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Wednesday - December 11, 2019

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
- Preface

1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [hog]

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hog

HOG, n.

1. A swine; a general name of that species of animal.

2. In England, a castrated sheep of a year old.

3. A bullock of a year old.

4. A brutal fellow; one who is mean and filthy.

5. Among seamen, a sort of scrubbing-broom for scraping a ship's bottom under water.

HOG, v.t. To scrape a ship's bottom under water.

1. To carry on the back. [Local.]

2. To cut the hair short, like the bristles of a hog. [Local.]

HOG, v.i. To bend, so as to resemble in some degree a hog's back; as, a ship hogs in lanching.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [hog]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

HOG, n.

1. A swine; a general name of that species of animal.

2. In England, a castrated sheep of a year old.

3. A bullock of a year old.

4. A brutal fellow; one who is mean and filthy.

5. Among seamen, a sort of scrubbing-broom for scraping a ship's bottom under water.

HOG, v.t. To scrape a ship's bottom under water.

1. To carry on the back. [Local.]

2. To cut the hair short, like the bristles of a hog. [Local.]

HOG, v.i. To bend, so as to resemble in some degree a hog's back; as, a ship hogs in lanching.


HOG, n. [W. hwç, a hog, a push or thrust; Arm. houch; probably so named from his snout, or from rooting; Sp. hocico, the snout of a beast; hocicar, to root.]

  1. A swine; a general name of that species of animal.
  2. In England, a castrated sheep of a year old. Ash.
  3. A bullock of a year old. Ash.
  4. A brutal fellow; one who is mean and filthy.
  5. Among seamen, a sort of scrubbing-broom for scraping a ship's bottom under water. Mar. Dict.

HOG, v.i.

To bend, so as to resemble in some degree a hog's back; as, a ship hogs in lanching.


HOG, v.t.

  1. To scrape a ship's bottom under water.
  2. [G. hocken.] To carry on the back. [Local.] Grose.
  3. To cut the hair short, like the bristles of a hog. [Local.]

Hog
  1. A quadruped of the genus Sus, and allied genera of Suidæ; esp., the domesticated varieties of S. scrofa, kept for their fat and meat, called, respectively, lard and pork; swine; porker; specifically, a castrated boar; a barrow.

    * The domestic hogs of Siam, China, and parts of Southern Europe, are thought to have been derived from Sus Indicus.

  2. To cut short like bristles] as, to hog the mane of a horse.

    Smart.
  3. To become bent upward in the middle, like a hog's back; -- said of a ship broken or strained so as to have this form.
  4. A mean, filthy, or gluttonous fellow.

    [Low.]
  5. To scrub with a hog, or scrubbing broom.
  6. A young sheep that has not been shorn.

    [Eng.]
  7. A rough, flat scrubbing broom for scrubbing a ship's bottom under water.

    Totten.
  8. A device for mixing and stirring the pulp of which paper is made.

    Bush hog, Ground hog, etc.. See under Bush, Ground, etc. -- Hog caterpillar (Zoöl.), the larva of the green grapevine sphinx; -- so called because the head and first three segments are much smaller than those behind them, so as to make a resemblance to a hog's snout. See Hawk moth. -- Hog cholera, an epidemic contagious fever of swine, attended by liquid, fetid, diarrhea, and by the appearance on the skin and mucous membrane of spots and patches of a scarlet, purple, or black color. It is fatal in from one to six days, or ends in a slow, uncertain recovery. Law (Farmer's Veter. Adviser.) -- Hog deer (Zoöl.), the axis deer. -- Hog gum (Bot.), West Indian tree (Symphonia globulifera), yielding an aromatic gum. -- Hog of wool, the trade name for the fleece or wool of sheep of the second year. -- Hog peanut (Bot.), a kind of earth pea. -- Hog plum (Bot.), a tropical tree, of the genus Spondias (S. lutea), with fruit somewhat resembling plums, but chiefly eaten by hogs. It is found in the West Indies. -- Hog's bean (Bot.), the plant henbane. -- Hog's bread.(Bot.) See Sow bread. -- Hog's fennel. (Bot.) See under Fennel. -- Mexican hog (Zoöl.), the peccary. -- Water hog. (Zoöl.) See Capybara.

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Hog

HOG, noun

1. A swine; a general name of that species of animal.

2. In England, a castrated sheep of a year old.

3. A bullock of a year old.

4. A brutal fellow; one who is mean and filthy.

5. Among seamen, a sort of scrubbing-broom for scraping a ship's bottom under water.

HOG, verb transitive To scrape a ship's bottom under water.

1. To carry on the back. [Local.]

2. To cut the hair short, like the bristles of a hog [Local.]

HOG, verb intransitive To bend, so as to resemble in some degree a hog's back; as, a ship hogs in lanching.

Why 1828?

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It was one that Mary Baker Eddy used in her studies of Christian Science.

— cj (Prestonsburg, KY)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

competing

COMPETING, ppr. Striving in rivalry.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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