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Tuesday - February 18, 2020

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
- Preface

1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [sour]

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sour

SOUR, a.

1. Acid; having a pungent taste; sharp to the taste; tart; as, vinegar is sour; sour cider; sour beer.

2. Acid and austere or astringent; as, sunripe fruits are often sour.

3. Harsh of temper; crabbed; peevish; austere; morose; as a man of a sour temper.

4. Afflictive; as sour adversities. [Not in use.]

5. Expressing discontent or peevishness. He never uttered a sour word. The lord treasurer often looked on me with a sour countenance.

6. Harsh to the feelings; cold and damp; as sour weather.

7. Rancid; musty.

8. Turned, as milk; coagulated.

SOUR, n. An acid substance.

SOUR, v.t.

1. To make acid; to cause to have a sharp taste. So the sun's heat, with different pow'rs, ripens the grape, the liquor sours.

2. To make harsh, cold or unkindly. Tufts of grass sour land.

3. To make harsh in temper; to make cross, crabbed, peevish or discontented. Misfortunes often sour'd, nor wrath debas'd my heart.

4. To make uneasy or less agreeable. Hail, great king! To sour your happiness I must report the queen is dead.

5. In rural economy, to macerate, as lime, and render fir for plaster or mortar.

SOUR, v.i.

1. To become acid; to acquire the quality of tartness or pungency to the taste. Cider sours rapidly in the rays of the sun. When food sours in the stomach, it is evidence of imperfect digestion.

2. TO become peevish or crabbed. They hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [sour]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

SOUR, a.

1. Acid; having a pungent taste; sharp to the taste; tart; as, vinegar is sour; sour cider; sour beer.

2. Acid and austere or astringent; as, sunripe fruits are often sour.

3. Harsh of temper; crabbed; peevish; austere; morose; as a man of a sour temper.

4. Afflictive; as sour adversities. [Not in use.]

5. Expressing discontent or peevishness. He never uttered a sour word. The lord treasurer often looked on me with a sour countenance.

6. Harsh to the feelings; cold and damp; as sour weather.

7. Rancid; musty.

8. Turned, as milk; coagulated.

SOUR, n. An acid substance.

SOUR, v.t.

1. To make acid; to cause to have a sharp taste. So the sun's heat, with different pow'rs, ripens the grape, the liquor sours.

2. To make harsh, cold or unkindly. Tufts of grass sour land.

3. To make harsh in temper; to make cross, crabbed, peevish or discontented. Misfortunes often sour'd, nor wrath debas'd my heart.

4. To make uneasy or less agreeable. Hail, great king! To sour your happiness I must report the queen is dead.

5. In rural economy, to macerate, as lime, and render fir for plaster or mortar.

SOUR, v.i.

1. To become acid; to acquire the quality of tartness or pungency to the taste. Cider sours rapidly in the rays of the sun. When food sours in the stomach, it is evidence of imperfect digestion.

2. TO become peevish or crabbed. They hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity.

SOUR, a. [Sax. sur, surig; G. sauer; D. zuur; Sw. sur; Dan. suur; W. sûr; Arm. sur; Fr. sur, sure; Heb. סור, to depart, to decline, to turn, as liquors, to become sour. See Class Sr, No. 16, and No. 11.]

  1. Acid; having a pungent taste; sharp to the taste; tart; as, vinegar is sour; sour cider; sour beer.
  2. Acid and austere or astringent; as, sun-ripe fruits are often sour.
  3. Harsh of temper; crabbed; peevish; austere; morose; as, a man of a sour temper.
  4. Afflictive; as, sour adversities. [Not in use.] – Shak.
  5. Expressing discontent or peevishness. He never uttered a sour word. The lord treasurer often looked on me with a sour countenance. – Swift.
  6. Harsh to the feelings; cold and damp; as, sour weather.
  7. Rancid; musty.
  8. Turned, as milk; coagulated.

SOUR, n.

An acid substance. – Spenser.


SOUR, v.i.

  1. To become acid; to acquire the quality of tartness or pungency to the taste. Cider sours rapidly in the rays of the sun. When food sours in the stomach, it is evidence of imperfect digestion.
  2. To become peevish or crabbed. They hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity. – Addison.

SOUR, v.t.

  1. To make acid; to cause to have a sharp taste. So the sun's heat, with different pow'rs. / Ripens the grape, the liquor sours. – Swift.
  2. To make harsh, cold or unkindly. Tufts of grass sour land. – Mortimer.
  3. To make harsh in temper; to make cross, crabbed, peevish or discontented. Misfortunes often sour the temper. Pride had not sour'd, nor wrath debas'd my heart. – Harte.
  4. To make uneasy or less agreeable. Hail, great king! / To sour your happiness I must report / The queen is dead. – Shak.
  5. In rural economy, to macerate, as lime, and render fit for the plaster or mortar. – Encyc.

Sour
  1. Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart.

    All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite. Bacon.

  2. A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.

    Spenser.
  3. To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances.

    So the sun's heat, with different powers,
    Ripens the grape, the liquor sours.
    Swift.

  4. To become sour] to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity.

    They keep out melancholy from the virtuous, and hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity. Addison.

  5. Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or musty, turned.
  6. To make cold and unproductive, as soil.

    Mortimer.
  7. Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed; peevish; morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply.

    "A sour countenance." Swift.

    He was a scholar . . .
    Lofty and sour to them that loved him not,
    But to those men that sought him sweet as summer.
    Shak.

  8. To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable.

    To sour your happiness I must report,
    The queen is dead.
    Shak.

  9. Afflictive; painful.

    "Sour adversity." Shak.
  10. To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly.

    "Souring his cheeks." Shak.

    Pride had not sour'd nor wrath debased my heart. Harte.

  11. Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.

    Sour dock (Bot.), sorrel. -- Sour gourd (Bot.), the gourdlike fruit Adansonia Gregorii, and A. digitata; also, either of the trees bearing this fruit. See Adansonia. -- Sour grapes. See under Grape. -- Sour gum (Bot.) See Turelo. -- Sour plum (Bot.), the edible acid fruit of an Australian tree (Owenia venosa); also, the tree itself, which furnished a hard reddish wood used by wheelwrights.

    Syn. -- Acid; sharp; tart; acetous; acetose; harsh; acrimonious; crabbed; currish; peevish.

  12. To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to sour lime for business purposes.
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Sour

SOUR, adjective

1. Acid; having a pungent taste; sharp to the taste; tart; as, vinegar is sour; sour cider; sour beer.

2. Acid and austere or astringent; as, sunripe fruits are often sour

3. Harsh of temper; crabbed; peevish; austere; morose; as a man of a sour temper.

4. Afflictive; as sour adversities. [Not in use.]

5. Expressing discontent or peevishness. He never uttered a sour word. The lord treasurer often looked on me with a sour countenance.

6. Harsh to the feelings; cold and damp; as sour weather.

7. Rancid; musty.

8. Turned, as milk; coagulated.

SOUR, noun An acid substance.

SOUR, verb transitive

1. To make acid; to cause to have a sharp taste. So the sun's heat, with different pow'rs, ripens the grape, the liquor sours.

2. To make harsh, cold or unkindly. Tufts of grass sour land.

3. To make harsh in temper; to make cross, crabbed, peevish or discontented. Misfortunes often sour'd, nor wrath debas'd my heart.

4. To make uneasy or less agreeable. Hail, great king! To sour your happiness I must report the queen is dead.

5. In rural economy, to macerate, as lime, and render fir for plaster or mortar.

SOUR, verb intransitive

1. To become acid; to acquire the quality of tartness or pungency to the taste. Cider sours rapidly in the rays of the sun. When food sours in the stomach, it is evidence of imperfect digestion.

2. TO become peevish or crabbed. They hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity.

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very important for my profession

— MirtaC (Dallas, Tx)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

adscititious

ADSCITI'TIOUS, a. [L. ascititius, from adscisco, ascisco, to add or join.]

Added; taken as supplemental; additional; not requisite.

ADSCITI'TIOUS, n. [L. adstrictio, astrictio, of ad and stringo, to strain or bind fast. See Strict.]

A binding fast. Among physicians, the rigidity of a part of the body, occasioning a retention of usual evacuations; costiveness; a closeness of the emunctories; also the styptic effects of medicines.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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