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Saturday - July 11, 2020

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [sergeant]

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sergeant

SERGEANT, n. s'arjent. [L. serviens, serving, for so was this word written in Latin.]

1. Formerly, an officer in England, nearly answering to to the more modern bailif of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other effenders. This officer is now called serjeant at arms, or mace. There are at present other officers of an inferior kind, to attend mayors and magistrates to execute their orders.

2. In military affairs, a non-commissioned officer in a company of infantry or troop of dragoons, armed with halbert, whose duty is to see discipline is observed, to order and form the ranks, &c.

3. In England, a lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law.

4. A title sometimes given to the king's servants; as sergeant surgeon, servant surgeon.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [sergeant]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

SERGEANT, n. s'arjent. [L. serviens, serving, for so was this word written in Latin.]

1. Formerly, an officer in England, nearly answering to to the more modern bailif of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other effenders. This officer is now called serjeant at arms, or mace. There are at present other officers of an inferior kind, to attend mayors and magistrates to execute their orders.

2. In military affairs, a non-commissioned officer in a company of infantry or troop of dragoons, armed with halbert, whose duty is to see discipline is observed, to order and form the ranks, &c.

3. In England, a lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law.

4. A title sometimes given to the king's servants; as sergeant surgeon, servant surgeon.


SER'GEANT, n. [sarjent; Fr. sergent; It. sergente; and Port. sargento; from L. serviens, serving, for so was this word written in Latin. But Castle deduces the word from the Persian سَرْجَنک sarchank or sarjank, a prefect, a subaltern military officer. See Cast. Col. 336. If this is correct, two different words are blended.]

  1. Formerly, an officer in England, nearly answering to the more modern bailif of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. This officer is now called sergeant at arms, or mace. There are at present other officers of an inferior kind, who attend mayors and magistrates to execute their orders.
  2. In military affairs, a non-commissioned officer in a company of infantry or troop of dragoons, armed with a halberd, whose duty is to see discipline observed, to order and form the ranks, &c.
  3. In England, a lawyer of the highest rank, and answering to the doctor of the civil law. – Blackstone.
  4. A title sometimes given to the king's servants; as, sergeant surgeon, servant surgeon. – Johnson.

Ser"geant
  1. Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery.

    The sergeant of the town of Rome them sought. Chaucer.

    The magistrates sent the serjeant, saying, Let those men go. Acts xvi. 35.

    This fell sergeant, Death,
    Is strict in his arrest.
    Shak.

  2. In a company, battery, or troop, a noncommissioned officer next in rank above a corporal, whose duty is to instruct recruits in discipline, to form the ranks, etc.

    * In the United States service, besides the sergeants belonging to the companies there are, in each regiment, a sergeant major, who is the chief noncommissioned officer, and has important duties as the assistant to the adjutant; a quartermaster sergeant, who assists the quartermaster; a color sergeant, who carries the colors; and a commissary sergeant, who assists in the care and distribution of the stores. Ordnance sergeants have charge of the ammunition at military posts.

  3. A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also serjeant at law.

    [Eng.] Blackstone.
  4. A title sometimes given to the servants of the sovereign; as, sergeant surgeon, that is, a servant, or attendant, surgeon.

    [Eng.]
  5. The cobia.

    Drill sergeant. (Mil.) See under Drill. -- Sergeant-at-arms, an officer of a legislative body, or of a deliberative or judicial assembly, who executes commands in preserving order and arresting offenders. See Sergeant, 1. -- Sergeant major. (a) (Mil.) See the Note under def. 2, above. (b) (Zoöl.) The cow pilot.

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Sergeant

SERGEANT, noun s'arjent. [Latin serviens, serving, for so was this word written in Latin.]

1. Formerly, an officer in England, nearly answering to to the more modern bailif of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other effenders. This officer is now called serjeant at arms, or mace. There are at present other officers of an inferior kind, to attend mayors and magistrates to execute their orders.

2. In military affairs, a non-commissioned officer in a company of infantry or troop of dragoons, armed with halbert, whose duty is to see discipline is observed, to order and form the ranks, etc.

3. In England, a lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law.

4. A title sometimes given to the king's servants; as sergeant surgeon, servant surgeon.

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Founded on Biblical precepts...definitive way English should be exercised.

— Timothy

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

crippleness

CRIPPLENESS, n. Lameness.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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