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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [plight]

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plight

PLIGHT, v.t. plite. [L. plico; flecto, to bend; ligo. See Alloy and Ply.]

1. To pledge; to give as security for the performance of some act; but never applied to property or goods. We say, he plighted his hand, his faith, his vows, his honor, his truth or troth. Pledge is applied to property as well as to word, faith, truth, honor, &c. To plight faith is, as it were, to deposit it in pledge for the performance of an act, on the non-performance of which, the pledge is forfeited.

2. To weave; to braid.

[This is the primary sense of the word, L. plico, but now obsolete.]

PLIGHT, n. plite. Literally, a state of being involved, [L. plicatus, implicatus, implicitus;] hence, perplexity, distress, or a distressed state or condition; as a miserable plight. But the word by itself does not ordinarily imply distress. Hence,

1. Condition; state; and sometimes good case; as, to keep cattle in plight.

In most cases, this word is now accompanied with an adjective which determines its signification; as bad plight; miserable or wretched plight; good plight.

2. Pledge; gage.

The Lord, whose hand must take my plight.

3. A fold [L. plica;] a double; a plait.

All in a silken Camus, lily white,

Purfled upon with many a folded plight.

4. A garment. [Not used.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [plight]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

PLIGHT, v.t. plite. [L. plico; flecto, to bend; ligo. See Alloy and Ply.]

1. To pledge; to give as security for the performance of some act; but never applied to property or goods. We say, he plighted his hand, his faith, his vows, his honor, his truth or troth. Pledge is applied to property as well as to word, faith, truth, honor, &c. To plight faith is, as it were, to deposit it in pledge for the performance of an act, on the non-performance of which, the pledge is forfeited.

2. To weave; to braid.

[This is the primary sense of the word, L. plico, but now obsolete.]

PLIGHT, n. plite. Literally, a state of being involved, [L. plicatus, implicatus, implicitus;] hence, perplexity, distress, or a distressed state or condition; as a miserable plight. But the word by itself does not ordinarily imply distress. Hence,

1. Condition; state; and sometimes good case; as, to keep cattle in plight.

In most cases, this word is now accompanied with an adjective which determines its signification; as bad plight; miserable or wretched plight; good plight.

2. Pledge; gage.

The Lord, whose hand must take my plight.

3. A fold [L. plica;] a double; a plait.

All in a silken Camus, lily white,

Purfled upon with many a folded plight.

4. A garment. [Not used.]

PLIGHT, n. [plite; L. plicatus, implicatus, implicitus.]

  1. Literally, a state of being involved, hence, perplexity, distress, or a distressed state or condition; as, a miserable plight. But the word by itself does not ordinarily imply distress. Hence,
  2. Condition; state; and sometimes good case; as, to keep cattle in plight. In most cases, this word is now accompanied with an adjective which determines its signification; as, bad plight, miserable or wretched plight; good plight.
  3. Pledge; gage. The Lord, whose hand must take my plight. – Shak.
  4. A fold, [L. plica;] a double; a plait. All in a silken Camus, lily white, / Purified upon with many a folded plight. [Obs.] – Spenser.
  5. A garment. [Not used.] – Chapman.

PLIGHT, v.t. [plite; Sax. plihtan, to pledge, and to expose to danger or rather perhaps to perplexity; Sw. beplichta, to bind; D. pligt, duty, mortgage; G. pflicht, duty, pledge; Dan. pligt, duty, obligation; pligtig, bound, obliged; Sw. plicht. This seems to be the Teutonic form of the Celtic pledge, Fr. pleige, pleiger. L. plico, Gr. πλεκω, It. piegare, Sp. plegar, Fr. plier, Arm. plega, W. plygu, to fold; Sp. pleyto, a covenant or contract; and the G. flechten, to braid, coinciding with the L. flecto, to bend, appears to be of the same family. If the elements are Lg, as I suspect, pledge and plight are formed on the root of lay, Arm. lacqaat. To pledge or plight is to lay down, throw down, set or deposit. Plight may however be more directly from the root of L. ligo, but this is of the same family. See Alloy and Ply.]

  1. To pledge; to give as security for the performance of some act; but never applied to property or goods. We say, he plighted his hand, his faith, his vows, his honor, his truth or troth. Pledge is applied to property as well as to word, faith, truth, honor, &c. To plight faith is, as it were, to deposit it in pledge for the performance of an act, on the non-performance of which, the pledge is forfeited.
  2. To weave; to braid. – Spenser. Milton. [This is the primary sense of the word, L. plico, but now obsolete.]

Plight
  1. imp. & p. p. of Plight, to pledge.

    Chaucer.
  2. imp. & p. p. of Pluck.

    Chaucer.
  3. To weave; to braid; to fold; to plait.

    [Obs.] "To sew and plight." Chaucer.

    A plighted garment of divers colors. Milton.

  4. A network; a plait; a fold; rarely a garment.

    [Obs.] "Many a folded plight." Spenser.
  5. That which is exposed to risk; that which is plighted or pledged; security; a gage; a pledge.

    "That lord whose hand must take my plight." Shak.
  6. To pledge; to give as a pledge for the performance of some act; as, to plight faith, honor, word; -- never applied to property or goods.

    " To do them plighte their troth." Piers Plowman.

    He plighted his right hand
    Unto another love, and to another land.
    Spenser.

    Here my inviolable faith I plight. Dryden.

  7. Condition; state; -- risk, or exposure to danger, often being implied; as, a luckless plight.

    "Your plight is pitied." Shak.

    To bring our craft all in another plight Chaucer.

  8. To promise; to engage; to betroth.

    Before its setting hour, divide
    The bridegroom from the plighted bride.
    Sir W. Scott.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Plight

PLIGHT, verb transitive plite. [Latin plico; flecto, to bend; ligo. See Alloy and Ply.]

1. To pledge; to give as security for the performance of some act; but never applied to property or goods. We say, he plighted his hand, his faith, his vows, his honor, his truth or troth. Pledge is applied to property as well as to word, faith, truth, honor, etc. To plight faith is, as it were, to deposit it in pledge for the performance of an act, on the non-performance of which, the pledge is forfeited.

2. To weave; to braid.

[This is the primary sense of the word, Latin plico, but now obsolete.]

PLIGHT, noun plite. Literally, a state of being involved, [Latin plicatus, implicatus, implicitus; ] hence, perplexity, distress, or a distressed state or condition; as a miserable plight But the word by itself does not ordinarily imply distress. Hence,

1. Condition; state; and sometimes good case; as, to keep cattle in plight

In most cases, this word is now accompanied with an adjective which determines its signification; as bad plight; miserable or wretched plight; good plight

2. Pledge; gage.

The Lord, whose hand must take my plight

3. A fold [Latin plica; ] a double; a plait.

All in a silken Camus, lily white,

Purfled upon with many a folded plight

4. A garment. [Not used.]

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

courtlike

COURTLIKE, a. Polite; elegant.

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