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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [read]

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read

READ, n. [See the Verb.]

1. Counsel. [Obs.]

2. Saying; sentence. Obs.

READ, v.t. The preterit and pp. read, is pronounced red. [Gr. to say or tell, to flow; a speaker, a rhetorician. The primary sense of read is to speak, to utter, that is, to push, drive or advance. This is also the primary sense of ready, that is, prompt or advancing, quick. L. gratia, the primary sense of which is prompt to favor, advancing towards, free. The elements of these words are the same as those of ride and L. gradior, &c. The sense of reason is secondary, that which is uttered, said or set forth; hence counsel also. See Ready.]

1. To utter or pronounce written or printed words, letters or characters in the proper order; to repeat the names or utter the sounds customarily annexed to words, letters or characters; as, to read a written or printed discourse; to read the letters of an alphabet; to read figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music.

2. To inspect and understand words or characters; to peruse silently; as, to read a paper or letter without uttering the words; to read to one's self.

3. To discover or understand by characters, marks or features; as, to read a man's thoughts in his countenance.

To read the interior structure of the globe.

An armed corse did lie, in whose dead face he read great magnanimity.

4. To learn by observation.

Those about her from her shall read the perfect ways of honor.

5. To know fully.

Who is't can read a woman?

6. To suppose; to guess. Obs.

7. To advise. Obs.

READ, v.i.

1. To perform the act of reading.

So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. Neh. 8.

2. To be studious; to practice much reading.

It is sure that Fleury roads.

3. To learn by reading.

I have read of an eastern king who put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence.

4. To tell; to declare. [Not in use.]

READ, pp. red.

1. Uttered; pronounced, as written words in the proper order; as, the letter was read to the family.

2. Silently perused.

READ, a. red. Instructed or knowing by reading; versed in books; learned. Well read is the phrase commonly used; as well read in history; well read in the classics.

A poet well read in Longinus -



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [read]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

READ, n. [See the Verb.]

1. Counsel. [Obs.]

2. Saying; sentence. Obs.

READ, v.t. The preterit and pp. read, is pronounced red. [Gr. to say or tell, to flow; a speaker, a rhetorician. The primary sense of read is to speak, to utter, that is, to push, drive or advance. This is also the primary sense of ready, that is, prompt or advancing, quick. L. gratia, the primary sense of which is prompt to favor, advancing towards, free. The elements of these words are the same as those of ride and L. gradior, &c. The sense of reason is secondary, that which is uttered, said or set forth; hence counsel also. See Ready.]

1. To utter or pronounce written or printed words, letters or characters in the proper order; to repeat the names or utter the sounds customarily annexed to words, letters or characters; as, to read a written or printed discourse; to read the letters of an alphabet; to read figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music.

2. To inspect and understand words or characters; to peruse silently; as, to read a paper or letter without uttering the words; to read to one's self.

3. To discover or understand by characters, marks or features; as, to read a man's thoughts in his countenance.

To read the interior structure of the globe.

An armed corse did lie, in whose dead face he read great magnanimity.

4. To learn by observation.

Those about her from her shall read the perfect ways of honor.

5. To know fully.

Who is't can read a woman?

6. To suppose; to guess. Obs.

7. To advise. Obs.

READ, v.i.

1. To perform the act of reading.

So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. Neh. 8.

2. To be studious; to practice much reading.

It is sure that Fleury roads.

3. To learn by reading.

I have read of an eastern king who put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence.

4. To tell; to declare. [Not in use.]

READ, pp. red.

1. Uttered; pronounced, as written words in the proper order; as, the letter was read to the family.

2. Silently perused.

READ, a. red. Instructed or knowing by reading; versed in books; learned. Well read is the phrase commonly used; as well read in history; well read in the classics.

A poet well read in Longinus -

READ, a. [red.]

Instructed or knowing by reading; versed in books; learned. Well read is the phrase commonly used; as, well read in history; well read in the classics. A poet well read in Longinus. – Addison.


READ, n. [Sax. ræd. See the verb.]

  1. Counsel. [Obs.] – Sternhold.
  2. Saying; sentence. [Obs.] – Spenser.

READ, pp. [red.]

  1. Uttered; pronounced, as written words in the roper order; as, the letter was read to the family.
  2. Silently perused.

READ, v.i.

  1. To perform the act of reading. So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. – Neh. viii.
  2. To be studious; to practice much reading. It is sure that Fleury reads. – Taylor.
  3. To learn by reading. I hare read of an Eastern king who put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence. – Swift.
  4. To tell; to declare. [Not in use.] – Spenser.

READ, v.t. [The preterit and pp. read, is pronounced red. Sax. ræd, rad, red, speech, discourse, counsel, advice, knowledge, benefit, reason; rædan, redan, to read, to decree, to appoint, to command, to rule or govern, to conjecture, to give or take counsel; arædan, to read, to tell, to narrate; gerædan, to read, to consult; gerad, mode, condition or state, reason, ratio or account, knowledge, instruction or learning, and as an adjective or participle, knowing, instructed, ready, suited; gerad beon, to be ready, to accord or agree; geradod, excited, quick. These significations unite this word with ready – which see. G. rede, speech, talk, account; reden, to speak; D. rede, speech; reden, reason; Dan. rede, account, and ready; G. bereden, to berate; rath, advice, counsel, a council or senate; rathen, to advise, to conjecture or guess, to solve a riddle; D. raad, counsel, advice; raaden, to counsel; Sw. råd, Dan. raad, counsel; råda, raader, to counsel, to instruct; W. rhaith, straight, right, that is, set right, decision, verdict; rheitheg, rhetoric, from rhaith; Dan. ret, law, justice, right, reason; Sw. rått, råtta, id.; Ir. radh, a saying; radham, to say, tell, relate; W. adrawz, to tell or rehearse; Gr. ῥεω, for ῥεθω, to say or tell, to flow; ῥητωρ, a speaker, a rhetorician; Goth. rodyan, to speak. The primary sense of read is to speak, to utter, that is, to push, drive or advance. This is also the primary sense of ready, that is, prompt or advancing quick. The Sax. gerad, ready, accords also in elements with the W. rhâd, L. gratia, the primary sense of which is prompt to favor, advancing towards, free. The elements of these words are the same as those of ride and L. gradior, &c. The sense of reason is secondary, that which is uttered, said or set forth; hence counsel also. The Sw. råtta, Dan. ret, if not contracted words, are from the same root. See Ready. Class Rd, No. 1, 3, 5, 9, 26.]

  1. To utter or pronounce written or printed words, letters or characters in the proper order; to repeat the names or utter the sounds customarily annexed to words, letters or characters, to read a written or printed discourse; to read the letters of an alphabet; to read figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music.
  2. To inspect and understand words or characters; to peruse silently as, to read a paper or letter without uttering the words; to read to one's self.
  3. To discover or understand by characters, marks or features; as, to read a man's thoughts in his countenance. To read the interior structure of the globe. – Journ. of Science. An armed corse did lie, / In whose dead face he read great magnanimity. – Spenser.
  4. To learn by observation. Those about her / From her shall read the perfect ways of honor. – Shak.
  5. To know fully. Who is't can read a woman? – Shak.
  6. To suppose to guess. [Obs.] – Spenser.
  7. To advise. [Obs.] – Spenser.

Read
  1. Rennet. See 3d Reed.

    [Prov. Eng.]
  2. To advise; to counsel.

    [Obs.] See Rede.

    Therefore, I read thee, get thee to God's word, and thereby try all doctrine. Tyndale.

  3. To give advice or counsel.

    [Obs.]
  4. Saying; sentence; maxim; hence, word; advice; counsel. See Rede.

    [Obs.]
  5. imp. *** p. p. of Read, v. t. & i.
  6. Instructed or knowing by reading; versed in books; learned.

    A poet . . . well read in Longinus. Addison.

  7. To interpret; to explain; as, to read a riddle.
  8. To tell; to declare.

    [Obs.] Spenser.
  9. Reading.

    [Colloq.] Hume.

    One newswoman here lets magazines for a penny a read. Furnivall.

  10. To tell; to declare; to recite.

    [Obs.]

    But read how art thou named, and of what kin. Spenser.

  11. To perform the act of reading; to peruse, or to go over and utter aloud, the words of a book or other like document.

    So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. Neh. viii. 8.

  12. To go over, as characters or words, and utter aloud, or recite to one's self inaudibly; to take in the sense of, as of language, by interpreting the characters with which it is expressed; to peruse; as, to read a discourse; to read the letters of an alphabet; to read figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music; to read a book.

    Redeth [read ye] the great poet of Itaille. Chaucer.

    Well could he rede a lesson or a story. Chaucer.

  13. To study by reading; as, he read for the bar.
  14. Hence, to know fully; to comprehend.

    Who is't can read a woman? Shak.

  15. To learn by reading.

    I have read of an Eastern king who put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence. Swift.

  16. To discover or understand by characters, marks, features, etc.; to learn by observation.

    An armed corse did lie,
    In whose dead face he read great magnanimity.
    Spenser.

    Those about her
    From her shall read the perfect ways of honor.
    Shak.

  17. To appear in writing or print; to be expressed by, or consist of, certain words or characters; as, the passage reads thus in the early manuscripts.
  18. To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks; as, to read theology or law.

    To read one's self in, to read aloud the Thirty-nine Articles and the Declaration of Assent, -- required of a clergyman of the Church of England when he first officiates in a new benefice.

  19. To produce a certain effect when read; as, that sentence reads queerly.

    To read between the lines, to infer something different from what is plainly indicated; to detect the real meaning as distinguished from the apparent meaning.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Read

READ, noun [See the Verb.]

1. Counsel. [Obs.]

2. Saying; sentence. obsolete

READ, verb transitive The preterit and participle passive read is pronounced red. [Gr. to say or tell, to flow; a speaker, a rhetorician. The primary sense of read is to speak, to utter, that is, to push, drive or advance. This is also the primary sense of ready, that is, prompt or advancing, quick. Latin gratia, the primary sense of which is prompt to favor, advancing towards, free. The elements of these words are the same as those of ride and Latin gradior, etc. The sense of reason is secondary, that which is uttered, said or set forth; hence counsel also. See Ready.]

1. To utter or pronounce written or printed words, letters or characters in the proper order; to repeat the names or utter the sounds customarily annexed to words, letters or characters; as, to read a written or printed discourse; to read the letters of an alphabet; to read figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music.

2. To inspect and understand words or characters; to peruse silently; as, to read a paper or letter without uttering the words; to read to one's self.

3. To discover or understand by characters, marks or features; as, to read a man's thoughts in his countenance.

To read the interior structure of the globe.

An armed corse did lie, in whose dead face he read great magnanimity.

4. To learn by observation.

Those about her from her shall read the perfect ways of honor.

5. To know fully.

Who is't can read a woman?

6. To suppose; to guess. obsolete

7. To advise. obsolete

READ, verb intransitive

1. To perform the act of reading.

So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense. Nehemiah 8:3.

2. To be studious; to practice much reading.

It is sure that Fleury roads.

3. To learn by reading.

I have read of an eastern king who put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence.

4. To tell; to declare. [Not in use.]

READ, participle passive red.

1. Uttered; pronounced, as written words in the proper order; as, the letter was read to the family.

2. Silently perused.

READ, adjective red. Instructed or knowing by reading; versed in books; learned. Well read is the phrase commonly used; as well read in history; well read in the classics.

A poet well read in Longinus -

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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bridgy

BRIDG'Y, a. Full of bridges. [Not used.]

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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