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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [temperament]

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temperament

TEM'PERAMENT, n. [L. temperamentum.]

1. Constitution; state with respect to the predominance of any quality; as the temperament of the body.

Bodies are denominated hot and cold, in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied.

2. Medium; due mixture of different qualities.

The common law--has reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament.

3. In music, temperament is an operation which, by means of a slight alteration in the intervals, causes the difference between two contiguous sounds to disappear, and makes each of them appear identical with the other.

Temperament is the accommodation or adjustment of the imperfect sounds, by transferring a part of their defects to the more perfect ones, to remedy in part the false intervals of instruments of fixed sounds, as the organ, harpsichord, forte piano, &c.

The harshness of a given concord increases with the temperament.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [temperament]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

TEM'PERAMENT, n. [L. temperamentum.]

1. Constitution; state with respect to the predominance of any quality; as the temperament of the body.

Bodies are denominated hot and cold, in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied.

2. Medium; due mixture of different qualities.

The common law--has reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament.

3. In music, temperament is an operation which, by means of a slight alteration in the intervals, causes the difference between two contiguous sounds to disappear, and makes each of them appear identical with the other.

Temperament is the accommodation or adjustment of the imperfect sounds, by transferring a part of their defects to the more perfect ones, to remedy in part the false intervals of instruments of fixed sounds, as the organ, harpsichord, forte piano, &c.

The harshness of a given concord increases with the temperament.

TEM'PER-A-MENT, n. [Fr., from L. temperamentum.]

  1. Constitution; state with respect to the predominance of any quality; as, the temperament of the body. Bodies are denominated hot and cold, in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied. Locke.
  2. Medium; due mixture of different qualities. The common last – has reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament. Hale.
  3. In music, temperament is an operation which, by means of a slight alteration in the intervals, causes the difference between two contiguous sounds to disappear, and makes each of them appear identical with the other. Rousseau. Temperament is the accommodation or adjustment of the imperfect sounds, by transferring a part of their defects to the more perfect ones, to remedy in part the false intervals of instruments of fixed sounds, as the organ, harpsichord, forte piano, &c. Busby. The harshness of a given concord increases with the temperament. Prof. Fisher.

Tem"per*a*ment
  1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts.

    The common law . . . has reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament. Sir M. Hale.

  2. Due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by mutual compromises or concessions.

    [Obs.]

    However, I forejudge not any probable expedient, any temperament that can be found in things of this nature, so disputable on their side. Milton.

  3. The act of tempering or modifying; adjustment, as of clashing rules, interests, passions, or the like; also, the means by which such adjustment is effected.

    Wholesome temperaments of the rashness of popular assemblies. Sir J. Mackintosh.

  4. Condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature.

    [Obs.]

    Bodies are denominated "hot" and "cold" in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied. Locke.

  5. A system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave. This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C***sharp] becoming identical with D***flat], and so on.
  6. The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament.

    Equal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations from mathematically true pitch are distributed among all the keys alike. -- Unequal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations are thrown into the keys least used.

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Temperament

TEM'PERAMENT, noun [Latin temperamentum.]

1. Constitution; state with respect to the predominance of any quality; as the temperament of the body.

Bodies are denominated hot and cold, in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied.

2. Medium; due mixture of different qualities.

The common law--has reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament

3. In music, temperament is an operation which, by means of a slight alteration in the intervals, causes the difference between two contiguous sounds to disappear, and makes each of them appear identical with the other.

Temperament is the accommodation or adjustment of the imperfect sounds, by transferring a part of their defects to the more perfect ones, to remedy in part the false intervals of instruments of fixed sounds, as the organ, harpsichord, forte piano, etc.

The harshness of a given concord increases with the temperament

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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frecklefaced

FRECK'LEFACED, a. Having a face full of freckles.

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