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Tuesday - July 16, 2024

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
- Preface

1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [retain]

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retain

RETA'IN, v.t. [L. retineo; re and teneo, to hold.]

1. To hold or keep in possession; not to lose or part with or dismiss. The memory retains ideas which facts or arguments have suggested to the mind.

They did not like to retain God in their knowledge. Rom. 1.

2. To keep, as an associate; to keep from departure.

Whom I would have retained with me. Phil. 13.

3. To keep back; to hold.

An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator.

4. To hold from escape. Some substances retain heat much longer than others. Metals readily receive and transmit heat, but do not long retain it. Seek cloths that retain their color.

5. To keep in pay; to hire.

A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense.

6. To engage; to employ by a fee paid; as, to retain a counselor.

RETA'IN, v.i.

1. To belong to; to depend on; as coldness mixed with a somewhat languid relish retaining to bitterness.

[Not in use. We now use pertain.]

2. To keep; to continue. [Not in use.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [retain]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

RETA'IN, v.t. [L. retineo; re and teneo, to hold.]

1. To hold or keep in possession; not to lose or part with or dismiss. The memory retains ideas which facts or arguments have suggested to the mind.

They did not like to retain God in their knowledge. Rom. 1.

2. To keep, as an associate; to keep from departure.

Whom I would have retained with me. Phil. 13.

3. To keep back; to hold.

An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator.

4. To hold from escape. Some substances retain heat much longer than others. Metals readily receive and transmit heat, but do not long retain it. Seek cloths that retain their color.

5. To keep in pay; to hire.

A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense.

6. To engage; to employ by a fee paid; as, to retain a counselor.

RETA'IN, v.i.

1. To belong to; to depend on; as coldness mixed with a somewhat languid relish retaining to bitterness.

[Not in use. We now use pertain.]

2. To keep; to continue. [Not in use.]

RE-TAIN, v.i.

  1. To belong to; to depend on; as, coldness mixed with a somewhat languid relish retaining to bitterness. – Boyle. [Not in use. We now use Pertain.]
  2. To keep; to continue. [Not in use.]

RE-TAIN, v.t. [Fr. retenir; It. ritenere; Sp. retener; L. retineo; re and teneo, to hold.]

  1. To hold or keep in possession; not to lose or part with or dismiss. The memory retains ideas which facts or arguments have suggested to the mind. They did not like to retain God in their knowledge. – Rom. i.
  2. To keep, as an associate; to keep from departure. Whom I would have retained with use. – Phil. xiii.
  3. To keep back; to hold. An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator. – Blackstone.
  4. To hold from escape. Some substances retain heat much longer than others. Metals readily receive and transmit heat, but do not long retain it. Seek cloths that retain their color.
  5. To keep in pay; to hire. A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense. – Addison.
  6. To engage; to employ by a fee paid; as, to retain a counselor.

Re*tain"
  1. To continue to hold; to keep in possession; not to lose, part with, or dismiss; to retrain from departure, escape, or the like.

    "Thy shape invisibleretain." Shak.

    Be obedient, and retain
    Unalterably firm his love entire.
    Milton.

    An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator. Blackstone.

  2. To belong; to pertain.

    [Obs.]

    A somewhat languid relish, retaining to bitterness. Boyle.

  3. To keep in pay; to employ by a preliminary fee paid; to hire; to engage; as, to retain a counselor.

    A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense. Addison.

  4. To keep; to continue; to remain.

    [Obs.] Donne.
  5. To restrain; to prevent.

    [Obs.] Sir W. Temple.

    Retaining wall (Arch. *** Engin.), a wall built to keep any movable backing, or a bank of sand or earth, in its place] -- called also retain wall.

    Syn. -- To keep; hold; retrain. See Keep.

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Retain

RETA'IN, verb transitive [Latin retineo; re and teneo, to hold.]

1. To hold or keep in possession; not to lose or part with or dismiss. The memory retains ideas which facts or arguments have suggested to the mind.

They did not like to retain God in their knowledge. Romans 1:28.

2. To keep, as an associate; to keep from departure.

Whom I would have retained with me. Philemon 1:13.

3. To keep back; to hold.

An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator.

4. To hold from escape. Some substances retain heat much longer than others. Metals readily receive and transmit heat, but do not long retain it. Seek cloths that retain their color.

5. To keep in pay; to hire.

A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense.

6. To engage; to employ by a fee paid; as, to retain a counselor.

RETA'IN, verb intransitive

1. To belong to; to depend on; as coldness mixed with a somewhat languid relish retaining to bitterness.

[Not in use. We now use pertain.]

2. To keep; to continue. [Not in use.]

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I am a teacher of religion, and I testify that "words mean stuff." Webster explains that stuff better than any other source.

— Robert (Rexburg, ID)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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GALLIT'ZINITE, n. Rutile, an ore of titanium.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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