON'SULT, n. [L. juris consultus; jus and consultus, consulo, to consult.] Among the Romans, ...

31595

jurisdiction
JURISDIC'TION, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, law, and dictio, from dico, to pronounce.]1. The ...

31596

jurisdictional
JURISDIC'TIONAL, a. Pertaining to jurisdiction; as jurisdictional rights.

31597

jurisdictive
JURISDIC'TIVE, a. Having jurisdiction.

31598

jurisprudence
JURISPRU'DENCE, n. [L. jurisprudentia; jus, law, and prudentia, science.] The science of law; the ...

31599

jurisprudent
JURISPRU'DENT, a. Understanding law.

31600

jurisprudential
JURISPRUDEN'TIAL, a. Pertaining to jurisprudence.

31601

jurist
JU'RIST, n. [L. jus, juris, law.]1. A man who professes the science of law; one versed in the law, ...

31602

juror
JU'ROR, n. [L. jurator; or rather juro, to swear.]One that serves on a jury; one sworn to deliver ...

31603

jury
JU'RY, n. [L. juro, to swear.] A number of freeholders, selected in the manner prescribed by law, ...

31604

juryman
JU'RYMAN, n. One who is empaneled on a jury, or who serves as a juror.

31605

jurymast
JU'RYM`AST, n. A mast erected in a ship to supply the place of one carried away in a tempest or an ...

31606

juse
JUSE, n. juse. The sap of vegetables; the fluid part of animal substances.

31607

just
JUST, a. [L. justus. The primary sense is probably straight or close, from the sense of setting, ...

31608

justice
JUST'ICE, n. [L. justitia, from justus, just.]1. The virtue which consists in giving to every one ...

31609

justiceable
JUST'ICEABLE, a. Liable to account in a court of justice. [Little used.]

31610

justicer
JUST'ICER, n. An administrator of justice. [Little used.]

31611

justiceship
JUST'ICESHIP, n. The office or dignity of a justice.

31612

justiciar
JUSTI'CIAR, n. [L. justiciarius.] An administrator of justice.1. A chief justice.2. One that ...

31613

justiciary
JUSTI'CIARY

31614

justifiable
JUST'IFIABLE, a. [from justify.] That may be proved to be just; that may be vindicated on ...

31615

justifiableness
JUST'IFIABLENESS, n. The quality of being justifiable; rectitude; possibility of being defended or ...

31616

justifiably
JUST'IFIABLY, adv. In a manner that admits of vindication or justification; rightly.

31617

justification
JUSTIFICA'TION, n.1. The act of justifying; a showing to be just or conformable to law, rectitude ...

31618

justificative
JUSTIF'ICATIVE, a. Justifying; that has power to justify.

31619

justificator
JUSTIFICA'TOR, n. One who justifies. [Little used.]

31620

justifier
JUST'IFIER, n. One who justifies; one who vindicates,supports or defends.1. He who pardons and ...

31621

justify
JUST'IFY, v.t. [L. justus, just,and facio, to make.]1. To prove or show to be just, or conformable ...

31622

justle
JUS'TLE, v.i. jus'l. [See Jostle and Just.] To run against; to encounter; to strike against; to ...

31623

justly
JUST'LY, adv. [from just.] In conformity to law, justice or propriety; by right. The offender is ...

31624

justness
JUST'NESS, n. Accuracy; exactness; as the justness of proportions.1. Conformity to truth; as the ...

31625

jut
JUT, v.i. [a different spelling of jet.] To shoot forward; to project beyond the main body; as the ...

31626

jut-window
JUT-WINDOW, n. A window that projects form the line of a building.

31627

jutting
JUT'TING, ppr. Shooting out; projecting.

31628

jutty
JUT'TY, v.i. To jut. [Not used.]JUT'TY, n. A projection in a building; also, a pier or mole.

31629

juvenile
JU'VENILE, a. [L. juvenilis, from juvenis, young.]1. Young; youthful; as juvenile years or age.2. ...

31630

juvenility
JUVENIL'ITY, n. Youthfulness; youthful age.1. Light and careless manner; the manners or customs ...

31631

juxtaposited
JUXTAPOS'ITED, a. [L. juxta, near, and posited.]Placed near; adjacent or contiguous.

31632

juxtaposition
JUXTAPOSI'TION, n. [L. juxta,near, and position.]A placing or being placed in nearness or ...

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Word of the Day

chief

CHIEF, a.

1. Highest in office or rank; principal; as a chief priest; the chief butler. Gen 40:9.

Among the chief rulers, many believed on him. John 12.

2. Principal or most eminent, in any quality or action; most distinguished; having most influence; commanding most respect; taking the lead; most valuable; most important; a word of extensive use; as a country chief in arms.

The hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass. Ezra 9.

Agriculture is the chief employment of men.

3. First in affection; most dear and familiar.

A whisperer separateth chief friends. Prov. 16.

CHIEF, n.

1. A commander; particularly a military commander; the person who heads an army; equivalent to the modern terms, commander or general in chief, captain general, or generalissimo. 1 Ch. 11.

2. The principal person of a tribe, family, or congregation, &c.

Num. 3. Job 29. Math. 20.

3. In chief, in English law, in capite. To hold land in chief is to hold it directly from the king by honorable personal services.

4. In heraldry, chief signifies the head or upper part of the escutcheon, from side to side, representing a mans head. In chief, imports something borne in this part.

5. In Spenser, it seems to signify something like achievement, a mark of distinction; as, chaplets wrought with a chief.

6. This word is often used, in the singular number, to express a plurality.

I took the chief of your tribes, wise men and known, and made them heads over you. Deut. 1:15.

These were the chief of the officers, that were over Solomons work. 1 Kings 9.

In these phrases, chief may have been primarily an adjective, that is, chief men, chief persons.

7. The principal part; the most or largest part, of one thing or of many.

The people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed. 1 Sam. 15.

He smote the chief of their strength. Ps. 68.

The chief of the debt remains unpaid.

CHIEF, adv. Chiefly.

Random Word

after-conviction

'AFTER-CONVIC'TION, n Future conviction.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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