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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [polish]

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polish

PO'LISH, a. Pertaining to Poland, a level country on the south of Russia and the Baltic.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [polish]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

PO'LISH, a. Pertaining to Poland, a level country on the south of Russia and the Baltic.


PO'LISH, a. [from Slav. pole, a plain, whence Poland. See the Verb.]

Pertaining to Poland, a level country on the south of Russia and the Baltic.


POL'ISH, n.

  1. A smooth glossy surface produced by friction. Another prism of clearer glass and better polish seemed free from veins. Newton.
  2. Refinement; elegance of manners. What are these wond'rous civilizing arts, / This Roman polish? – Addison.

POL'ISH, v.i.

To become smooth; to receive a gloss; to take a smooth and glossy surface. Steel will polish almost as white and bright as silver. – Bacon.


POL'ISH, v.t. [Fr. polir, polissant; Arm. pouliçza; It. polire or pulire; Sp. polir, pulir; L. polio; Dan. polerer; Sw. polera; Russ. poliruyu; W. caboli, with a prefix; Ar. حَفَلَ chafala, to polish. Qu. its alliance to filc.]

  1. To make smooth and glossy, usually by friction; as, to polish glass, marble, metals and the like.
  2. To refine; to wear off rudeness, rusticity and coarseness; to make elegant and polite; as, to polish life or manners. – Milton. The Greeks were polished by the Asiatics and Egyptians. – S.S. Smith.

Pol"ish
  1. Of or pertaining to Poland or its inhabitants.

    - - n.
  2. To make smooth and glossy, usually by friction] to burnish; to overspread with luster; as, to polish glass, marble, metals, etc.
  3. To become smooth, as from friction; to receive a gloss; to take a smooth and glossy surface; as, steel polishes well.

    Bacon.
  4. A smooth, glossy surface, usually produced by friction; a gloss or luster.

    Another prism of clearer glass and better polish. Sir I. Newton.

  5. Hence, to refine; to wear off the rudeness, coarseness, or rusticity of; to make elegant and polite; as, to polish life or manners.

    Milton.

    To polish off, to finish completely, as an adversary. [Slang] W. H. Russell.

  6. Anything used to produce a gloss.
  7. Fig.: Refinement; elegance of manners.

    This Roman polish and this smooth behavior. Addison.

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Polish

PO'LISH, adjective Pertaining to Poland, a level country on the south of Russia and the Baltic.

POL'ISH, verb transitive [Latin polio.]

1. To make smooth and glossy, usually by friction; as, to polish glass, marble, metals and the like.

2. To refine; to wear off rudeness, rusticity and coarseness; to make elegant and polite; as, to polish life or manners.

The Greeks were polished by the Asiatics and Egyptians.

POL'ISH, verb intransitive To become smooth; to receive a gloss; to take a smooth and glossy surface.

Steel will polish almost as white and bright as silver.

POL'ISH, noun A smooth, glossy surface produced by friction.

Another prism of clearer glass and better polish seemed free from veins.

1. Refinement; elegance of manners.

What are these wond'rous civilizing arts,

This Roman polish?

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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MUS'COVY-DUCK, n. The musk-duck, Anas moschata.

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