TAKE, v.t. pret. took; pp. taken. [L. doceo. This word seems to be allied to think, for we say, I think a thing to be so, or I take
it to be so. It seems also to be allied to Sax.teogan, to draw, to tug, L. duco; for we say, to take a likeness, and to draw a likeness. We use taking also for engaging, attracting. We say, a child takes to his mother or nurse, and a man takes to drink; which seem to include attaching and holding. We observe that take and teach are radically the same word.]
10. To exact and receive.
11. To employ; to occupy. The prudent man always takes time for deliberation, before he passes judgment.
12. To agree to; to close in with; to comply with.
13. To form and adopt; as, to take a resolution.
14. To catch; to embrace; to seize; as, to take one by the hand; to take in the arms.
15. To admit; to receive as an impression; to suffer; as, to take a form or shape.
16. To obtain by active exertion; as, to take revenge or satisfaction for an injury.
17. To receive; to receive into the mind.
18. To swallow, as meat or drink; as, to take food; to take a glass of wine.
19. To swallow, as medicine; as, to take pills; to take stimulants.
20. To choose; to elect. Take which you please. But the sense of choosing, in this phrase, is derived from the connection of take with please. So we say, take your choice.
21. To copy.
22. To fasten on; to seize. The frost has taken the corn; the worms have taken the vines.
23. To accept; not to refuse. He offered me a fee, but I would not take it.
24. To adopt.
25. To admit.
26. To receive, as any temper or disposition of mind; as, to take shame to one's self; to take delight; to take pride or pleasure.
27. To endure; to bear without resentment; or to submit to without attempting to obtain satisfaction. He will take an affront from no man. Cannot you take a jest?
28. To draw; to deduce.
29. To assume; as, I take the liberty to say.
30. To allow; to admit; to receive as true, or not disputed; as, to take a thing for granted.
31. To suppose; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand. This I take to be the man's motive.
32. To seize; to invade; as, to be taken with a fever.
33. To have recourse to; as, the sparrow takes a bush; the cat takes a tree. [In this sense, we usually say, the bird takes to a bush, the squirrel takes to a tree.]
34. To receive into the mind.
35. To hire; to rent; to obtain possession on lease; as, to take a house or farm for a year.
36. To admit in copulation.
37. To draw; to copy; to paint a likeness; as a likeness taken by Reynolds.
38. To conquer and cause to surrender; to gain possession of by force or capitulation; as, to take an army, a city or a ship.
39. To be discovered or detected. He was taken in the very act.
40. To require or be necessary. It takes so much cloth to make a coat.
To take away, to deprive of; to bereave; as a bill for taking away the votes of bishops.
To take care, to be careful; to be solicitous for.
To take care of, to superintend or oversee; to have the charge of keeping or securing.
To take a course, to resort to; to have recourse to measures.
To take one's own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue the measures of one's own choice.
To take down, to reduce; to bring lower; to depress; as, to take down pride, or the proud.
To take from, to deprive of.
To take heed, to be careful or cautious.
To take heed to, to attend to with care. Take heed to thy ways.
To take hold, to seize; to fix on.take in, to inclose; to fence.
To take in hand, to undertake; to attempt to execute any thing. Luke 1.
To take notice, to observe; or to observe with particular attention.
To take oath, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial manner.
To take off, to remove, in various ways; to remove from the top of any thing; as, to take off a load; to take off one's hat, &c.
To take off from, to lessen; to remove in part. This takes off from the deformity of vice.
To take order with, to check. [Not much used.]
To take out, to remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct.
To take part, to share. Take part in our rejoicing.
To take part with, to unite with; to join with.
To take place, to happen; to come, or come to pass.
To have effect; to prevail.
To take effect, to have the intended effect; to be efficacious.
To take root, to live and grow; as a plant.
To take up, to lift; to raise.
10. To occupy; to fill; as, to take up a great deal of room.
11. To assume; to carry on or manage for another; as, to take up the quarrels of our neighbors.
12. To comprise; to include.
13. To adopt; to assume; as, to take up current opinions.
14. To collect; to exact a tax.
15. To pay and receive; as, to take up a note at the bank.
To take up arms,
To take arms, To begin war; to begin resistance by force.
To take upon, to assume; to undertake. He takes upon himself to assert that the fact is capable of proof.
take side, to join one of two differing parties; to take an interest in one party.
To take to heart, to be sensibly affected by; to feel any thing sensibly.
To take advantage of, to catch by surprise; or to make use of a favorable state of things to the prejudice of another.
To take the advantage of, to use any advantage offered.
To take air, to be divulged or made public; to be disclosed; as a secret.
To take the air, to expose one's self to the open air.
To take a course, to begin a certain direction or way of proceeding.
To take leave, to bid adieu or farewell.
To take breath, to rest; to be recruited or refreshed.
To take aim, to direct the eye or a weapon to a particular object.
To take along, to carry, lead or convey.
To take a way, to begin a particular course or direction.
TAKE, v.i. To move or direct the course; to resort to, or to attach one's self; to betake one's self. The fox being hard pressed took to the hedge. My friend has left his music and taken to books.
To take after, to learn to follow; to copy; to imitate; as, he takes after a good pattern.
To take in with, to resort to.
To take for, to mistake; to suppose or think one thing to be another.
take on, to be violently affected; as, the child takes on at a great rate.
To take to, to apply to; to be fond of; to become attached to; as, to take to books; to take to evil practices.
To take up, to stop.
To take up with, to be contented to receive; to receive without opposition; as, to take up with plain fare.
To take with, to please. The proposal takes well with him.