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Tuesday - August 3, 2021

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [rook]

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rook

ROOK, n. [L. graculus; probably from its voice. See Crow and Croak.]

1. A fowl of the genus Corvus, the fowl mentioned by Virgil under this name. This fowl resembles the crow, but differs from it in not feeding on carrion, but on insects and grain. In crows also the nostrils and root of the bill are clothed with feathers, but in rooks the same parts are naked, or have only a few bristly hairs. The rook is gregarious.

2. A cheat; a trickish, rapacious fellow.

ROOK, n. A common man at chess.

ROOK, v.i. To cheat; to defraud.

ROOK, v.t. To cheat; to defraud by cheating.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [rook]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

ROOK, n. [L. graculus; probably from its voice. See Crow and Croak.]

1. A fowl of the genus Corvus, the fowl mentioned by Virgil under this name. This fowl resembles the crow, but differs from it in not feeding on carrion, but on insects and grain. In crows also the nostrils and root of the bill are clothed with feathers, but in rooks the same parts are naked, or have only a few bristly hairs. The rook is gregarious.

2. A cheat; a trickish, rapacious fellow.

ROOK, n. A common man at chess.

ROOK, v.i. To cheat; to defraud.

ROOK, v.t. To cheat; to defraud by cheating.


ROOK, v.t.

To cheat; to defraud by cheating. – Aubrey.


ROOK, n.1 [Sax. hroc; G. roche; Dan. roge, raage, a rook and krage, a crow. This word belongs to the root of crow or is rather the same word dialectically varied; Dan. krage; Sw. kraka; G. krähe; D. kraai; L. graculus; probably from its voice; Ir. grag, gragam. See Crow and Croak.]

  1. A fowl of the genus Corvus, the fowl mentioned by Virgil under this name. This fowl resembles the crow, but differs from it in not feeding on carrion, but on insects and grain. In crows also the nostrils and root of the bill are clothed with feathers, but in rooks the same parts are naked, or have only a few bristly hairs. The rook is gregarious. – Encyc.
  2. A cheat; a trickish, rapacious fellow. – Wycherley.

ROOK, n.2 [It. rocco, a bishop's staff, a crosier, a rook at chess.]

In chess, the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board. The rook moves the whole extent or the board, unless impeded by some other piece. – Hoyle.


ROOK, v.i.1

To cheat; to defraud. – Locke.


ROOK, v.i.2

To squat. [See Ruck.]


Rook
  1. Mist; fog. See Roke.

    [Obs.]
  2. To squat; to ruck.

    [Obs.] Shak.
  3. One of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle.
  4. A European bird (Corvus frugilegus) resembling the crow, but smaller. It is black, with purple and violet reflections. The base of the beak and the region around it are covered with a rough, scabrous skin, which in old birds is whitish. It is gregarious in its habits. The name is also applied to related Asiatic species.

    The rook . . . should be treated as the farmer's friend. Pennant.

  5. To cheat] to defraud by cheating.

    "A band of rooking officials." Milton.
  6. A trickish, rapacious fellow; a cheat; a sharper.

    Wycherley.
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Rook

ROOK, noun [Latin graculus; probably from its voice. See Crow and Croak.]

1. A fowl of the genus Corvus, the fowl mentioned by Virgil under this name. This fowl resembles the crow, but differs from it in not feeding on carrion, but on insects and grain. In crows also the nostrils and root of the bill are clothed with feathers, but in rooks the same parts are naked, or have only a few bristly hairs. The rook is gregarious.

2. A cheat; a trickish, rapacious fellow.

ROOK, noun A common man at chess.

ROOK, verb intransitive To cheat; to defraud.

ROOK, verb transitive To cheat; to defraud by cheating.

ROOK, verb intransitive To squat. [See Ruck.]

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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LIM'SY, a. Weak; flexible.

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