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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [revenge]

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revenge

REVENGE, v.t. revenj'. [L. vindex, vindico. See Vindicate.]

1. To inflict pain or injury in return for an injury received.

[Note. this word and avenge were formerly used as synonymous, and it is so used in the common version of the Scripture, and applied to the Supreme Being. "O Lord - revenge me of my persecutors." Jer. 15. In consequence of a distinction between avenge and revenge which modern usage has introduced, the application of this word to the Supreme Being appears extremely harsh, irreverent and offensive. Revenge is now used in an ill sense, for the infliction of pain maliciously or illegally; avenge for inflicting just punishment.]

2. According to modern usage, to inflict pain deliberately and maliciously, contrary to the laws of justice and humanity, in return for injury, pain or evil received; to wreak vengeance spitefully on one who injures or offends. We say, to revenge an injury or insult, or with the reciprocal pronoun, to revenge ourselves on an enemy or for an injury, that is, to take vengeance or satisfaction.

3. To vindicate by punishment of an enemy.

The gods are just and will revenge our cause.

[According to modern usage, avenge should here be substituted for revenge.]

REVENGE, n. revenj'.

1. Return of an injury; the deliberate infliction of pain or injury or a person in return for an injury received from him.

2. According to modern usage, a malicious or spiteful infliction of pain or injury, contrary to the laws of justice and christianity, in return for an injury or offense. Revenge is dictated by passion; vengeance by justice.

3. The passion which is excited by an injury done or an affront given; the desire of inflicting pain on one who has done an injury; as, to glut revenge.

Revenge, as the word is now understood, is always contrary to the precepts of Christ.

The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [revenge]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

REVENGE, v.t. revenj'. [L. vindex, vindico. See Vindicate.]

1. To inflict pain or injury in return for an injury received.

[Note. this word and avenge were formerly used as synonymous, and it is so used in the common version of the Scripture, and applied to the Supreme Being. "O Lord - revenge me of my persecutors." Jer. 15. In consequence of a distinction between avenge and revenge which modern usage has introduced, the application of this word to the Supreme Being appears extremely harsh, irreverent and offensive. Revenge is now used in an ill sense, for the infliction of pain maliciously or illegally; avenge for inflicting just punishment.]

2. According to modern usage, to inflict pain deliberately and maliciously, contrary to the laws of justice and humanity, in return for injury, pain or evil received; to wreak vengeance spitefully on one who injures or offends. We say, to revenge an injury or insult, or with the reciprocal pronoun, to revenge ourselves on an enemy or for an injury, that is, to take vengeance or satisfaction.

3. To vindicate by punishment of an enemy.

The gods are just and will revenge our cause.

[According to modern usage, avenge should here be substituted for revenge.]

REVENGE, n. revenj'.

1. Return of an injury; the deliberate infliction of pain or injury or a person in return for an injury received from him.

2. According to modern usage, a malicious or spiteful infliction of pain or injury, contrary to the laws of justice and christianity, in return for an injury or offense. Revenge is dictated by passion; vengeance by justice.

3. The passion which is excited by an injury done or an affront given; the desire of inflicting pain on one who has done an injury; as, to glut revenge.

Revenge, as the word is now understood, is always contrary to the precepts of Christ.

The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel.

RE-VENGE, n. [revenj'; Fr. revenche; Arm. revanch.]

  1. Return of an injury; the deliberate infliction of pain or injury on a person in return for an injury received from him. – Milton. Dryden.
  2. According to modern usage, a malicious or spiteful infliction of pain or injury, contrary to the laws of justice and Christianity, in return for an injury or offense. Revenge is dictated by passion; vengeance by justice.
  3. The passion which is excited by an injury done or an affront given; the desire of inflicting pain on one who has done an injury; as, to glut revenge. Revenge, as the word is now understood, is always contrary to the precepts of Christ. The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel. – Kames.

RE-VENGE, v.t. [revenj'; Fr. revencher, venger; Sp. vengar; Port. vingar; L. vindex, vindico; It. vendicare. See Vindicate.]

  1. To inflict pain or injury in return for an injury received. Note. This word and avenge were formerly used as synonymous, and it is so used in the common version of the Scripture, and applied to the Supreme Being. “O Lord … revenge me of my persecutors.” Jer. xv. In consequence of a distinction between avenge and revenge, which modern usage has introduced, the application of this word to the Supreme Being appears extremely harsh, irreverent and offensive. Revenge is now used in an ill sense, for the infliction of pain maliciously or illegally; avenge for inflicting just punishment.
  2. According to modern usage, to inflict pain deliberately and maliciously, contrary to the laws of justice and humanity, in return for injury, pain or evil received; to wreak vengeance spitefully on one who injures or offends. We say, to revenge an injury or insult, or with the reciprocal pronoun, to revenge ourselves on an enemy or for an injury, that is, to take vengeance or satisfaction.
  3. To vindicate by punishment of an enemy. The gods are just and will revenge our cause. – Dryden. [According to modern usage, avenge should here be substituted for revenge.]

Re*venge"
  1. To inflict harm in return for, as an injury, insult, etc.; to exact satisfaction for, under a sense of injury; to avenge; -- followed either by the wrong received, or by the person or thing wronged, as the object, or by the reciprocal pronoun as direct object, and a preposition before the wrong done or the wrongdoer.

    To revenge the death of our fathers. Ld. Berners.

    The gods are just, and will revenge our cause. Dryden.

    Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come,
    Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius.
    Shak.

  2. To take vengeance; -- with

    upon. [Obs.] "A bird that will revenge upon you all." Shak.
  3. The act of revenging; vengeance; retaliation; a returning of evil for evil.

    Certainly, in taking revenge, a man is even with his enemy; but in passing it over he is superior. Bacon.

  4. To inflict injury for, in a spiteful, wrong, or malignant spirit; to wreak vengeance for maliciously.

    Syn. -- To avenge; vindicate. See Avenge.

  5. The disposition to revenge; a malignant wishing of evil to one who has done us an injury.

    Revenge now goes
    To lay a complot to betray thy foes.
    Shak.

    The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel. Kames.

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Revenge

REVENGE, verb transitive revenj'. [Latin vindex, vindico. See Vindicate.]

1. To inflict pain or injury in return for an injury received.

[Note. this word and avenge were formerly used as synonymous, and it is so used in the common version of the Scripture, and applied to the Supreme Being. 'O Lord - revenge me of my persecutors.' Jeremiah 15:15. In consequence of a distinction between avenge and revenge which modern usage has introduced, the application of this word to the Supreme Being appears extremely harsh, irreverent and offensive. revenge is now used in an ill sense, for the infliction of pain maliciously or illegally; avenge for inflicting just punishment.]

2. According to modern usage, to inflict pain deliberately and maliciously, contrary to the laws of justice and humanity, in return for injury, pain or evil received; to wreak vengeance spitefully on one who injures or offends. We say, to revenge an injury or insult, or with the reciprocal pronoun, to revenge ourselves on an enemy or for an injury, that is, to take vengeance or satisfaction.

3. To vindicate by punishment of an enemy.

The gods are just and will revenge our cause.

[According to modern usage, avenge should here be substituted for revenge ]

REVENGE, noun revenj'.

1. Return of an injury; the deliberate infliction of pain or injury or a person in return for an injury received from him.

2. According to modern usage, a malicious or spiteful infliction of pain or injury, contrary to the laws of justice and christianity, in return for an injury or offense. revenge is dictated by passion; vengeance by justice.

3. The passion which is excited by an injury done or an affront given; the desire of inflicting pain on one who has done an injury; as, to glut revenge

REVENGE, as the word is now understood, is always contrary to the precepts of Christ.

The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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INFESTA'TION, n. The act of infesting; molestation.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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