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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [toll]

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toll

TOLL, n. [Gr. toll, custom, and end, exit, from cutting off; Eng. dole; diolam, to sell, to exchange, to pay toll. This is from the root of deal. See Deal.]

1. A tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market or the like.

2. A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor.

3. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.

TOLL, v.i. To pay toll or tallage.

1. To take toll, as by a miller.

TOLL, v.i. To sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person.

Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell.

TOLL, v.t. [supra.] To cause a bell to sound with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated, as for summoning public bodies or religious congregations to their meetings, or for announcing the death of a person, or to give solemnity to a funeral. Tolling is a different thing from ringing.

TOLL, v.t. [L. tollo.] To take away; to vacate; to annul; a law term.

1. To draw. [See Tole.]

TOLL, n. A particular sounding of a bell.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [toll]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

TOLL, n. [Gr. toll, custom, and end, exit, from cutting off; Eng. dole; diolam, to sell, to exchange, to pay toll. This is from the root of deal. See Deal.]

1. A tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market or the like.

2. A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor.

3. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.

TOLL, v.i. To pay toll or tallage.

1. To take toll, as by a miller.

TOLL, v.i. To sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person.

Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell.

TOLL, v.t. [supra.] To cause a bell to sound with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated, as for summoning public bodies or religious congregations to their meetings, or for announcing the death of a person, or to give solemnity to a funeral. Tolling is a different thing from ringing.

TOLL, v.t. [L. tollo.] To take away; to vacate; to annul; a law term.

1. To draw. [See Tole.]

TOLL, n. A particular sounding of a bell.


TOLL, n.1 [Sax. toll; D. tol; Sw. tull; Dan. told; G. zoll; W. toll, a fraction, a toll; toli and toliaw, to curtail, to diminish, to take away, to spare or save, to deal out, from tawl, a throw, a casting off, a separation, a cutting off; tolli, from toll, to subtract, to take toll; Gr. τελος, toll, custom, and end, exit, from cutting off; Fr. tailler, to cut off, (see Tail;) Ir. deilim, to separate; dail, a share, Eng. dole; diolam, to sell, to exchange, to pay toll. This is from the root of deal. See Deal, Sax. bedælan. Class Dl, No. 12.]

  1. A tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market or the like.
  2. A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor. Cyc.
  3. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.

TOLL, n.2

A particular sounding of a bell.


TOLL, v.i.1

  1. To pay toll or tallage. Shak.
  2. To take toll, as by a miller. Tusser.

TOLL, v.i.2 [W. tol, tolo, a loud sound, a din; Pers. قَاليدَنْ talidan, to sound, to ring. We see that W. tawl, supra, is a throw or cast, a driving, and this is the radical sense of sound.]

To sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person. Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell. Pope.


TOLL, v.t.1 [supra.]

To cause a bell to sound with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated, as for summoning pubic bodies or religious congregations to their meetings, or for announcing the death of a person, or to give solemnity to a funeral. Tolling is a different thing from ringing.


TOLL, v.t.2 [L. tollo.]

  1. To take away; to vacate; to annul; a law term.
  2. To draw. [See Tole.] Bacon.

Toll
  1. To take away; to vacate; to annul.
  2. To draw; to entice; to allure. See Tole.
  3. To sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person.

    The country cocks do crow, the clocks do toll. Shak.

    Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell. Pope.

  4. The sound of a bell produced by strokes slowly and uniformly repeated.
  5. A tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market, or the like.
  6. To pay toll or tallage.

    [R.] Shak.
  7. To collect, as a toll.

    Shak.
  8. To cause to sound, as a bell, with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated; as, to toll the funeral bell.

    "The sexton tolled the bell." Hood.
  9. A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor.
  10. To take toll; to raise a tax.

    [R.]

    Well could he [the miller] steal corn and toll thrice. Chaucer.

    No Italian priest
    Shall tithe or toll in our dominions.
    Shak.

  11. To strike, or to indicate by striking, as the hour; to ring a toll for; as, to toll a departed friend.

    Shak.

    Slow tolls the village clock the drowsy hour. Beattie.

  12. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.

    Toll and team (O. Eng. Law), the privilege of having a market, and jurisdiction of villeins. Burrill. -- Toll bar, a bar or beam used on a canal for stopping boats at the tollhouse, or on a road for stopping passengers. -- Toll bridge, a bridge where toll is paid for passing over it. -- Toll corn, corn taken as pay for grinding at a mill. -- Toll dish, a dish for measuring toll in mills. -- Toll gatherer, a man who takes, or gathers, toll. -- Toll hop, a toll dish. [Obs.] Crabb. -- Toll thorough (Eng. Law), toll taken by a town for beasts driven through it, or over a bridge or ferry maintained at its cost. Brande & C. -- Toll traverse (Eng. Law), toll taken by an individual for beasts driven across his ground] toll paid by a person for passing over the private ground, bridge, ferry, or the like, of another. -- Toll turn (Eng. Law), a toll paid at the return of beasts from market, though they were not sold. Burrill.

    Syn. -- Tax; custom; duty; impost.

  13. To call, summon, or notify, by tolling or ringing.

    When hollow murmurs of their evening bells
    Dismiss the sleepy swains, and toll them to their cells.
    Dryden.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Toll

TOLL, noun [Gr. toll custom, and end, exit, from cutting off; Eng. dole; diolam, to sell, to exchange, to pay toll This is from the root of deal. See Deal.]

1. A tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market or the like.

2. A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor.

3. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.

TOLL, verb intransitive To pay toll or tallage.

1. To take toll as by a miller.

TOLL, verb intransitive To sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person.

Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell.

TOLL, verb transitive [supra.] To cause a bell to sound with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated, as for summoning public bodies or religious congregations to their meetings, or for announcing the death of a person, or to give solemnity to a funeral. Tolling is a different thing from ringing.

TOLL, verb transitive [Latin tollo.] To take away; to vacate; to annul; a law term.

1. To draw. [See Tole.]

TOLL, noun A particular sounding of a bell.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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GOV'ERNED, pp. Directed; regulated by authority; controlled; managed; influenced; restrained.

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