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Tuesday - November 24, 2020

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [spoil]

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spoil

SPOIL, v.t. [L., to pull asunder, to tear, to strip, to peel.]

1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to rob; with of; as, to spoil one of his goods or possessions.

My sons their old unhappy sire despise, Spoild of his kingdom, and deprivd of eyes.

2. To seize by violence; to take by force; as, to spoil ones goods.

This mount with all his verdure spoild--

3. To corrupt; to cause to decay and perish. Heat and moisture will soon spoil vegetable and animal substances.

4. To corrupt; to vitiate; to mar.

Spiritual pride spoils many graces.

5. To ruin; to destroy. Our crops are sometimes spoiled by insects.

6. To render useless by injury; as, to spoil paper by wetting it.

7. To injure fatally; as, to spoil the eyes by reading.

SPOIL, v.i.

1. To practice plunder or robbery.

--Outlaws which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil.

2. To decay; to lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather. Grain will spoil, if gathered when wet or moist.

SPOIL, n. [L.]

1. That which is taken from others by violence; particularly in war, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

2. That which is gained by strength or effort.

Each science and each art his spoil.

3. That which is taken from another without license.

Gentle gales fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole their balmy spoils.

4. The act or practice of plundering; robbery; waste.

The man that hath not music in himself, nor is not movd with concord of sweet sounds, is fit for treason, stratagems and spoils.

5. Corruption; cause of corruption.

Villainous company hath been the spoil of me.

6. The slough or cast skin of a serpent or other animal.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [spoil]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

SPOIL, v.t. [L., to pull asunder, to tear, to strip, to peel.]

1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to rob; with of; as, to spoil one of his goods or possessions.

My sons their old unhappy sire despise, Spoild of his kingdom, and deprivd of eyes.

2. To seize by violence; to take by force; as, to spoil ones goods.

This mount with all his verdure spoild--

3. To corrupt; to cause to decay and perish. Heat and moisture will soon spoil vegetable and animal substances.

4. To corrupt; to vitiate; to mar.

Spiritual pride spoils many graces.

5. To ruin; to destroy. Our crops are sometimes spoiled by insects.

6. To render useless by injury; as, to spoil paper by wetting it.

7. To injure fatally; as, to spoil the eyes by reading.

SPOIL, v.i.

1. To practice plunder or robbery.

--Outlaws which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil.

2. To decay; to lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather. Grain will spoil, if gathered when wet or moist.

SPOIL, n. [L.]

1. That which is taken from others by violence; particularly in war, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

2. That which is gained by strength or effort.

Each science and each art his spoil.

3. That which is taken from another without license.

Gentle gales fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole their balmy spoils.

4. The act or practice of plundering; robbery; waste.

The man that hath not music in himself, nor is not movd with concord of sweet sounds, is fit for treason, stratagems and spoils.

5. Corruption; cause of corruption.

Villainous company hath been the spoil of me.

6. The slough or cast skin of a serpent or other animal.

SPOIL, n. [L. spolium.]

  1. That which is taken from others by violence; particularly in war, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.
  2. That which is gained by strength or effort. Each science and each art his spoil. – Bentley.
  3. That which is taken from another without license. Gentle gales / Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense / Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole / Their balmy spoils. – Milton.
  4. The act or practice of plundering; robbery; waste. The man that hath not music in himself, / Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, / Is fit for treason, stratagems and spoils. – Shak.
  5. Corruption; cause of corruption. Villainous company hath been the spoil of me. – Shak.
  6. The slough or cast skin of a serpent or other animal. – Bacon.

SPOIL, v.i.

To practice plunder or robbery. Outlaws, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil. – Spenser. To decay; to lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather. Grain will spoil if gathered when wet or moist.


SPOIL, v.t. [Fr. spolier; It. spogliare; L. spolio; W. yspeiliaw. The sense is probably to pull asunder, to tear, to strip; coinciding with L. vello, or with peel, or with both. See Class Bl, No. 7, 8, 15, 32.]

  1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to rob; with of; as, to spoil one of his goods or possessions. My sons their old unhappy sire despise, / Spoil'd of his kingdom, and depriv'd of his eyes. – Pope.
  2. To seize by violence; to take by force; as, to spoil one's goods. This mount / With all his verdure spoil'd. – Milton.
  3. [Sax. spillan.] To corrupt; to cause to decay and perish. Heat and moisture will soon spoil vegetable and animal substances.
  4. To corrupt; to vitiate; to mar. Spiritual pride spoils many graces. – Taylor.
  5. To ruin; to destroy. Our crops are sometimes spoiled by insects.
  6. To render useless by injury; as, to spoil paper by wetting it.
  7. To injure fatally; as, to spoil the eyes by reading.

Spoil
  1. To plunder] to strip by violence; to pillage; to rob; -- with of before the name of the thing taken; as, to spoil one of his goods or possession.

    "Ye shall spoil the Egyptians." Ex. iii. 22.

    My sons their old, unhappy sire despise,
    Spoiled of his kingdom, and deprived of eues.
    Pope.

  2. To practice plunder or robbery.

    Outlaws, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil. Spenser.

  3. That which is taken from another by violence; especially, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

    Gentle gales,
    Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense
    Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole
    Those balmy spoils.
    Milton.

  4. To seize by violence;; to take by force; to plunder.

    No man can enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he will first bind the strong man. Mark iii. 27.

  5. To lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; to decay; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather.
  6. Public offices and their emoluments regarded as the peculiar property of a successful party or faction, to be bestowed for its own advantage; -- commonly in the plural; as to the victor belong the spoils.

    From a principle of gratitude I adhered to the coalition; my vote was counted in the day of battle, but I was overlooked in the division of the spoil. Gibbon.

  7. To cause to decay and perish; to corrput; to vitiate; to mar.

    Spiritual pride spoils many graces. Jer. Taylor.

  8. That which is gained by strength or effort.

    each science and each art his spoil. Bentley.

  9. To render useless by injury; to injure fatally; to ruin; to destroy; as, to spoil paper; to have the crops spoiled by insects; to spoil the eyes by reading.
  10. The act or practice of plundering; robbery; aste.

    The man that hath no music in himself,
    Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
    Is fit for treason, stratagems, and spoil.
    Shak.

  11. Corruption; cause of corruption.

    [Archaic]

    Villainous company hath been the spoil of me. Shak.

  12. The slough, or cast skin, of a serpent or other animal.

    [Obs.] Bacon.

    Spoil bank, a bank formed by the earth taken from an excavation, as of a canal. -- The spoils system, the theory or practice of regarding public and their emoluments as so much plunder to be distributed among their active partisans by those who are chosen to responsible offices of administration.

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Spoil

SPOIL, verb transitive [Latin , to pull asunder, to tear, to strip, to peel.]

1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to rob; with of; as, to spoil one of his goods or possessions.

My sons their old unhappy sire despise, Spoild of his kingdom, and deprivd of eyes.

2. To seize by violence; to take by force; as, to spoil ones goods.

This mount with all his verdure spoild--

3. To corrupt; to cause to decay and perish. Heat and moisture will soon spoil vegetable and animal substances.

4. To corrupt; to vitiate; to mar.

Spiritual pride spoils many graces.

5. To ruin; to destroy. Our crops are sometimes spoiled by insects.

6. To render useless by injury; as, to spoil paper by wetting it.

7. To injure fatally; as, to spoil the eyes by reading.

SPOIL, verb intransitive

1. To practice plunder or robbery.

--Outlaws which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil

2. To decay; to lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather. Grain will spoil if gathered when wet or moist.

SPOIL, noun [Latin]

1. That which is taken from others by violence; particularly in war, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

2. That which is gained by strength or effort.

Each science and each art his spoil

3. That which is taken from another without license.

Gentle gales fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole their balmy spoils.

4. The act or practice of plundering; robbery; waste.

The man that hath not music in himself, nor is not movd with concord of sweet sounds, is fit for treason, stratagems and spoils.

5. Corruption; cause of corruption.

Villainous company hath been the spoil of me.

6. The slough or cast skin of a serpent or other animal.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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