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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [test]

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test

TEST, n. [L. testa, an earthen pot.]

1. In metallurgy, a large cupel, or a vessel in the nature of a cupel, formed of wood ashes and finely powdered brick dust, in which metals are melted for trial and refinement.

2. Trial; examination by the cupel; hence, any critical trial and examination.

Thy virtue, prince, has stood the test of fortune.

Like purest gold--

3. Means of trial.

Each test and every light her muse will bear.

4. That with which any thing is compared for proof of its genuineness; a standard.

--Life, force and beauty must of all impart,

At once the source, the end and test of art.

5. Discriminative characteristic; standard.

Our test excludes your tribe from benefit.

6. Judgment; distinction.

Who would excel, when few can make a test

Betwixt indifferent writing and the best?

7. In chimistry, a substance employed to detect any unknown constituent of a compound, by causing it to exhibit some known property. Thus ammonia is a test of copper, because it strikes a blue color with that metal, by which a minute quantity of it can be discovered when in combination with other substances.

TEST, n. [L. testis, a witness, properly one that affirms.]

In England, an oath and declaration against transubstantiation, which all officers, civil and military, are obliged to take within six months after their admission. They were formerly obliged also to receive the sacrament, according to the usage of the church of England. These requisitions are made by Stat. 25 Charles II. which is called the test act. The test of 7 Jac.1. was removed in 1753.

TEST, v.t. To compare with a standard; to try; to prove the truth or genuineness of any thing by experiment or by some fixed principle or standard; as, to test the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument.

The true way of testing its character, is to suppose it [the system] will be persevered in.

Experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution.

To test this position--

In order to test the correctness of this system--

This expedient has been already tested.

1. To attest and date; as a writing tested on such a day.

2. In metallurgy, to refine gold or silver by means of lead, in a test, by the destruction, vitrification or scarification of all extraneous matter.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [test]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

TEST, n. [L. testa, an earthen pot.]

1. In metallurgy, a large cupel, or a vessel in the nature of a cupel, formed of wood ashes and finely powdered brick dust, in which metals are melted for trial and refinement.

2. Trial; examination by the cupel; hence, any critical trial and examination.

Thy virtue, prince, has stood the test of fortune.

Like purest gold--

3. Means of trial.

Each test and every light her muse will bear.

4. That with which any thing is compared for proof of its genuineness; a standard.

--Life, force and beauty must of all impart,

At once the source, the end and test of art.

5. Discriminative characteristic; standard.

Our test excludes your tribe from benefit.

6. Judgment; distinction.

Who would excel, when few can make a test

Betwixt indifferent writing and the best?

7. In chimistry, a substance employed to detect any unknown constituent of a compound, by causing it to exhibit some known property. Thus ammonia is a test of copper, because it strikes a blue color with that metal, by which a minute quantity of it can be discovered when in combination with other substances.

TEST, n. [L. testis, a witness, properly one that affirms.]

In England, an oath and declaration against transubstantiation, which all officers, civil and military, are obliged to take within six months after their admission. They were formerly obliged also to receive the sacrament, according to the usage of the church of England. These requisitions are made by Stat. 25 Charles II. which is called the test act. The test of 7 Jac.1. was removed in 1753.

TEST, v.t. To compare with a standard; to try; to prove the truth or genuineness of any thing by experiment or by some fixed principle or standard; as, to test the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument.

The true way of testing its character, is to suppose it [the system] will be persevered in.

Experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution.

To test this position--

In order to test the correctness of this system--

This expedient has been already tested.

1. To attest and date; as a writing tested on such a day.

2. In metallurgy, to refine gold or silver by means of lead, in a test, by the destruction, vitrification or scarification of all extraneous matter.

TEST, n.1 [L. testa, an earthen pot; It. testa or testo; Fr. tĂȘt.]

  1. In metallurgy, a large cupel, or a vessel in the nature of a cupel, formed of wood ashes and finely powdered brick dust, in which metals are melted for trial and refinement. Cyc.
  2. Trial; examination by the cupel; hence, any critical trial and examination. Thy virtue, prince, has stood the test of fortune / Like purest gold. Addison.
  3. Means of trial. Each test and every light her muse will bear. Dryden.
  4. That with which any thing is compared for proof of its genuineness; a standard. Life, force and beauty must to all impart, / At once the source, the end and test of art. Pope.
  5. Discriminative characteristic; standard. Our test excludes your tribe from benefit. Dryden.
  6. Judgment; distinction. Who would excel, when few can make a test / Betwixt indifferent writing and the best? Dryden.
  7. In chimistry, a substance employed to detect any unknown constituent of a compound, by causing it to exhibit some known property. Thus ammonia is a test of copper, because it strikes a blue color with that metal, by which a minute quantity of it can be discovered when in combination with other substances. D. Olmsted.

TEST, n.2 [L. testis, a witness, properly one that affirms.]

In England, an oath and declaration against transubstantiation, which all officers, civil and military, are obliged to take within six months after their admission. They were formerly obliged also to receive the sacrament, according to the usage of the Church of England. These requisitions are made by Stat. 25 Charles II. which is called the test act. The test of 7 Jac. I. was removed in 1753. Blackstone.


TEST, v.t.

  1. To compare with a standard; to try; to prove the truth or genuineness of any thing by experiment or by some fixed principle or standard; as, to test the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument. The true way of testing its character, is to suppose it [the system] will be persevered in. Edin. Review. Experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution. Washington's Address. To test this position. Hamilton, Rep. In order to test the correctness of this system. Adams' Lect. This expedient has been already tested. Walsh, Rec.
  2. To attest and date; as, a writing tested on such a day.
  3. In metallurgy, to refine gold or silver by means of lead, in a test, by the destruction, vitrification or scorification of all extraneous matter.

Test
  1. A cupel or cupelling hearth in which precious metals are melted for trial and refinement.

    Our ingots, tests, and many mo. Chaucer.

  2. To refine, as gold or silver, in a test, or cupel] to subject to cupellation.
  3. A witness.

    [Obs.]

    Prelates and great lords of England, who were for the more surety tests of that deed. Ld. Berners.

  4. To make a testament, or will.

    [Obs.]
  5. The external hard or firm covering of many invertebrate animals.

    * The test of crustaceans and insects is composed largely of chitin; in mollusks it is composed chiefly of calcium carbonate, and is called the shell.

  6. Examination or trial by the cupel; hence, any critical examination or decisive trial; as, to put a man's assertions to a test.

    "Bring me to the test." Shak.
  7. To put to the proof; to prove the truth, genuineness, or quality of by experiment, or by some principle or standard; to try; as, to test the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument.

    Experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution. Washington.

  8. The outer integument of a seed; the episperm, or spermoderm.
  9. Means of trial; as, absence is a test of love.

    Each test every light her muse will bear. Dryden.

  10. To examine or try, as by the use of some reagent; as, to test a solution by litmus paper.

  11. That with which anything is compared for proof of its genuineness; a touchstone; a standard.

    Life, force, and beauty must to all impart,
    At once the source, and end, and test of art.
    Pope.

  12. Discriminative characteristic; standard of judgment; ground of admission or exclusion.

    Our test excludes your tribe from benefit. Dryden.

  13. Judgment; distinction; discrimination.

    Who would excel, when few can make a test
    Betwixt indifferent writing and the best?
    Dryden.

  14. A reaction employed to recognize or distinguish any particular substance or constituent of a compound, as the production of some characteristic precipitate; also, the reagent employed to produce such reaction; thus, the ordinary test for sulphuric acid is the production of a white insoluble precipitate of barium sulphate by means of some soluble barium salt.

    Test act (Eng. Law), an act of the English Parliament prescribing a form of oath and declaration against transubstantiation, which all officers, civil and military, were formerly obliged to take within six months after their admission to office. They were obliged also to receive the sacrament according to the usage of the Church of England. Blackstone. -- Test object (Optics), an object which tests the power or quality of a microscope or telescope, by requiring a certain degree of excellence in the instrument to determine its existence or its peculiar texture or markings. -- Test paper. (a) (Chem.) Paper prepared for use in testing for certain substances by being saturated with a reagent which changes color in some specific way when acted upon by those substances; thus, litmus paper is turned red by acids, and blue by alkalies, turmeric paper is turned brown by alkalies, etc. (b) (Law) An instrument admitted as a standard or comparison of handwriting in those jurisdictions in which comparison of hands is permitted as a mode of proving handwriting. -- Test tube. (Chem.) (a) A simple tube of thin glass, closed at one end, for heating solutions and for performing ordinary reactions. (b) A graduated tube.

    Syn. -- Criterion; standard; experience; proof; experiment; trial. -- Test, Trial. Trial is the wider term; test is a searching and decisive trial. It is derived from the Latin testa (earthen pot), which term was early applied to the fining pot, or crucible, in which metals are melted for trial and refinement. Hence the peculiar force of the word, as indicating a trial or criterion of the most decisive kind.

    I leave him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his commediation. Shak.

    Thy virtue, prince, has stood the test of fortune,
    Like purest gold, that tortured in the furnace,
    Comes out more bright, and brings forth all its weight.
    Addison.

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Test

TEST, noun [Latin testa, an earthen pot.]

1. In metallurgy, a large cupel, or a vessel in the nature of a cupel, formed of wood ashes and finely powdered brick dust, in which metals are melted for trial and refinement.

2. Trial; examination by the cupel; hence, any critical trial and examination.

Thy virtue, prince, has stood the test of fortune.

Like purest gold--

3. Means of trial.

Each test and every light her muse will bear.

4. That with which any thing is compared for proof of its genuineness; a standard.

--Life, force and beauty must of all impart,

At once the source, the end and test of art.

5. Discriminative characteristic; standard.

Our test excludes your tribe from benefit.

6. Judgment; distinction.

Who would excel, when few can make a test

Betwixt indifferent writing and the best?

7. In chimistry, a substance employed to detect any unknown constituent of a compound, by causing it to exhibit some known property. Thus ammonia is a test of copper, because it strikes a blue color with that metal, by which a minute quantity of it can be discovered when in combination with other substances.

TEST, noun [Latin testis, a witness, properly one that affirms.]

In England, an oath and declaration against transubstantiation, which all officers, civil and military, are obliged to take within six months after their admission. They were formerly obliged also to receive the sacrament, according to the usage of the church of England. These requisitions are made by Stat. 25 Charles II. which is called the test act. The test of 7 Jac.1. was removed in 1753.

TEST, verb transitive To compare with a standard; to try; to prove the truth or genuineness of any thing by experiment or by some fixed principle or standard; as, to test the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument.

The true way of testing its character, is to suppose it [the system] will be persevered in.

Experience is the surest standard by which to test the real tendency of the existing constitution.

To test this position--

In order to test the correctness of this system--

This expedient has been already tested.

1. To attest and date; as a writing tested on such a day.

2. In metallurgy, to refine gold or silver by means of lead, in a test by the destruction, vitrification or scarification of all extraneous matter.

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Because I think it has stronger definitions for important words like "Courage" so I would like to use it for all dictionary searches.

— Lizzie (Anonymous, PA)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

that

THAT, an adjective, pronoun or substitute.

1. That is a word used as a definitive adjective, pointing to a certain person or thing before mentioned, or supposed to be understood. "Here is that book we have been seeking this hour." "Here goes that man we were talking of."

It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city. Matt.10.

2. That is used definitively, to designate a specific thing or person emphatically.

The woman was made whole from that hour. Matt.9.

In these cases, that is an adjective. In the two first examples,the may be substituted for it. "Here is the book we have been seeking." "Here goes the man we were talking of." But in other cases, the cannot supply its place, and that may be considered as more emphatically definite than the.

3. That is used as the representative of a noun, either a person or a thing. In this use, it is often a pronoun and a relative. When it refers to persons, it is equivalent to who, and when it refers to a thing, it is equivalent to which. In this use, it represents either the singular number or the plural.

He that reproveth a scorner, getteth to himself shame. Prov.9.

They that hate me without a cause, are more than the hairs of my head. Ps.63.

A judgment that is equal and impartial, must incline to the greater probabilities.

They shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend. Matt.13.

4. That is also the representative of a sentence or part of a sentence, and often of a series of sentences. In this case, that is not strictly a pronoun, a word standing for a noun; but is, so to speak, a pro-sentence, the substitute for a sentence, to save the repetition of it.

And when Moses heard that, he was content. Lev.10.

That here stands for the whole of what Aaron had said, or the whole of the preceding verse.

I will know your business,that I will.

Ye defraud, and that your brethren. 1 Cor.6.

That sometimes in this use, precedes the sentence or clause to which it refers.

That be far from thee, to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked. Gen.18.

That here represents the clause in italics.

5. That sometimes is the substitute for an adjective. You allege that the man is innocent; that he is not.

6. That, in the following use, has been called a conjunction. "I heard that the Greeks had defeated the Turks." But in this case, that has the same character as in No.4. It is the representative of the part of the sentence which follows, as may be seen by inverting the order of the clauses. "The Greeks had defeated the Turks; I heard that." "It is not that I love you less." That here refers to the latter clause of the sentence, as a kind of demonstrative.

7. That was formerly used for that which, like what.

We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen. John 3. [This use is no longer held legitimate.]

8. That is used in opposition to this, or by way of distinction.

9. When this and that refer to foregoing words, this, like the Latin hie, and French ceci, refers to the latter, and that to the former. It is the same with these and those.

Self-love and reason to one end aspire,

Pain their aversion, pleasure their desire,

But greedy that, its object would devour,

This taste the honey, and not wound the flow'r.

10. That sometimes introduces an explanation of something going before. "Religion consists in living up to those principles; that is, in acting in conformity to them." Here that refers to the whole first clause of the sentence.

11. "Things are preached, not in that they are taught, but in that they are published." Here that refers to the words which follow it.

So when that begins a sentence, "That we may fully understand the subject, let us consider the following propositions." That denotes purpose, or rather introduces the clause expressing purposes, as will appear by restoring the sentence to its natural order. "Let us consider the following propositions, that, [for the purpose expressed in the following clause,] we may fully understand the subject." "Attend that you may receive instruction;" that referring to the last member.

In that, a phrase denoting consequence, cause or reason; that referring to the following sentence.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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