SEC'OND, a. [L. secundus; L. sequor, to follow. See Seek.]
1. That immediately follows the first; the mext following the first in order of place or time; the ordinal of two. Take the second book from the shelf. Enter the second house.
And he slept and dreamed the second time. Gen. 41.
2. Next in value, power, excellence, dignity or rank; inferior. The silks of China are second to none. Lord Chatham was second to none in eloquence. Dr. Johnson was second to none in itellecual powers, but second to many in research and erudition.
SEC'OND, a. [Fr. from L. secundus; It. secondo; Sp. and Port. segundo; from L. sequor, to follow. See Seek.]
- That immediately follows the first; the next following the first in order of place or time; the ordinal of two. Take the second book from the shelf. Enter the second house.
And he slept and dreamed the second time. Gen. xii.
- Next in value, power, excellence, dignity or rank; inferior. The silks of China are second to none in quality.
Lord Chatham was second to none in eloquence. Dr. Johnson was second to none in intellectual powers, but second to many in research and erudition.
Second terms, in algebra, those where the unknown quantity has a degree of power less than it has in the term where it is raised to the highest. – Encyc.
At second-hand, in the second place of order; not in the first place, or by or from the first; by transmission; not primarily; not originally; as, a report received at second-hand.
The imitation of preachers at second-hand, I shall transcribe / from Bruyere a piece of raillery. – Tatler.
- One who attends another in a duel, to aid him, mark out the ground or distance, and see that all proceedings between the parties are fair. – Watts. Addison.
- One that supports or maintains another; that which supports.
Being sure enough of seconds after the first onset. – Wotton.
- The sixtieth part of a minute of time or of a degree, that is, the second minute or small division next to the hour. Sound moves above 1140 English feet in a second.
- In music, an interval of a conjoint degree, being the difference between any sound and the next nearest sound above or below it. – Busby. Encyc.
SEC'OND, v.t. [L. secundo; Fr. seconder; It. secondare.]
- To follow in the next place.
Sin is seconded with sin. [Little used.] – South.
- To support; to lend aid to the attempt of another; to assist; to forward; to promote; to encourage; to act as the maintainer.
We have supplies to second our attempt. – Shak.
The attempts of Austria to circumscribe the conquests of Bonaparte, were seconded by Russia. – Anon.
In God, one single can its ends produce, / Yet serves to second too some other use. – Pope.
- In legislation, to support, as a motion or the mover. We say, to second a motion or proposition, or to second the mover.
- Immediately following the first; next to the
first in order of place or time; hence, occurring again; another;
- One who, or that which, follows, or comes after; one next and
inferior in place, time, rank, importance, excellence, or
- To follow in the next place] to succeed; to
- Next to the first in value, power,
excellence, dignity, or rank; secondary; subordinate;
- One who follows or attends another for his
support and aid; a backer; an assistant; specifically, one who acts as
another's aid in a duel.
- To follow or attend for the purpose of
assisting; to support; to back; to act as the second of; to assist; to
forward; to encourage.
- Being of the same kind as another that has
preceded; another, like a prototype; as, a second Cato; a
second Troy; a second deluge.
- Aid; assistance; help.
- Specifically, to support, as a motion or
proposal, by adding one's voice to that of the mover or
- An article of merchandise of a
grade inferior to the best; esp., a coarse or inferior kind of
- The sixtieth part of a minute of time or of
a minute of space, that is, the second regular subdivision of
the degree; as, sound moves about 1,140 English feet in a
second; five minutes and ten seconds north of this
- In the duodecimal system of mensuration,
the twelfth part of an inch or prime; a line. See Inch, and
Prime, n., 8.
interval between any tone and the tone which is represented on the
degree of the staff next above it.