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Thursday - November 21, 2019

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [sap]

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sap

SAP, n.

1. The juice of plants of any kind, which flows chiefly between the wood and the bark. From the sap of a species of maple, is made sugar of a good quality by evaporation.

2. The alburnum of a tree; the exterior part of the wood, next to the bark. [A sense in general use in New England.]

SAP, v.t.

1. To undermine; to subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine.

Their dwellings were sapp'd by floods.

2. To undermine; to subvert by removing the foundation of. Discontent saps the foundation of happiness. Intrigue and corruption sap the constitution of a free government.

SAP, v.i. To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining.

Both assaults are carried on by sapping.

SAP, n. In sieges, a trench for undermining; or an approach made to a fortified place by digging or under cover. The single sap has only a single parapet; the double has one on each side, and the flying is made with gabions, &c. In all saps, traverses are left to cover the men.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [sap]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

SAP, n.

1. The juice of plants of any kind, which flows chiefly between the wood and the bark. From the sap of a species of maple, is made sugar of a good quality by evaporation.

2. The alburnum of a tree; the exterior part of the wood, next to the bark. [A sense in general use in New England.]

SAP, v.t.

1. To undermine; to subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine.

Their dwellings were sapp'd by floods.

2. To undermine; to subvert by removing the foundation of. Discontent saps the foundation of happiness. Intrigue and corruption sap the constitution of a free government.

SAP, v.i. To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining.

Both assaults are carried on by sapping.

SAP, n. In sieges, a trench for undermining; or an approach made to a fortified place by digging or under cover. The single sap has only a single parapet; the double has one on each side, and the flying is made with gabions, &c. In all saps, traverses are left to cover the men.


SAP, v.t. [Fr. saper; It. zappare; Arm. sappa; It. zappa, a spade; zappone, a mattock. The primary sense is probably to dig or to thrust.]

  1. To undermine; to subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine. Their dwellings were sapp'd by floods. – Dryden.
  2. To undermine; to subvert by removing the foundation of. Discontent saps the foundation of happiness. Intrigue and corruption sap the constitution of a free government.

SAP, n.1 [Sax. sæp; D. zap; G. saft; Sw. saft, safve; Dan. saft, sæve; Fr. seve; Arm. sabr; probably from softness or flowing. Qu. Pers. زَبَه zabah, a flowing.]

  1. The juice of plants of any kind. The ascending sap flows in the vessels of the alburnum or sap-wood, and is colorless, while the descending sap flows in the vessels of the liber or inner bark, and is often colored. This remark however is applicable to exogenous plants only. From the sap of a species of maple, is made sugar of a good quality by evaporation.
  2. The alburnum of a tree; the exterior part of the wood, next to the bark. [A sense in general use in New England.]

SAP, n.2

In sieges, a trench for undermining; or an approach made to a fortified place by digging or undercover. The single sap has only a single parapet; the double has one on each side, and the flying is made with gabions, &c. In all saps traverses are left to cover the men. – Encyc.


SAP, v.i.

To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining. Both assaults are carried on by sapping. – Tatler.


Sap
  1. The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.

    * The ascending is the crude sap, the assimilation of which takes place in the leaves, when it becomes the elaborated sap suited to the growth of the plant.

  2. To subvert by digging or wearing away] to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.

    Nor safe their dwellings were, for sapped by floods,
    Their houses fell upon their household gods.
    Dryden.

  3. To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps.

    W. P. Craighill.

    Both assaults are carried on by sapping. Tatler.

  4. A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.

    Sap fagot (Mil.), a fascine about three feet long, used in sapping, to close the crevices between the gabions before the parapet is made. -- Sap roller (Mil.), a large gabion, six or seven feet long, filled with fascines, which the sapper sometimes rolls along before him for protection from the fire of an enemy.

  5. The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
  6. To pierce with saps.
  7. A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop.

    [Slang]

    Sap ball (Bot.), any large fungus of the genus Polyporus. See Polyporus. -- Sap green, a dull light green pigment prepared from the juice of the ripe berries of the Rhamnus catharticus, or buckthorn. It is used especially by water-color artists. -- Sap rot, the dry rot. See under Dry. -- Sap sucker (Zoöl.), any one of several species of small American woodpeckers of the genus Sphyrapicus, especially the yellow-bellied woodpecker (S. varius) of the Eastern United States. They are so named because they puncture the bark of trees and feed upon the sap. The name is loosely applied to other woodpeckers. -- Sap tube (Bot.), a vessel that conveys sap.

  8. To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.

    Ring out the grief that saps the mind. Tennyson.

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Sap

SAP, noun

1. The juice of plants of any kind, which flows chiefly between the wood and the bark. From the sap of a species of maple, is made sugar of a good quality by evaporation.

2. The alburnum of a tree; the exterior part of the wood, next to the bark. [A sense in general use in New England.]

SAP, verb transitive

1. To undermine; to subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine.

Their dwellings were sapp'd by floods.

2. To undermine; to subvert by removing the foundation of. Discontent saps the foundation of happiness. Intrigue and corruption sap the constitution of a free government.

SAP, verb intransitive To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining.

Both assaults are carried on by sapping.

SAP, noun In sieges, a trench for undermining; or an approach made to a fortified place by digging or under cover. The single sap has only a single parapet; the double has one on each side, and the flying is made with gabions, etc. In all saps, traverses are left to cover the men.

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Bible Study

— Kasey (Clayton, NC)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

transfer

TRANSFER', v.t. [L. transfero; trans and fero, to carry.]

1. To convey from one place or person to another; to transport or remove to another place or person; as, to transfer the laws of one country to another. The seat of government was transferred from New York to Albany. We say, a war is transferred from France to Germany. Pain or the seat of disease in the body, is often transferred from one part to another.

2. To make over; to pass; to convey, as a right, from one person to another; to sell; to give. The title to land is transferred by deed. The property of a bill of exchange may be transferred by indorsement. Stocks are transferred by assignment, or entering the same under the name of the purchaser in the proper books.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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monte

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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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