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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [sad]

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sad

SAD, a. [It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.]

1. Sorrowful; affected with grief; cast down with affliction.

Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.

Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life.

2. Habitually melancholy; gloomy; not gay or cheerful.

See in her cell sad Eloisa spread.

3. Downcast; gloomy; having the external appearance of sorrow; as a sad countenance. Matt. 6.

4. Serious; grave; not gay, light or volatile.

Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman.

5. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as a sad accident; a sad misfortune.

6. Dark colored.

Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.

[This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.]

7. Bad; vexatious; as a sad husband. [Colloquial.]

8. Heavy; weighty; ponderous.

With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. Obs.

9. Close; firm; cohesive; opposed to light or friable.

Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad. Obs.

[The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [sad]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

SAD, a. [It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.]

1. Sorrowful; affected with grief; cast down with affliction.

Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.

Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life.

2. Habitually melancholy; gloomy; not gay or cheerful.

See in her cell sad Eloisa spread.

3. Downcast; gloomy; having the external appearance of sorrow; as a sad countenance. Matt. 6.

4. Serious; grave; not gay, light or volatile.

Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman.

5. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as a sad accident; a sad misfortune.

6. Dark colored.

Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.

[This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.]

7. Bad; vexatious; as a sad husband. [Colloquial.]

8. Heavy; weighty; ponderous.

With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. Obs.

9. Close; firm; cohesive; opposed to light or friable.

Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad. Obs.

[The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed.]

SAD, a. [In W. sad signifies wise, prudent, sober, permanent. It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.]

  1. Sorrowful; affected with grief; cast down with affliction. Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad. – Milton. Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life. – Pope.
  2. Habitually melancholy; gloomy; not gay or cheerful. See in her cell sad Eloisa spread. – Pope.
  3. Downcast; gloomy; having the external appearance of sorrow; as, a sad countenance. – Matth. vi.
  4. Serious; grave; not gay, light or volatile. Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman. – Bacon.
  5. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as, a sad accident; a sad misfortune.
  6. Dark colored. Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors. – Mortimer. [This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.]
  7. Bad; vexatious; as, a sad husband. [Colloquial.] – Addison.
  8. Heavy; weighty; ponderous. With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. Spenser. [Obs.]
  9. Close; firm; cohesive; opposed to light or friable. Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad. Mortimer. [Obs.] [The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed; W. sadiaw, to make firm.]

Sad
  1. Sated; satisfied; weary; tired.

    [Obs.]

    Yet of that art they can not waxen sad,
    For unto them it is a bitter sweet.
    Chaucer.

  2. To make sorrowful; to sadden.

    [Obs.]

    How it sadded the minister's spirits! H. Peters.

  3. Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.

    [Obs., except in a few phrases; as, sad bread.]

    His hand, more sad than lump of lead. Spenser.

    Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad. Mortimer.

  4. Dull; grave; dark; somber; -- said of colors.

    "Sad-colored clothes." Walton.

    Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors. Mortimer.

  5. Serious; grave; sober; steadfast; not light or frivolous.

    [Obs.] "Ripe and sad courage." Chaucer.

    Lady Catharine, a sad and religious woman. Bacon.

    Which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties. Ld. Berners.

  6. Affected with grief or unhappiness; cast down with affliction; downcast; gloomy; mournful.

    First were we sad, fearing you would not come;
    Now sadder, that you come so unprovided.
    Shak.

    The angelic guards ascended, mute and sad. Milton.

  7. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as, a sad accident; a sad misfortune.
  8. Hence, bad; naughty; troublesome; wicked.

    [Colloq.] "Sad tipsy fellows, both of them." I. Taylor.

    * Sad is sometimes used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, sad-colored, sad-eyed, sad-hearted, sad-looking, and the like.

    Sad bread, heavy bread. [Scot. *** Local, U.S.] Bartlett.

    Syn. -- Sorrowful] mournful; gloomy; dejected; depressed; cheerless; downcast; sedate; serious; grave; grievous; afflictive; calamitous.

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Sad

SAD, adjective [It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.]

1. Sorrowful; affected with grief; cast down with affliction.

Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad

SAD for their loss, but joyful of our life.

2. Habitually melancholy; gloomy; not gay or cheerful.

See in her cell sad Eloisa spread.

3. Downcast; gloomy; having the external appearance of sorrow; as a sad countenance. Matthew 6:16.

4. Serious; grave; not gay, light or volatile.

Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman.

5. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as a sad accident; a sad misfortune.

6. Dark colored.

Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.

[This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.]

7. Bad; vexatious; as a sad husband. [Colloquial.]

8. Heavy; weighty; ponderous.

With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. obsolete

9. Close; firm; cohesive; opposed to light or friable.

Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad obsolete

[The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed.]

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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feminize

FEM'INIZE, v.t. To make womanish. [Not used.]

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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