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Tuesday - January 21, 2020

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [mill]

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mill

MILL, n. [L. mille, a thousand.] A money of account of the United States, value the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.

MILL, n. [L. mola, molo, mel, honey, mollis; Eng. mellow, mild, mold, meal.

1. A complicated engine or machine for grinding and reducing to fine particles, grain, fruit or other substance, or for performing other operations by means of wheels and a circular motion; as a grist-mill for grain; a coffee-mill; a cider-mill; a bark-mill. The original purpose of mills was to comminute grain for food, but the word mill is now extended to engines or machines moved by water, wind or steam, for carrying on many other operations. We have oil-mills, saw-mills, slitting-mills, bark-mills, fulling-mills,&c.

2. The house or building that contains the machinery for grinding, &c.

MILL, v.t. To grind; to comminute; to reduce to fine particles or to small pieces.

1. To beat up chocolate.

2. To stamp coin.

3. To full, as cloth.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [mill]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

MILL, n. [L. mille, a thousand.] A money of account of the United States, value the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.

MILL, n. [L. mola, molo, mel, honey, mollis; Eng. mellow, mild, mold, meal.

1. A complicated engine or machine for grinding and reducing to fine particles, grain, fruit or other substance, or for performing other operations by means of wheels and a circular motion; as a grist-mill for grain; a coffee-mill; a cider-mill; a bark-mill. The original purpose of mills was to comminute grain for food, but the word mill is now extended to engines or machines moved by water, wind or steam, for carrying on many other operations. We have oil-mills, saw-mills, slitting-mills, bark-mills, fulling-mills,&c.

2. The house or building that contains the machinery for grinding, &c.

MILL, v.t. To grind; to comminute; to reduce to fine particles or to small pieces.

1. To beat up chocolate.

2. To stamp coin.

3. To full, as cloth.

MILL, n.1 [L. mille, a thousand.]

A money of account of the United States, value the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.


MILL, n.2 [Sax. miln; W. melin; Ir. meile or muilean; Corn. melyn; Ann. mell or melin; Fr. moulin; L. mola; Gr. μυλη, μυλος; G. hle; D. molen; Sw. möl; Dan. mölle; Sp. molino; mulino; Russ. melnitsa; Goth. malan, to grind, Ir. meilim, Fr. moudre, for mouldre, W. malu, Arm. mala or malein, Sp. moler, L. molo, G. mahlen, D. maalen, Sw. mäla, Dan. maler; Port. moêr, by contraction, Russ. melyu. It is not certain which is the original word, the noun or the verb; or whether both are from a prior radical sense. We observe that the elements of this word coincide with those of L. mel, honey, mollis, Eng. mellow, mild, mold, meal, W. mall, &c. all expressive of softness. Grinding is now breaking by friction or pressure, but not improbably grain was pulverized by beating or pounding before the use of the quern. If so, mill may coincide in origin with mallet. We observe that this word is in the languages of all the great European families, Celtic, Teutonic and Slavonic.]

  1. A complicated engine or machine for grinding and reducing to fine particles, grain, fruit or other substance, or for performing other operations by means of wheels and a circular motion; as a grist-mill for grain; a coffee-mill; a cider-mill; a bark-mill. The original purpose of mills was to comminute grain for food, but the word mill is now extended to engines or machines moved by water, wind or steam, for carrying on many other operations. We have oil-mills, saw-mills, slitting-mills, bark-mills, fulling mills, &c.
  2. The house or building that contains the machinery for grinding, &c.

MILL, v.t.

  1. To grind; to comminute; to reduce to fine particles or to small pieces.
  2. To beat up chocolate. Johnson.
  3. To stamp coin.
  4. To full, as cloth.

Mill
  1. A money of account of the United States, having the value of the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.
  2. A machine for grinding or comminuting any substance, as grain, by rubbing and crushing it between two hard, rough, or indented surfaces; as, a gristmill, a coffee mill; a bone mill.
  3. To reduce to fine particles, or to small pieces, in a mill] to grind; to comminute.
  4. To swim under water; -- said of air-breathing creatures.
  5. To undergo hulling, as maize.
  6. Short for Treadmill.
  7. To fill (a winze or interior incline) with broken ore, to be drawn out at the bottom.
  8. A machine used for expelling the juice, sap, etc., from vegetable tissues by pressure, or by pressure in combination with a grinding, or cutting process; as, a cider mill; a cane mill.
  9. To shape, finish, or transform by passing through a machine; specifically, to shape or dress, as metal, by means of a rotary cutter.
  10. To move in a circle, as cattle upon a plain.

    The deer and the pig and the nilghar were milling round and round in a circle of eight or ten miles radius. Kipling.

  11. The raised or ridged edge or surface made in milling anything, as a coin or screw.
  12. To cause to mill, or circle round, as cattle.
  13. A machine for grinding and polishing; as, a lapidary mill.
  14. To make a raised border around the edges of, or to cut fine grooves or indentations across the edges of, as of a coin, or a screw head; also, to stamp in a coining press; to coin.
  15. To swim suddenly in a new direction; -- said of whales.
  16. A common name for various machines which produce a manufactured product, or change the form of a raw material by the continuous repetition of some simple action; as, a sawmill; a stamping mill, etc.
  17. To pass through a fulling mill; to full, as cloth.
  18. To take part in a mill; to box.

    [Cant]
  19. A building or collection of buildings with machinery by which the processes of manufacturing are carried on; as, a cotton mill; a powder mill; a rolling mill.
  20. To beat with the fists.

    [Cant] Thackeray.
  21. A hardened steel roller having a design in relief, used for imprinting a reversed copy of the design in a softer metal, as copper.
  22. To roll into bars, as steel.

    To mill chocolate, to make it frothy, as by churning.

  23. An excavation in rock, transverse to the workings, from which material for filling is obtained.

    (b)
  24. A milling cutter. See Illust. under Milling.
  25. A pugilistic encounter.

    [Cant] R. D. Blackmore.

    Edge mill, Flint mill, etc. See under Edge, Flint, etc. -- Mill bar (Iron Works), a rough bar rolled or drawn directly from a bloom or puddle bar for conversion into merchant iron in the mill. -- Mill cinder, slag from a puddling furnace. -- Mill head, the head of water employed to turn the wheel of a mill. -- Mill pick, a pick for dressing millstones. -- Mill pond, a pond that supplies the water for a mill. -- Mill race, the canal in which water is conveyed to a mill wheel, or the current of water which drives the wheel. -- Mill tail, the water which flows from a mill wheel after turning it, or the channel in which the water flows. -- Mill tooth, a grinder or molar tooth. - - Mill wheel, the water wheel that drives the machinery of a mill. -- Roller mill, a mill in which flour or meal is made by crushing grain between rollers. -- Stamp mill (Mining), a mill in which ore is crushed by stamps. -- To go through the mill, to experience the suffering or discipline necessary to bring one to a certain degree of knowledge or skill, or to a certain mental state.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Mill

MILL, noun [Latin mille, a thousand.] A money of account of the United States, value the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.

MILL, noun [Latin mola, molo, mel, honey, mollis; Eng. mellow, mild, mold, meal.

1. A complicated engine or machine for grinding and reducing to fine particles, grain, fruit or other substance, or for performing other operations by means of wheels and a circular motion; as a grist-mill for grain; a coffee-mill; a cider-mill; a bark-mill. The original purpose of mills was to comminute grain for food, but the word mill is now extended to engines or machines moved by water, wind or steam, for carrying on many other operations. We have oil-mills, saw-mills, slitting-mills, bark-mills, fulling-mills, etc.

2. The house or building that contains the machinery for grinding, etc.

MILL, verb transitive To grind; to comminute; to reduce to fine particles or to small pieces.

1. To beat up chocolate.

2. To stamp coin.

3. To full, as cloth.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

envassal

ENVAS'SAL, v.t. [from vassal.] To reduce to vassalage.

1. To make over to another as a slave.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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