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Monday - June 17, 2019

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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mate

MATE, n.

1. A companion; an associate; one who customarily associates with another. Young persons nearly of an age, and frequently associating, are called mates or playmates.

2. A husband or wife.

3. The male or female of animals which associate for propagation and the care of their young.

4. One that eats at the same table.

5. One that attends the same school; a school-mate.

6. An officer in a merchant ship or ship of war, whose duty is to assist the master or commander. In a merchant ship, the mate,in the absence of the master, takes command of the ship. Large ships have a first, second, and third mate.

In general, mate, in compound words, denotes an assistant, and ranks next in subordination to the principal; as master's mate; surgeon's mate, &c.

MATE, n. In chess, the state of the king so situated that he cannot escape.

MATE, v.t. To match; to marry.

1. To equal; to be equal to.

For thus the mastful chestnut mates the skies.

2. To oppose; to equal.

--I i' th' way of loyalty and truth,

Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be.

MATE, v.t. To enervate; to subdue; to crush.

Audacity doth almost bind and mate the weaker sort of minds. [Not used.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [mate]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

MATE, n.

1. A companion; an associate; one who customarily associates with another. Young persons nearly of an age, and frequently associating, are called mates or playmates.

2. A husband or wife.

3. The male or female of animals which associate for propagation and the care of their young.

4. One that eats at the same table.

5. One that attends the same school; a school-mate.

6. An officer in a merchant ship or ship of war, whose duty is to assist the master or commander. In a merchant ship, the mate,in the absence of the master, takes command of the ship. Large ships have a first, second, and third mate.

In general, mate, in compound words, denotes an assistant, and ranks next in subordination to the principal; as master's mate; surgeon's mate, &c.

MATE, n. In chess, the state of the king so situated that he cannot escape.

MATE, v.t. To match; to marry.

1. To equal; to be equal to.

For thus the mastful chestnut mates the skies.

2. To oppose; to equal.

--I i' th' way of loyalty and truth,

Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be.

MATE, v.t. To enervate; to subdue; to crush.

Audacity doth almost bind and mate the weaker sort of minds. [Not used.]

MATE, n.1 [D. maat; Ar. مَطَا matau, to associate. Class Md, No. 11.]

  1. A companion; an associate; one who customarily associates with another. Young persons nearly of an age, and frequently associating, are called mates or playmates.
  2. A husband or wife.
  3. The male or female of animals which associate for propagation and the care of their young. Milton.
  4. One that eats at the same table.
  5. One that attends the same school; a school-mate.
  6. An officer in a merchant ship or ship of war, whose duty is to assist the master or commander. In a merchant ship, the mate, in the absence of the master, takes command of the ship. Large ships have a first, second and third mate. In general, mate, in compound words, denotes an assistant, and ranks next in subordination to the principal; as master's mate; surgeon's mate, &c.

MATE, n.2 [Sp. and Port. mate; Fr. mat; from Sp. matar, to kill.]

In chess, the state of the king so situated that he can not escape.


MATE, v.t.1

  1. To match; to marry. Spenser. Shak.
  2. To equal; to be equal to. For thus the mastful chestnut mates the skies. Dryden.
  3. To oppose; to equal. I i' th' way of loyalty and truth, / Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be. Shak.

MATE, v.t.2 [Fr. mater, to mate in chess; Sw. matta, to weaken, to enervate; Sp. matar, to kill.]

To enervate; to subdue; to crush. Audacity doth almost bind and mate the weaker sort of minds. [Not used.] Bacon.


||Ma"te
  1. The Paraguay tea, being the dried leaf of the Brazilian holly (Ilex Paraguensis). The infusion has a pleasant odor, with an agreeable bitter taste, and is much used for tea in South America.
  2. Same as Checkmate.
  3. See 2d Mat.

    [Obs.] Chaucer.
  4. To confuse; to confound.

    [Obs.] Shak.
  5. One who customarily associates with another; a companion; an associate; any object which is associated or combined with a similar object.
  6. To match] to marry.

    If she be mated with an equal husband. Shak.

  7. To be or become a mate or mates, especially in sexual companionship; as, some birds mate for life; this bird will not mate with that one.
  8. To checkmate.
  9. Hence, specifically, a husband or wife; and among the lower animals, one of a pair associated for propagation and the care of their young.
  10. To match one's self against; to oppose as equal; to compete with.

    There is no passion in the mind of man so weak but it mates and masters the fear of death. Bacon.

    I, . . . in the way of loyalty and truth, . . .
    Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be.
    Shak.

  11. A suitable companion; a match; an equal.

    Ye knew me once no mate
    For you; there sitting where you durst not soar.
    Milton.

  12. An officer in a merchant vessel ranking next below the captain. If there are more than one bearing the title, they are called, respectively, first mate, second mate, third mate, etc. In the navy, a subordinate officer or assistant; as, master's mate; surgeon's mate.
1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Mate

MATE, noun

1. A companion; an associate; one who customarily associates with another. Young persons nearly of an age, and frequently associating, are called mates or playmates.

2. A husband or wife.

3. The male or female of animals which associate for propagation and the care of their young.

4. One that eats at the same table.

5. One that attends the same school; a school-mate.

6. An officer in a merchant ship or ship of war, whose duty is to assist the master or commander. In a merchant ship, the mate in the absence of the master, takes command of the ship. Large ships have a first, second, and third mate

In general, mate in compound words, denotes an assistant, and ranks next in subordination to the principal; as master's mate; surgeon's mate etc.

MATE, noun In chess, the state of the king so situated that he cannot escape.

MATE, verb transitive To match; to marry.

1. To equal; to be equal to.

For thus the mastful chestnut mates the skies.

2. To oppose; to equal.

--I i' th' way of loyalty and truth,

Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be.

MATE, verb transitive To enervate; to subdue; to crush.

Audacity doth almost bind and mate the weaker sort of minds. [Not used.]

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

forthward

FORTHWARD, adv. Forward.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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monte

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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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