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Tuesday - March 26, 2019

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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which

WHICH, pron. relative or substitute. [I have not found this word in any other language. I think it may be from the root of quick. See What and Wight.]

1. A word called a relative or pronoun relative, because it relates to another word or thing, usually to some word that precedes it in the sentence. I call it also a substitute, as it supplies the place of a noun, or of an adjective, or of a sentence or clause. 1. The garden which I cultivate, that is , the garden, which garden I cultivate. 2. We are bound to obey all the divine commands, which we cannot do without divine aid. Here which represents the words, obey the divine commands. 3. You declared him to be innocent, which he is not. Here which stands for innocent. In the foregoing uses, which is not used int eh masculine gender, that is, it does not in modern usage represent a person.

2. Which is much used in asking questions, for the purpose of obtaining the designation of a particular person or thing by the answer, and in this use, it is of the masculine as well as of the neuter gender. There are two or three things to be done; which shall I do first? Which man is it?

Which of you convinceth me of sin? John 8.

For which of those works do ye stone me? John 10.

3. That which. Take which you will, that is, take any one of the whole.

The which, by the which. The use of the before which, is obsolete.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [which]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

WHICH, pron. relative or substitute. [I have not found this word in any other language. I think it may be from the root of quick. See What and Wight.]

1. A word called a relative or pronoun relative, because it relates to another word or thing, usually to some word that precedes it in the sentence. I call it also a substitute, as it supplies the place of a noun, or of an adjective, or of a sentence or clause. 1. The garden which I cultivate, that is , the garden, which garden I cultivate. 2. We are bound to obey all the divine commands, which we cannot do without divine aid. Here which represents the words, obey the divine commands. 3. You declared him to be innocent, which he is not. Here which stands for innocent. In the foregoing uses, which is not used int eh masculine gender, that is, it does not in modern usage represent a person.

2. Which is much used in asking questions, for the purpose of obtaining the designation of a particular person or thing by the answer, and in this use, it is of the masculine as well as of the neuter gender. There are two or three things to be done; which shall I do first? Which man is it?

Which of you convinceth me of sin? John 8.

For which of those works do ye stone me? John 10.

3. That which. Take which you will, that is, take any one of the whole.

The which, by the which. The use of the before which, is obsolete.

WHICH, pron. [If this is from the Saxon hwilc or hwylc, it is from the Gothic kweleiks, which coincides with the Latin qualis; D. welk, G. welche, welcher, Dan. hwilken, hwilket, Sw. hwilken. This is the probable origin of the word, and its true sense is that of the Latin quis, qualis, quicunque. In these senses it occurs in all Saxon books. Its proper use was as a pronoun of interrogation, “Hwylc man is of eow?” what man is there of you? Matth. vii, 9. “Hwylc is min modor?” who is my mother? Mark iii, 33. Its use for who, Saxon hwa, as in the Lord's prayer, “Our father which art in heaven,” is an improper application of the word. In its original sense it is used for all genders; as, which man, which woman, which thing? As an interrogative we still use it in this manner. Its use for who was of long continuance, but is happily discontinued; and our present practice accords with its original use in the Saxon.]

  1. A pronoun or word of interrogation, in all genders; as, which man is it? which woman was it? which is the house?
  2. In reference to things, or in the neuter gender, it is a relative referring to something before mentioned; as, “God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.” Gen. ii, 2. In some phrases, the relative may precede the noun to which it refers.
  3. Which, like other pronouns, may be used as a substitute for another word or for a sentence. “We are bound to obey all the divine commands, which we can not do without divine aid.” Here which is a substitute for obey all the divine commands. The man was said to be innocent, which he was not. Here which is a substitute for innocent.
  4. That which; those which; as, take which you will. The which, by the which, &c. are obsolete.

Which
  1. Of what sort or kind; what; what a; who.

    [Obs.]

    And which they weren and of what degree. Chaucer.

  2. A interrogative pronoun, used both substantively and adjectively, and in direct and indirect questions, to ask for, or refer to, an individual person or thing among several of a class; as, which man is it? which woman was it? which is the house? he asked which route he should take; which is best, to live or to die? See the Note under What, pron., 1.

    Which of you convinceth me of sin? John viii. 46.

  3. A relative pronoun, used esp. in referring to an antecedent noun or clause, but sometimes with reference to what is specified or implied in a sentence, or to a following noun or clause (generally involving a reference, however, to something which has preceded). It is used in all numbers and genders, and was formerly used of persons.

    And when thou fail'st -- as God forbid the hour! --
    Must Edward fall, which peril heaven forfend!
    Shak.

    God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. ii. 2.

    Our Father, which art in heaven. Matt. vi. 9.

    The temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. 1 Cor. iii. 17.

  4. A compound relative or indefinite pronoun, standing for any one which, whichever, that which, those which, the . . . which, and the like; as, take which you will.

    * The which was formerly often used for which. The expressions which that, which as, were also sometimes used by way of emphasis.

    Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? James ii. 7.

    * Which, referring to a series of preceding sentences, or members of a sentence, may have all joined to it adjectively. "All which, as a method of a proclamation, is very convenient." Carlyle.

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Which

WHICH, pronoun relative or substitute. [I have not found this word in any other language. I think it may be from the root of quick. See What and Wight.]

1. A word called a relative or pronoun relative, because it relates to another word or thing, usually to some word that precedes it in the sentence. I call it also a substitute, as it supplies the place of a noun, or of an adjective, or of a sentence or clause. 1. The garden which I cultivate, that is , the garden, which garden I cultivate. 2. We are bound to obey all the divine commands, which we cannot do without divine aid. Here which represents the words, obey the divine commands. 3. You declared him to be innocent, which he is not. Here which stands for innocent. In the foregoing uses, which is not used in the masculine gender, that is, it does not in modern usage represent a person.

2. which is much used in asking questions, for the purpose of obtaining the designation of a particular person or thing by the answer, and in this use, it is of the masculine as well as of the neuter gender. There are two or three things to be done; which shall I do first? which man is it?

WHICH of you convinceth me of sin? John 8:9.

For which of those works do ye stone me? John 10:6.

3. That which Take which you will, that is, take any one of the whole.

The which by the which The use of the before which is obsolete.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

graveled

GRAV'ELED, pp. Covered with gravel; stopped; embarrassed; injured by gravel.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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