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Tuesday - December 11, 2018

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [rape]

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rape

RAPE, n. [L. rapio, raptus. See Rap.]

1. In a general sense, a seizing by violence; also, a seizing and carrying away by force, as females.

2. In law, the carnal knowledge of a woman forcibly and against her will.

3. Privation; the act of seizing or taking away.

And ruin'd orphans of thy rapes complain.

4. something taken or seized and carried away.

Where now are all my hopes? oh, never more shall they revive, nor death her rapes restore.

5. Fruit plucked from the cluster.

6. A division of a county in Sussex, in England; or an intermediate division between a hundred and a shire, and containing three or four hundreds.

RAPE, n. [L. rapa, Gr.]

A plant of the genus Brassica, called also cole-rape and cole-seed, and of which the navew or French turnip is a variety.

The broom-rape is of the genus Orobanche.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [rape]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

RAPE, n. [L. rapio, raptus. See Rap.]

1. In a general sense, a seizing by violence; also, a seizing and carrying away by force, as females.

2. In law, the carnal knowledge of a woman forcibly and against her will.

3. Privation; the act of seizing or taking away.

And ruin'd orphans of thy rapes complain.

4. something taken or seized and carried away.

Where now are all my hopes? oh, never more shall they revive, nor death her rapes restore.

5. Fruit plucked from the cluster.

6. A division of a county in Sussex, in England; or an intermediate division between a hundred and a shire, and containing three or four hundreds.

RAPE, n. [L. rapa, Gr.]

A plant of the genus Brassica, called also cole-rape and cole-seed, and of which the navew or French turnip is a variety.

The broom-rape is of the genus Orobanche.

RAPE, n.1 [L. rapio, raptus; It. ratto; Fr. rapt; W. rhaib, a snatching; rheibiaw, to snatch. See Rap.]

  1. In a general sense, a seizing by violence; also, a seizing and carrying away by force, as females. – Mitford.
  2. In law, the carnal knowledge of a woman forcibly and against her will. Blackstone.
  3. Privation; the act of seizing or taking away. – Chapman. And ruin'd orphans of thy rapes complain. – Sandys.
  4. Something taken or seized and carried away. Where now are all my hopes, oh, never more / Shall they revive, nor death her rapes restore. – Sandy.
  5. Fruit plucked from the cluster. – Ray.
  6. A division of a county in Sussex, in England; or an intermediate division between a hundred and a shire, and containing three or four hundreds. – Blackstone.

RAPE, n.2 [Ir. raib; L. rapa, rapum; Gr. ῥαπυς; D. raap; G. rübe; Sw. rofva.]

One of the names of the Brassica Rapa, or common turnep. This is the plant to which this name properly belongs; but, with the prefixed epithet wild, it is applied also to the Brassica Napus, Navew, or French turnep. An oil is obtained from the seed of the latter, which is called rape-seed-oil, and rape-oil. The broom-rape is of the genus Orobanche.


Rape
  1. Fruit, as grapes, plucked from the cluster.

    Ray.
  2. The act of seizing and carrying away by force; violent seizure; robbery.

    And ruined orphans of thy rapes complain. Sandys.

  3. To commit rape upon; to ravish.

    To rape and ren. See under Rap, v. t., to snatch.

  4. To rob; to pillage.

    [Obs.] Heywood.
  5. One of six divisions of the county of Sussex, England, intermediate between a hundred and a shire.
  6. A name given to a variety or to varieties of a plant of the turnip kind, grown for seeds and herbage. The seeds are used for the production of rape oil, and to a limited extent for the food of cage birds.

    * These plants, with the edible turnip, have been variously named, but are all now believed to be derived from the Brassica campestris of Europe, which by some is not considered distinct from the wild stock (B. oleracea) of the cabbage. See Cole.

    Broom rape. (Bot.) See Broom rape, in the Vocabulary. -- Rape cake, the refuse remaining after the oil has been expressed from the rape seed. -- Rape root. Same as Rape. -- Summer rape. (Bot.) See Colza.

  7. The refuse stems and skins of grapes or raisins from which the must has been expressed in wine making.
  8. Sexual connection with a woman without her consent. See Age of consent, under Consent, n.
  9. A filter containing the above refuse, used in clarifying and perfecting malt, vinegar, etc.

    Rape wine, a poor, thin wine made from the last dregs of pressed grapes.

  10. That which is snatched away.

    [Obs.]

    Where now are all my hopes? O, never more
    Shall they revive! nor death her rapes restore.
    Sandys.

  11. Movement, as in snatching; haste; hurry.

    [Obs.]
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Rape

RAPE, noun [Latin rapio, raptus. See Rap.]

1. In a general sense, a seizing by violence; also, a seizing and carrying away by force, as females.

2. In law, the carnal knowledge of a woman forcibly and against her will.

3. Privation; the act of seizing or taking away.

And ruin'd orphans of thy rapes complain.

4. something taken or seized and carried away.

Where now are all my hopes? oh, never more shall they revive, nor death her rapes restore.

5. Fruit plucked from the cluster.

6. A division of a county in Sussex, in England; or an intermediate division between a hundred and a shire, and containing three or four hundreds.

RAPE, noun [Latin rapa, Gr.]

A plant of the genus Brassica, called also cole-rape and cole-seed, and of which the navew or French turnip is a variety.

The broom-rape is of the genus Orobanche.

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importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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