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Friday - July 19, 2019

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [scrape]

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scrape

SCRAPE, v.t. [L. scribo, Gr. to write. See Grave.]

1. To rub the surface of any thing with a sharp or rough instrument, or with something hard; as, to scrap the floor; to scrape a vessel for cleaning it; to scrape the earth; to scrape the body. Job 2.

2. To clean by scraping. Lev. 14.

3. To remove or take off by rubbing.

I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock. Ezek. 26.

4. To act upon the surface with a grating noise.

The chiming clocks to dinner call; a hundred footsteps scrape the marble hall.

To scrape off, to remove by scraping; to clear away by rubbing.

To scrape together, to gather by close industry or small gains or savings; as, to scrape together a good estate.

SCRAPE, v.i.

1. To make a harsh noise.

2. To play awkwardly on a violin.

3. To make an awkward bow.

To scrape acquaintance, to make one's self acquainted; to curry favor. [A low phrase introduced from the practice of scraping in bowing.]

SCRAPE, n.

1. A rubbing.

2. The sound of the foot drawn over the floor.

3. A bow.

4. Difficulty; perplexity; distress; that which harasses. [A low word.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [scrape]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

SCRAPE, v.t. [L. scribo, Gr. to write. See Grave.]

1. To rub the surface of any thing with a sharp or rough instrument, or with something hard; as, to scrap the floor; to scrape a vessel for cleaning it; to scrape the earth; to scrape the body. Job 2.

2. To clean by scraping. Lev. 14.

3. To remove or take off by rubbing.

I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock. Ezek. 26.

4. To act upon the surface with a grating noise.

The chiming clocks to dinner call; a hundred footsteps scrape the marble hall.

To scrape off, to remove by scraping; to clear away by rubbing.

To scrape together, to gather by close industry or small gains or savings; as, to scrape together a good estate.

SCRAPE, v.i.

1. To make a harsh noise.

2. To play awkwardly on a violin.

3. To make an awkward bow.

To scrape acquaintance, to make one's self acquainted; to curry favor. [A low phrase introduced from the practice of scraping in bowing.]

SCRAPE, n.

1. A rubbing.

2. The sound of the foot drawn over the floor.

3. A bow.

4. Difficulty; perplexity; distress; that which harasses. [A low word.]

SCRAPE, n. [Dan. scrab; Sw. skrap.]

  1. A rubbing.
  2. The sound of the foot drawn over the floor.
  3. A bow.
  4. Difficulty; perplexity; distress; that which harasses. [A low word.]

SCRAPE, v.i.

  1. To make a harsh noise.
  2. To play awkwardly on a violin.
  3. To make an awkward bow. To scrape acquaintance, to make one's self acquainted; to curry favor. [A low phrase introduced from the practice of scraping in bowing.]

SCRAPE, v.t. [Sax. screopan; D. schraapen, schrabben; G. schrapen; Sw. skrapa; Dan. skraber; Ir. scriobam, sgrabam; Russ. skrebu and ogrebayu; L. scribo, Gr. γραφω, to write; W. ysgravu, to scrape, from cravu, to scrape, from crav, claws. Owen. But probably from the general root of grave. In Ch. and Syr. כרב signifies to plow; in Ar. to strain, distress, gripe. See Grave.]

  1. To rub the surface of any thing with a sharp or rough instrument, or with something hard; as, to scrape the floor; to scrape a vessel for cleaning it; to scrape the earth; to scrap the body. – Job ii.
  2. To clean by scraping. – Lev. xiv.
  3. To remove or take off by rubbing. I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock. – Ezek. xxvi.
  4. To act upon the surface with a grating noise. The chiming clocks to dinner call; / A hundred footsteps scrape the marble hall. – Pope. To scrape off, to remove by scraping; to clear away by rubbing. To scrape together, to gather by close industry or small gains or savings; as, to scrape together good estate.

Scrape
  1. To rub over the surface of (something) with a sharp or rough instrument; to rub over with something that roughens by removing portions of the surface; to grate harshly over; to abrade; to make even, or bring to a required condition or form, by moving the sharp edge of an instrument breadthwise over the surface with pressure, cutting away excesses and superfluous parts; to make smooth or clean; as, to scrape a bone with a knife; to scrape a metal plate to an even surface.
  2. To rub over the surface of anything with something which roughens or removes it, or which smooths or cleans it; to rub harshly and noisily along.
  3. The act of scraping; also, the effect of scraping, as a scratch, or a harsh sound; as, a noisy scrape on the floor; a scrape of a pen.
  4. To remove by rubbing or scraping (in the sense above).

    I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock. Ezek. xxvi. 4.

  5. To occupy one's self with getting laboriously; as, he scraped and saved until he became rich.

    "[Spend] their scraping fathers' gold." Shak.
  6. A drawing back of the right foot when bowing; also, a bow made with that accompaniment.

    H. Spencer.
  7. To collect by, or as by, a process of scraping; to gather in small portions by laborious effort; hence, to acquire avariciously and save penuriously; -- often followed by together or up; as, to scrape money together.

    The prelatical party complained that, to swell a number the nonconformists did not choose, but scrape, subscribers. Fuller.

  8. To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or like instrument.
  9. A disagreeable and embarrassing predicament out of which one can not get without undergoing, as it were, a painful rubbing or scraping; a perplexity; a difficulty.

    The too eager pursuit of this his old enemy through thick and thin has led him into many of these scrapes. Bp. Warburton.

  10. To express disapprobation of, as a play, or to silence, as a speaker, by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; -- usually with down.

    Macaulay.

    To scrape acquaintance, to seek acquaintance otherwise than by an introduction. Farquhar.

    He tried to scrape acquaintance with her, but failed ignominiously. G. W. Cable.

  11. To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
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Scrape

SCRAPE, verb transitive [Latin scribo, Gr. to write. See Grave.]

1. To rub the surface of any thing with a sharp or rough instrument, or with something hard; as, to scrap the floor; to scrape a vessel for cleaning it; to scrape the earth; to scrape the body. Job 2:8.

2. To clean by scraping. Leviticus 14:41.

3. To remove or take off by rubbing.

I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock. Ezekiel 26:4.

4. To act upon the surface with a grating noise.

The chiming clocks to dinner call; a hundred footsteps scrape the marble hall.

To scrape off, to remove by scraping; to clear away by rubbing.

To scrape together, to gather by close industry or small gains or savings; as, to scrape together a good estate.

SCRAPE, verb intransitive

1. To make a harsh noise.

2. To play awkwardly on a violin.

3. To make an awkward bow.

To scrape acquaintance, to make one's self acquainted; to curry favor. [A low phrase introduced from the practice of scraping in bowing.]

SCRAPE, noun

1. A rubbing.

2. The sound of the foot drawn over the floor.

3. A bow.

4. Difficulty; perplexity; distress; that which harasses. [A low word.]

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Scriptural basis

— Gloria (Houston, TX)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

embassade

EM'BASSADE, n. An embassy.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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