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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [refuse]

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refuse

REFU'SE, v.t. s as z. [L. recuso; re and the root of causor, to accuse; causa, cause. The primary sense of causor is to drive, to throw or thrust at, and recuso is to drive back, to repel or repulse, the sense of refuse.]

1. To deny a request, demand, invitation or command; to decline to do or grant what is solicited, claimed or commanded.

Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border. Num. 20.

2. To decline to accept what is offered; as, to refuse an office; to refuse an offer.

If they refuse to take the cup at thy hand - Jer. 25.

3. To reject; as, to refuse instruction or reproof.

Prov. 10.

The stone which the builders refused is become the head of the corner. Ps. 118.

[Note - Refuse expenses rejection more strongly than decline.]

REFU'SE, v.i. s as z. To decline to accept; not to comply.

Too proud to ask, to humble too refuse.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [refuse]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

REFU'SE, v.t. s as z. [L. recuso; re and the root of causor, to accuse; causa, cause. The primary sense of causor is to drive, to throw or thrust at, and recuso is to drive back, to repel or repulse, the sense of refuse.]

1. To deny a request, demand, invitation or command; to decline to do or grant what is solicited, claimed or commanded.

Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border. Num. 20.

2. To decline to accept what is offered; as, to refuse an office; to refuse an offer.

If they refuse to take the cup at thy hand - Jer. 25.

3. To reject; as, to refuse instruction or reproof.

Prov. 10.

The stone which the builders refused is become the head of the corner. Ps. 118.

[Note - Refuse expenses rejection more strongly than decline.]

REFU'SE, v.i. s as z. To decline to accept; not to comply.

Too proud to ask, to humble too refuse.

REF'USE, a. [Fr. refus, refusal, denial, and that which is denied.]

Literally, refused; rejected; hence, worthless; of no value; left as unworthy of reception; as, the refuse parts of stone or timber. Please to bestow on him the refuse letters. – Spectator.


REF'USE, n.1

That which is refused or rejected as useless; waste matter. – Hooker. Bacon. Addison.


RE-FUSE, n.2

Refusal. [Obs.] – Fairfax.


RE-FUSE, v.i. [s as z.]

To decline to accept; not to comply. Too proud to ask, too humble to refuse. – Garth.


RE-FUSE, v.t. [s as z. Fr. refuse; Arm. reusi, reusein; It. rifiutare, rifusare; Sp. rehusar; Port. refusar; L. recuso; re and the root of causor, to accuse; causa, cause. The primary sense of causor is to drive, to throw or thrust at, and recuso is to drive back, to repel or repulse, the sense of refuse.]

  1. To deny a request, demand, invitation or command; to decline to do or grant what is solicited, claimed or commanded. Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border. – Num. xx.
  2. To decline to accept what is offered; as, to refuse an office; to refuse an offer. If they refuse to take the cup at thy band. – Jer. xxv.
  3. To reject; as, to refuse instruction or reproof. – Prov. x. The stone which the builders refused is become the head of the corner. – Ps. cxviii. Note. Refuse expresses rejection more strongly than decline.

Re*fuse"
  1. To deny, as a request, demand, invitation, or command] to decline to do or grant.

    That never yet refused your hest. Chaucer.

  2. To deny compliance; not to comply.

    Too proud to ask, too humble to refuse. Garth.

    If ye refuse . . . ye shall be devoured with the sword. Isa. i. 20.

  3. Refusal.

    [Obs.] Fairfax.
  4. That which is refused or rejected as useless; waste or worthless matter.

    Syn. -- Dregs; sediment; scum; recrement; dross.

  5. Refused; rejected; hence; left as unworthy of acceptance; of no value; worthless.

    Everything that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly. 1. Sam. xv. 9.

  6. To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the center, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular aligment when troops ar(?) about to engage the enemy; as, to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks.
  7. To decline to accept; to reject; to deny the request or petition of; as, to refuse a suitor.

    The cunning workman never doth refuse
    The meanest tool that he may chance to use.
    Herbert.

  8. To disown.

    [Obs.] "Refuse thy name." Shak.
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Refuse

REFU'SE, verb transitive s as z. [Latin recuso; re and the root of causor, to accuse; causa, cause. The primary sense of causor is to drive, to throw or thrust at, and recuso is to drive back, to repel or repulse, the sense of refuse ]

1. To deny a request, demand, invitation or command; to decline to do or grant what is solicited, claimed or commanded.

Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border. Numbers 20:21.

2. To decline to accept what is offered; as, to refuse an office; to refuse an offer.

If they refuse to take the cup at thy hand - Jeremiah 25:28.

3. To reject; as, to refuse instruction or reproof.

Proverbs 10:1.

The stone which the builders refused is become the head of the corner. Psalms 118:22.

[Note - refuse expenses rejection more strongly than decline.]

REFU'SE, verb intransitive s as z. To decline to accept; not to comply.

Too proud to ask, to humble too refuse

REF'USE, adjective

Literally, refused; rejected; hence, worthless; of no value; left as unworthy of reception; as the refuse parts of stone or timber.

Please to bestow on him the refuse letters.

REF'USE, noun That which is refused or rejected as useless; waste matter.

REFU'SE, noun Refusal. obsolete

Why 1828?

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It sticks more closely to the original, expanded definitions of the word.

— SHARON (Dover, AR)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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BUCK'SKIN, n. The skin of a buck. As an adjective, made of leather prepared from the skin of a buck.

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