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Monday - February 17, 2020

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
- Preface

1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [refer]

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refer

REFER', v.t. [L. refero; re and fero, to bear.]

1. To direct, leave or deliver over to another person or tribunal for information or decision; as when parties to a suit refer their cause to another court; or the court refers a cause to individuals for examination and report. A person whose opinion is requested, sometimes refers the inquirer to another person or other source of information.

2. To reduce as to the ultimate end.

You profess and practice to refer all things to yourself.

3. To reduce; to assign; as to an order, genus or class. Naturalists are sometimes at a loss to know to what class or genus an animal or plant is to be referred.

To refer one's self, to betake; to apply. [Little used.]

REFER', v.i.

1. To respect; to have relation. Many passages of Scripture refer to the peculiar customs of the orientals.

2. To appeal; to have recourse; to apply.

In suits it is good to refer to some friend of trust.

3. To allude; to have respect to by intimation without naming. I refer to a well known fact.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [refer]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

REFER', v.t. [L. refero; re and fero, to bear.]

1. To direct, leave or deliver over to another person or tribunal for information or decision; as when parties to a suit refer their cause to another court; or the court refers a cause to individuals for examination and report. A person whose opinion is requested, sometimes refers the inquirer to another person or other source of information.

2. To reduce as to the ultimate end.

You profess and practice to refer all things to yourself.

3. To reduce; to assign; as to an order, genus or class. Naturalists are sometimes at a loss to know to what class or genus an animal or plant is to be referred.

To refer one's self, to betake; to apply. [Little used.]

REFER', v.i.

1. To respect; to have relation. Many passages of Scripture refer to the peculiar customs of the orientals.

2. To appeal; to have recourse; to apply.

In suits it is good to refer to some friend of trust.

3. To allude; to have respect to by intimation without naming. I refer to a well known fact.

RE-FER', v.i.

  1. To respect; to have relation. Many passages of Scripture refer to the peculiar customs of the orientals.
  2. To appeal; to have recourse; to apply. In suits it is good to refer to some friend of trust. – Bacon.
  3. To allude; to have respect to by intimation without naming. I refer to a well known fact.

RE-FER', v.t. [L. refero; re and fero, to bear; Fr. referrer; It. referire; Sp. and Port. referir.]

  1. To direct, leave or deliver over to another person or tribunal for information or decision; as when parties to a suit refer their cause to another court; or the court refers a cause to individuals for examination and report. A person whose opinion is requested, sometimes refers the inquirer to another person or other source of information.
  2. To reduce as to the ultimate end. You profess and practice to refer all things to yourself. – Bacon.
  3. To reduce; to assign; as, to an order, genus or class. Naturalists are sometimes at a loss to know to what class or genus an animal or plant is to be referred. To refer one's self, to betake; to apply. [Little used.] – Shak.

Re*fer"
  1. To carry or send back.

    [Obs.] Chaucer.
  2. To have recourse; to apply; to appeal; to betake one's self; as, to refer to a dictionary.

    In suits . . . it is to refer to some friend of trust. Bacon.

  3. Hence: To send or direct away; to send or direct elsewhere, as for treatment, aid, information, decision, etc.; to make over, or pass over, to another; as, to refer a student to an author; to refer a beggar to an officer; to refer a bill to a committee; a court refers a matter of fact to a commissioner for investigation, or refers a question of law to a superior tribunal.
  4. To have relation or reference; to relate; to point; as, the figure refers to a footnote.

    Of those places that refer to the shutting and opening the abyss, I take notice of that in Job. Bp. Burnet.

  5. To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation; as, he referred the phenomena to electrical disturbances.

    To refer one's self, to have recourse; to betake one's self; to make application; to appeal. [Obs.]

    I'll refer me to all things sense. Shak.

  6. To carry the mind or thought; to direct attention; as, the preacher referred to the late election.
  7. To direct inquiry for information or a guarantee of any kind, as in respect to one's integrity, capacity, pecuniary ability, and the like; as, I referred to his employer for the truth of his story.

    Syn. -- To allude; advert; suggest; appeal. Refer, Allude, Advert. We refer to a thing by specifically and distinctly introducing it into our discourse. We allude to it by introducing it indirectly or indefinitely, as by something collaterally allied to it. We advert to it by turning off somewhat abruptly to consider it more at large. Thus, Macaulay refers to the early condition of England at the opening of his history; he alludes to these statements from time to time; and adverts, in the progress of his work, to various circumstances of peculiar interest, on which for a time he dwells. "But to do good is . . . that that Solomon chiefly refers to in the text." Sharp. "This, I doubt not, was that artificial structure here alluded to." T. Burnet.

    Now to the universal whole advert:
    The earth regard as of that whole a part.
    Blackmore.

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Refer

REFER', verb transitive [Latin refero; re and fero, to bear.]

1. To direct, leave or deliver over to another person or tribunal for information or decision; as when parties to a suit refer their cause to another court; or the court refers a cause to individuals for examination and report. A person whose opinion is requested, sometimes refers the inquirer to another person or other source of information.

2. To reduce as to the ultimate end.

You profess and practice to refer all things to yourself.

3. To reduce; to assign; as to an order, genus or class. Naturalists are sometimes at a loss to know to what class or genus an animal or plant is to be referred.

To refer one's self, to betake; to apply. [Little used.]

REFER', verb intransitive

1. To respect; to have relation. Many passages of Scripture refer to the peculiar customs of the orientals.

2. To appeal; to have recourse; to apply.

In suits it is good to refer to some friend of trust.

3. To allude; to have respect to by intimation without naming. I refer to a well known fact.

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— Gary (Sulphur Springs, TX)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

reinsertion

REINSER'TION, n. A second insertion.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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