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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [rest]

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rest

REST, n. [L. resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word. See Verb.]

1. Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest, when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest, when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest. Hence,

2. Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God.

Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. Matt. 11.

3. Sleep; as, retire to rest.

4. Peace; national quiet.

The land had rest eighty years. Judges 3. Deut. 12.

5. The final sleep, death.

6. A place of quiet; permanent habitation.

Ye are not as yet come to the rest, and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. 12.

7. Any place of repose.

In dust, our final rest, and native home.

8. That on which any thing leans or lies for support. 1Kings 6.

Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest.

9. In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.

10. In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.

11. Final hope.

Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. Obs.

12. Cessation from tillage. Lev. 25.

13. The gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified.

Is. 11.

14. In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST, n. [L. resto.]

1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.

Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest, it offers us the best security that heaven can give.

2. Others; those not included in a proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.]

Plato and the rest of the philosophers -

Arm'd like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.

The election hath obtained it and the rest were blinded. Romans 11.

REST, v.i.

1. To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.

2. To cease from labor, work or performance.

God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. 2.

So the people rested on the seventh day. Ex. 16.

3. To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed.

There rest, if any rest can harbor there.

4. To cease from war; to be at peace.

And the land rested from war. Josh. 11.

5. To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.

6. To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.

7. To sleep; to slumber.

Fancy then retires into her private cell, when nature rests.

8. to sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead.

Glad I'd lay me down, as in my mother's lap; ther I should rest, and sleep secure.

9. To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.

10. to stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.

11. To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on heaven's determination.

12. To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man's promise.

13. To continue fixed. Is. 51.

14. To terminate; to come to an end. Ezek. 16.

15. To hang, lie or be fixed.

Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day.

16. To abide; to remain with.

They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. 2Kings 2. Eccles 7.

17. To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST, v.i. To be left; to remain. Obs.

REST, v.t.

1. To lay at rest; to quiet.

Your piety has paid all needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.

2. To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture.

Her weary head upon your bosom rest.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [rest]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

REST, n. [L. resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word. See Verb.]

1. Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest, when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest, when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest. Hence,

2. Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God.

Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. Matt. 11.

3. Sleep; as, retire to rest.

4. Peace; national quiet.

The land had rest eighty years. Judges 3. Deut. 12.

5. The final sleep, death.

6. A place of quiet; permanent habitation.

Ye are not as yet come to the rest, and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. 12.

7. Any place of repose.

In dust, our final rest, and native home.

8. That on which any thing leans or lies for support. 1Kings 6.

Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest.

9. In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.

10. In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.

11. Final hope.

Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. Obs.

12. Cessation from tillage. Lev. 25.

13. The gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified.

Is. 11.

14. In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST, n. [L. resto.]

1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.

Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest, it offers us the best security that heaven can give.

2. Others; those not included in a proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.]

Plato and the rest of the philosophers -

Arm'd like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.

The election hath obtained it and the rest were blinded. Romans 11.

REST, v.i.

1. To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.

2. To cease from labor, work or performance.

God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. 2.

So the people rested on the seventh day. Ex. 16.

3. To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed.

There rest, if any rest can harbor there.

4. To cease from war; to be at peace.

And the land rested from war. Josh. 11.

5. To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.

6. To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.

7. To sleep; to slumber.

Fancy then retires into her private cell, when nature rests.

8. to sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead.

Glad I'd lay me down, as in my mother's lap; ther I should rest, and sleep secure.

9. To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.

10. to stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.

11. To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on heaven's determination.

12. To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man's promise.

13. To continue fixed. Is. 51.

14. To terminate; to come to an end. Ezek. 16.

15. To hang, lie or be fixed.

Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day.

16. To abide; to remain with.

They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. 2Kings 2. Eccles 7.

17. To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST, v.i. To be left; to remain. Obs.

REST, v.t.

1. To lay at rest; to quiet.

Your piety has paid all needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.

2. To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture.

Her weary head upon your bosom rest.

REST, n.1 [Sax. rest, ræst, quiet or a lying down; Dan. G. and Sw. rast; D. rust. The German has also ruhe, Sw. ro, Dan. roe, rest, repose. In W. araws, and arosi, signify to stay, stop, wait. This Teutonic word can not be the L. resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word of the Class Rd, Rs. See the Verb.]

  1. Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as, rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest, when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest. Hence,
  2. Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God. Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. – Matth. xi.
  3. Sleep; as, retire to rest.
  4. Peace; national quiet. The land had rest eighty years. – Judges iii. Deut. xii.
  5. The final sleep, death. – Dryden.
  6. A place of quiet; permanent habitation. Ye are not as yet come to the rest, and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. – Deut. xii.
  7. Any place of repose. In dust, our final rest and native home. – Milton.
  8. That on which any thing leans or lies for support. – 1 Kings vi. Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest. – Dryden.
  9. In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.
  10. In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.
  11. Final hope. Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. [Obs.] – Bacon.
  12. Cessation from tillage. – Lev. xxv.
  13. The Gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified. – Is. xi.
  14. In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST, n.2 [Fr. reste, from rester, to remain, L. resto.]

  1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder. Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. – Tillotson.
  2. Others; proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.] Plato and the rest of the philosophers. – Stillingfleet. Arm'd like the rest, the Trojan prince appears. – Dryden. The election hath obtained, it and the rest were blinded. – Rom. xi.

REST, v.i.1 [Sax. restan, hrestan, to pause, to cease, to be quiet; D. rusten; G. rasten; Sw. rasta. See Class Rd, No. 81, 82.]

  1. To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.
  2. To cease from labor, work or performance. God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. – Gen. ii. So the people rested on the seventh day. – Exod. xvi.
  3. To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed. There rest, if any rest can harbor there. – Milton.
  4. To cease from war; to be at peace. And the land rested from war. – Josh. xi.
  5. To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.
  6. To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.
  7. To sleep; to slumber. Fancy then retires / Into her private cell, when nature rests. – Milton.
  8. To sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead. Glad I lay me down, / As in my mother's lap; there I should rest, / And sleep secure. – Milton.
  9. To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.
  10. To stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.
  11. To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on Heaven's determination. – Addison.
  12. To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man's promise.
  13. To continue fixed. – Isa. li.
  14. To terminate; to come to an end. – Ezek. xvi.
  15. To hang, lie or be fixed. Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day. – Milton.
  16. To abide; to remain with. They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. – 2 Kings ii. Eccles. vii.
  17. To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST, v.i.2 [Fr. rester.]

To be left; to remain. [Obs.] – Milton.


REST, v.t.

  1. To lay at rest; to quiet. Your piety has paid / All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade. – Dryden.
  2. To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture. Her weary head upon your bosom rest. – Waller.

Rest
  1. To arrest.

    [Obs.]
  2. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity; as, rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind.

    Chaucer.

    Sleep give thee all his rest! Shak.

  3. To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness] to desist from labor or exertion.

    God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. ii. 2.

    Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest. Ex. xxiii. 12.

  4. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.

    Your piety has paid
    All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.
    Dryden.

  5. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.

    Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and, for the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. Tillotson.

  6. To be left; to remain; to continue to be.

    The affairs of men rest still uncertain. Shak.

  7. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.

    And the land had rest fourscore years. Judges iii. 30.

  8. To be free from whanever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.

    There rest, if any rest can harbor there. Milton.

  9. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.

    Her weary head upon your bosom rest. Waller.

  10. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.

    "Plato and the rest of the philosophers." Bp. Stillingfleet.

    Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears. DRyden.

  11. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.

    How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
    By all their country's wishes blest.
    Collins.

  12. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, to rest on a couch.
  13. A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.

    [Eng.]

    Syn. -- Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve; others.

  14. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work.

    He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. 1 Kings vi. 6.

  15. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column rests on its pedestal.
  16. A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.

    Their visors closed, their lances in the rest. Dryden.

  17. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.

    Fancy . . . then retries
    Into her private cell when Nature rests.
    Milton.

  18. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.

    "Halfway houses and travelers' rests." J. H. Newman.

    In dust our final rest, and native home. Milton.

    Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. xii. 9.

  19. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.

    On him I rested, after long debate,
    And not without considering, fixed (?)(?) fate.
    Dryden.

  20. A short pause in reading verse; a cæsura.
  21. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.

    To rest in Heaven's determination. Addison.

    To rest with, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it rests with him to decide.

  22. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.

    "An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests." Abbott.
  23. A set or game at tennis.

    [Obs.]
  24. Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.

    Rest house, an empty house for the accomodation of travelers; a caravansary. [India] -- To set, or To set up, one's rest, to have a settled determination; -- from an old game of cards, when one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand. [Obs.] Shak. Bacon.

    Syn. -- Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose; slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness; tranquillity; peacefulness; peace. -- Rest, Repose. Rest is a ceasing from labor or exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words are commonly interchangeable.

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Rest

REST, noun [Latin resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word. See Verb.]

1. Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest Hence,

2. Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God.

Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. Matthew 11:28.

3. Sleep; as, retire to rest

4. Peace; national quiet.

The land had rest eighty years. Judges 3:11. Deuteronomy 12:9.

5. The final sleep, death.

6. A place of quiet; permanent habitation.

Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deuteronomy 12:9.

7. Any place of repose.

In dust, our final rest and native home.

8. That on which any thing leans or lies for support. 1 Kings 6:6.

Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest

9. In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.

10. In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.

11. Final hope.

Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. obsolete

12. Cessation from tillage. Leviticus 25:4.

13. The gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified.

Isaiah 11:2.

14. In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST, noun [Latin resto.]

1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.

Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest it offers us the best security that heaven can give.

2. Others; those not included in a proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.]

Plato and the rest of the philosophers -

Arm'd like the rest the Trojan prince appears.

The election hath obtained it and the rest were blinded. Romans 11:7.

REST, verb intransitive

1. To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.

2. To cease from labor, work or performance.

God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Genesis 2:2.

So the people rested on the seventh day. Exodus 16:23.

3. To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed.

There rest if any rest can harbor there.

4. To cease from war; to be at peace.

And the land rested from war. Joshua 11:23.

5. To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.

6. To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.

7. To sleep; to slumber.

Fancy then retires into her private cell, when nature rests.

8. to sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead.

Glad I'd lay me down, as in my mother's lap; ther I should rest and sleep secure.

9. To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.

10. to stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.

11. To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on heaven's determination.

12. To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man's promise.

13. To continue fixed. Isaiah 51:4.

14. To terminate; to come to an end. Ezekiel 16:42.

15. To hang, lie or be fixed.

Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day.

16. To abide; to remain with.

They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. 2 Kings 2:15. Ecclesiastes 7:9.

17. To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST, verb intransitive To be left; to remain. obsolete

REST, verb transitive

1. To lay at rest; to quiet.

Your piety has paid all needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.

2. To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture.

Her weary head upon your bosom rest

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importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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OVIP'AROUS, a. [L. ovum, egg, and pario, to produce.]

Producing eggs, or producing young from eggs. Fowls and reptiles are oviparous animals.

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