VAIN, a. [L. vanus; Eng. wan, wane, want.]

1. Empty; worthless; having no substance, value or importance. 1Peter 1.

To your vain answer will you have recourse.

Every man walketh in a vain show. Ps. 39.

Why do the people imagine a vain thing? Ps. 2.

2. Fruitless; ineffectual. All attempts, all efforts were vain.

Vain is the force of man.

3. Proud of petty things, or of trifling attainments; elated with a high opinion of one's own accomplishments, or with things more showy than valuable; conceited.

The minstrels play'd on every side, vain of their art -

4. Empty; unreal; as a vain chimers.

5. Showy; ostentatious.

Load some vain church with old theatric state.

6. Light; inconstant; worthless. Prov. 12.

7. Empty; unsatisfying. The pleasures of life are vain.

8. False; deceitful; not genuine; spurious. James 1.

9. Not effectual; having no efficacy

Bring no more vain oblations. Is. 1.

In vain, to no purpose; without effect; ineffectual.

In vain they do worship me. Matt. 15.

To take the name of God in vain, to use the name of God with levity or profaneness.