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Tuesday - December 18, 2018

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [rake]

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rake

RAKE, n.

An instrument consisting of a head-piece in which teeth are inserted, and a long handle; used for collecting hay or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or in gardens for breaking and smoothing the earth.

RAKE, n.

A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a man addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices.

RAKE, n.

1. The projection of the upper parts of a ship, at the height of the stem and stern, beyond the extremities of the keel. The distance between a perpendicular line from the extremity of stem or stern to the end of the keel, is the length of the rake; one the fore-rake, the other the rake-aft.

2. The inclination of a mast from a perpendicular direction.

RAKE, v.t. [L. frico.]

1. Properly, to scrape; to rub or scratch with something rough; as, to rake the ground.

2. To gather with a rake; as, to rake hay or barley.

3. To clear with a rake; to smooth with a rake; as, to rake a bed in a garden; to rake land.

4. To collect or draw together something scattered; to gather by violence; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.

5. To scour; to search with eagerness all corners of a place.

The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.

6. In the military art, to enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of any thing; particularly in naval engagement, to rake is to cannonade a ship on the stern or head, so that the

balls range the whole length of the deck. Hence the phrase, to rake a ship fore and aft.

To rake up, applied to fire, is to cover the fire with ashes.

RAKE, v.i.

1. To scrape; to scratch into for finding something; to search minutely and meanly; as, to rake into a dunghill.

2. To search with minute inspection into every part.

One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words.

3. To pass with violence or rapidity.

Pas could not stay, but over him did rake.

4. To seek by raking; as, to rake for oysters.

5. To lead a dissolute, debauched life.

6. To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [rake]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

RAKE, n.

An instrument consisting of a head-piece in which teeth are inserted, and a long handle; used for collecting hay or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or in gardens for breaking and smoothing the earth.

RAKE, n.

A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a man addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices.

RAKE, n.

1. The projection of the upper parts of a ship, at the height of the stem and stern, beyond the extremities of the keel. The distance between a perpendicular line from the extremity of stem or stern to the end of the keel, is the length of the rake; one the fore-rake, the other the rake-aft.

2. The inclination of a mast from a perpendicular direction.

RAKE, v.t. [L. frico.]

1. Properly, to scrape; to rub or scratch with something rough; as, to rake the ground.

2. To gather with a rake; as, to rake hay or barley.

3. To clear with a rake; to smooth with a rake; as, to rake a bed in a garden; to rake land.

4. To collect or draw together something scattered; to gather by violence; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.

5. To scour; to search with eagerness all corners of a place.

The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.

6. In the military art, to enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of any thing; particularly in naval engagement, to rake is to cannonade a ship on the stern or head, so that the

balls range the whole length of the deck. Hence the phrase, to rake a ship fore and aft.

To rake up, applied to fire, is to cover the fire with ashes.

RAKE, v.i.

1. To scrape; to scratch into for finding something; to search minutely and meanly; as, to rake into a dunghill.

2. To search with minute inspection into every part.

One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words.

3. To pass with violence or rapidity.

Pas could not stay, but over him did rake.

4. To seek by raking; as, to rake for oysters.

5. To lead a dissolute, debauched life.

6. To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.

RAKE, n.1 [Sax. raca, race; G. rechen; Ir. raca; W. rhacai, rhacan. See the Verb.]

An instrument consisting of a head-piece in which teeth are other light things which are spread over a large surface, or in gardens for breaking and smoothing the earth.


RAKE, n.2 [Dan. rækel; probably from the root of break.]

A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a man addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices. – Addison. Pope.


RAKE, n.3 [Sax. racan, to reach.]

  1. The projection of the upper parts of a ship, at the highth of the stem and stern, beyond the extremities of the keel. The distance between a perpendicular line from the extremity of stem or stern to the end of the keel, is the length of the rake; one the fore-rite, the other the rake-oft.
  2. The inclination of a mast from a perpendicular direction. – Mar. Dict.
  3. The forward inclination of a mill-saw.

RAKE, v.i.

  1. To scrape: to scratch into for finding something; to search minutely and meanly; as, to rake into a dunghill. – South.
  2. To search with minute inspection into every part. One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words. – Dryden.
  3. To pass with violence or rapidity. Pas could not stay, but over him did rake. – Sidney.
  4. To seek by raking; as, to rake for oysters.
  5. To lead a dissolute, debauched life. – Shenstone.
  6. To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.

RAKE, v.t. [Sax. racian; Sw. raka; Dan. rager, to shave, to rake; Corn. rackan; W. rhacanu; Ir. racam; G. rechen; Fr. racler; Arm. racla. The D. hark, harken, is our harrow, but of the same family, the great family of break, crack, L. frico. Class Rg, No. 34, 38, 47.]

  1. Properly, to scrape; to rub or scratch with something rough; as, to rake the ground.
  2. To gather with a rake; as, to rake hay or barley.
  3. To clear with a rake; to smooth with a rake; as, to rule a bed in a garden; to rake land.
  4. To collect or draw together something scattered; to gather by violence; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.
  5. To scour; to search with eagerness all corners of a place. The statesman rakes the town to find a plot. – Swift.
  6. In the military art, to enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of any thing; particularly in naval engagements, to rake is to cannonade a ship on the stern or head, so that the balls range the whole length of the deck. Hence the phrase, to rake a ship fore and aft. To rake up, applied to fire, is to cover the fire with ashes.

Rake
  1. An implement consisting of a headpiece having teeth, and a long handle at right angles to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or for breaking and smoothing the earth.
  2. To collect with a rake] as, to rake hay; -- often with up; as, he raked up the fallen leaves.
  3. To use a rake, as for searching or for collecting; to scrape; to search minutely.

    One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words. Dryden.

  4. The inclination of anything from a perpendicular direction; as, the rake of a roof, a staircase, etc.

    ; especially (Naut.)
  5. To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.

    Raking course (Bricklaying), a course of bricks laid diagonally between the face courses in a thick wall, to strengthen it.

  6. A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a person addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices; a debauchee; a roué.

    An illiterate and frivolous old rake. Macaulay.

  7. To walk about; to gad or ramble idly.

    [Prov. Eng.]
  8. A toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.
  9. To collect or draw together with laborious industry; to gather from a wide space; to scrape together; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.
  10. To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along.

    Pas could not stay, but over him did rake. Sir P. Sidney.

  11. To act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life.

    Shenstone.

    To rake out (Falconry), to fly too far and wide from its master while hovering above waiting till the game is sprung; -- said of the hawk. Encyc. Brit.

  12. A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so; -- called also rake-vein.

    Gill rakes. (Anat.) See under 1st Gill.

  13. To pass a rake over; to scrape or scratch with a rake for the purpose of collecting and clearing off something, or for stirring up the soil; as, to rake a lawn; to rake a flower bed.
  14. To search through; to scour; to ransack.

    The statesman rakes the town to find a plot. Swift.

  15. To scrape or scratch across; to pass over quickly and lightly, as a rake does.

    Like clouds that rake the mountain summits. Wordsworth.

  16. To enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of; in naval engagements, to cannonade, as a ship, on the stern or head so that the balls range the whole length of the deck.

    To rake up. (a) To collect together, as the fire (live coals), and cover with ashes. (b) To bring up; to search out and bring to notice again; as, to rake up old scandals.

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Rake

RAKE, noun

An instrument consisting of a head-piece in which teeth are inserted, and a long handle; used for collecting hay or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or in gardens for breaking and smoothing the earth.

RAKE, noun

A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a man addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices.

RAKE, noun

1. The projection of the upper parts of a ship, at the height of the stem and stern, beyond the extremities of the keel. The distance between a perpendicular line from the extremity of stem or stern to the end of the keel, is the length of the rake; one the fore-rake, the other the rake-aft.

2. The inclination of a mast from a perpendicular direction.

RAKE, verb transitive [Latin frico.]

1. Properly, to scrape; to rub or scratch with something rough; as, to rake the ground.

2. To gather with a rake; as, to rake hay or barley.

3. To clear with a rake; to smooth with a rake; as, to rake a bed in a garden; to rake land.

4. To collect or draw together something scattered; to gather by violence; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.

5. To scour; to search with eagerness all corners of a place.

The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.

6. In the military art, to enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of any thing; particularly in naval engagement, to rake is to cannonade a ship on the stern or head, so that the

balls range the whole length of the deck. Hence the phrase, to rake a ship fore and aft.

To rake up, applied to fire, is to cover the fire with ashes.

RAKE, verb intransitive

1. To scrape; to scratch into for finding something; to search minutely and meanly; as, to rake into a dunghill.

2. To search with minute inspection into every part.

One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words.

3. To pass with violence or rapidity.

Pas could not stay, but over him did rake

4. To seek by raking; as, to rake for oysters.

5. To lead a dissolute, debauched life.

6. To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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reinsure

REINSU'RE, v.t. [re and insure.] To insure the same property a second time by other underwriters.

The insurer may cause the property insured to be reinsured by other persons.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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