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Wednesday - February 19, 2020

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [over]

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over

O'VER, prep. [L. super., Gr.]

1. Across; from side to side; implying a passing or moving either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it. Thus we say, a dog leaps over a stream, or over a table; a boat sails over a lake.

2. Above in place or position; opposed to below; as the clouds over our heads. The smoke rises over the city.

The mercy-seat that is over the testimony. Ex. 30.

3. Above, denoting superiority in excellence, dignity or value; as the advantages which the christian world has over the heathen.

Young Pallas shone conspicuous o'er the rest.

4. Above in authority, implying the right or power of superintending or governing; opposed to under.

Thou shalt be over my house. Gen. 41.

I will make thee ruler over many things. Matt. 25.

5. Upon the surface or whole surface; through the whole extent; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.

6. Upon. Watch over your children.

Dost thou not watch over my sin? Job. 14.

His tender mercies are over all his works. Ps. 145.

7. During the whole time; from beginning to end; as, to keep any thing over night; to keep corn over winter.

8. Above the top; covering; immersing; as, the water is over the shoes or boots.

Over night. In this phrase, over sometimes signifies before; as, when preparing for a journey, we provide things necessary over night.

Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

O'VER, adv.

1. From side to side; as a board a foot over; a tree a foot over, a foot in diameter.

2. On the opposite side. The boat is safe over.

3. From one to another by passing; as, to deliver over goods to another.

4. From one country to another by passing; as, to carry any thing over to France, or to bring any thing over to England.

5. On the surface.

6. Above the top.

Good measure, pressed down and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. Luke 6.

7. More than the quantity assigned; beyond a limit.

He that gathered much had nothing over. Ex. 14.

8. Throughout; from beginning to end; completely; as, to read over a book; to argue a question over again.

Over and over, repeatedly; once and again.

And every night review'd it o'er and o'er.

Over again, once more; with repetition.

O kill not all my kindred o'er again.

Over and above, besides; beyond what is supposed or limited.

He gained, over and above, the good will of the people.

Over against, opposite; in front.

Over against this church stands a large hospital.

Over is used with rolling or turning from side to side; as, to turn over; to roll over.

1. To give over, to cease from; as, to give over an enterprize.

2. To consider as in a hopeless state; as, the physicians have given over their patient.

Over, in composition, denotes spreading, covering above; as in overcast, overflow; or across, as to overhear; or above, as to overhang; or turning, changing sides, as in overturn; or more generally beyond, implying excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome.

O'VER, a.

1. Past.

The Olympic games were over.

2. Upper; covering; as over-shoes; over-leather.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [over]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

O'VER, prep. [L. super., Gr.]

1. Across; from side to side; implying a passing or moving either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it. Thus we say, a dog leaps over a stream, or over a table; a boat sails over a lake.

2. Above in place or position; opposed to below; as the clouds over our heads. The smoke rises over the city.

The mercy-seat that is over the testimony. Ex. 30.

3. Above, denoting superiority in excellence, dignity or value; as the advantages which the christian world has over the heathen.

Young Pallas shone conspicuous o'er the rest.

4. Above in authority, implying the right or power of superintending or governing; opposed to under.

Thou shalt be over my house. Gen. 41.

I will make thee ruler over many things. Matt. 25.

5. Upon the surface or whole surface; through the whole extent; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.

6. Upon. Watch over your children.

Dost thou not watch over my sin? Job. 14.

His tender mercies are over all his works. Ps. 145.

7. During the whole time; from beginning to end; as, to keep any thing over night; to keep corn over winter.

8. Above the top; covering; immersing; as, the water is over the shoes or boots.

Over night. In this phrase, over sometimes signifies before; as, when preparing for a journey, we provide things necessary over night.

Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

O'VER, adv.

1. From side to side; as a board a foot over; a tree a foot over, a foot in diameter.

2. On the opposite side. The boat is safe over.

3. From one to another by passing; as, to deliver over goods to another.

4. From one country to another by passing; as, to carry any thing over to France, or to bring any thing over to England.

5. On the surface.

6. Above the top.

Good measure, pressed down and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. Luke 6.

7. More than the quantity assigned; beyond a limit.

He that gathered much had nothing over. Ex. 14.

8. Throughout; from beginning to end; completely; as, to read over a book; to argue a question over again.

Over and over, repeatedly; once and again.

And every night review'd it o'er and o'er.

Over again, once more; with repetition.

O kill not all my kindred o'er again.

Over and above, besides; beyond what is supposed or limited.

He gained, over and above, the good will of the people.

Over against, opposite; in front.

Over against this church stands a large hospital.

Over is used with rolling or turning from side to side; as, to turn over; to roll over.

1. To give over, to cease from; as, to give over an enterprize.

2. To consider as in a hopeless state; as, the physicians have given over their patient.

Over, in composition, denotes spreading, covering above; as in overcast, overflow; or across, as to overhear; or above, as to overhang; or turning, changing sides, as in overturn; or more generally beyond, implying excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome.

O'VER, a.

1. Past.

The Olympic games were over.

2. Upper; covering; as over-shoes; over-leather.

O'VER, a.

  1. Past. The Olympic games were over. – Milner.
  2. Upper; covering; as, over-shoes; over-leather.

O'VER, adv.

  1. From side to side; as, a board a foot over; a tree a foot over, a foot in diameter.
  2. On the opposite side. The boat is safe over.
  3. From one to another by passing; as, to deliver over goods to another.
  4. From one country to another by passing; as, to carry any thing over to France, or to bring any thing over to England. – Bacon.
  5. On the surface.
  6. Above the top. Good measure, pressed down and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. – Luke vi.
  7. More than the quantity assigned; beyond a limit. He that gathered much had nothing over. – Exod. xvi.
  8. Throughout; from beginning to end; completely; as, to read over a book; to argue a question over again. Over and over, repeatedly; once and again. And every night review'd it o'er and o'er. – Harte. Over again, once more; with repetition. O kill not all my kindred o'er again. – Dryden. Over and above, besides; beyond what is supposed or limited. He gained, over and above, the good will of the people. – L'Estrange. Over against, opposite; in front. Over against this church stands a large hospital. – Addison. Over is used with rolling or turning from side to side; as, to turn over; to roll over. To give over, to cease from; as, to give over an enterprise. #2. To consider as in a hopeless state; as, the physicians have given over their patient. Over, in composition, denotes spreading, covering above; as in overcast, overflow; or across, as to overhear; or above, as to overhang; or turning, changing sides, as in overturn; or more generally beyond, implying excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome.

O'VER, prep. [Sax. ober, ofer; Goth. ufar; G. über; D. and Dan. over; Sw. ofver; Gr. ὑπερ, whence probably L. super; Arm. uvar, var, oar, ar; Ir. ar, formerly fair or fer; W. ar; Corn. uar. Qu. Gr. παρα. This word corresponds in sense with עבר in the Shemitic dialects, signifying to pass, in almost any manner; to pass over, as a river, to pass beyond, to pass away, to pass by; in short, to move, depart or go, Sax. faran, to fare. Hence the derivative sense of beyond, either on the other side or above; hence the sense of excess, which supposes the passing of a limit; hence the sense of opposite or against, in the Gr. ὑπερ, for the further side of a river is the opposite side. We do not use the word in this sense, except with against. See Class Br, No. 23. The Persian corresponding word is فَراَ fara, which coincides nearly with the Greek παρα, and both seem to be more directly from the Ar. أفَرَ abara, to go beyond. Class Br, No. 37.]

  1. Across; from side to side; implying a passing or moving either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it. Thus we say, a dog leaps over a stream, or over a table; a boat sails over a lake.
  2. Above in place or position; opposed to below; as, the clouds over our heads. The smoke rises over the city. The mercy-seat that is over the testimony. – Ex. xxx.
  3. Above, denoting superiority in excellence, dignity or value; as, the advantages which the Christian world has over the heathen. – Swift. Young Pallas shone conspicuous o'er the rest. – Dryden.
  4. Above in authority, implying the right or power of superintending or governing; opposed to under. Thou shalt be over my house. – Gen. xii. I will make thee ruler over many things. – Matth. xxv.
  5. Upon the surface or whole surface; through the whole extent; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.
  6. Upon. Watch over your children. Dost thou not watch over my sin? – Job xiv. His tender mercies are over all his works. – Ps. cxlv.
  7. During the whole time; from beginning to end; as, to keep any thing over night; to keep corn over winter.
  8. Above the top; covering; immersing; as, the water is over the shoes or boots. Over night. In this phrase, over sometimes signifies before; as, when preparing for a journey, we provide things necessary over night. Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

O"ver
  1. Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; -- opposed to under; as, clouds are over our heads; the smoke rises over the city.

    The mercy seat that is over the testimony. Ex. xxx. 6.

    Over them gleamed far off the crimson banners of morning. Longfellow.

  2. From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise; as, a board, or a tree, a foot over, i. e., a foot in diameter.
  3. Upper; covering; higher; superior; also, excessive; too much or too great; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overshoes, overcoat, over- garment, overlord, overwork, overhaste.
  4. A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the fielders changing places.
  5. Across; from side to side of; -- implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it; as, a dog leaps over a stream or a table.

    Certain lakes . . . poison birds which fly over them. Bacon.

  6. From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; -- used with verbs of motion; as, to sail over to England; to hand over the money; to go over to the enemy.

    "We will pass over to Gibeah." Judges xix. 12.
  7. Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.
  8. From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything; as, to look over accounts, or a stock of goods; a dress covered over with jewels.
  9. Above; -- implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value; as, the advantages which the Christian world has over the heathen.

    Swift.
  10. From inside to outside, above or across the brim.

    Good measure, pressed down . . . and running over. Luke vi. 38.

  11. Above in authority or station; -- implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; -- opposed to under.

    Thou shalt be over my house. Gen. xli. 40.

    I will make thee rules over many things. Matt. xxv. 23.

    Dost thou not watch over my sin ? Job xiv. 16.

    His tender mercies are over all his works. Ps. cxlv. 9.

  12. Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition; as, to do the whole work over.

    "So over violent." Dryden.

    He that gathered much had nothing over. Ex. xvi. 18.

  13. Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of; as, to keep anything over night; to keep corn over winter.
  14. In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top; as, to turn (one's self) over; to roll a stone over; to turn over the leaves; to tip over a cart.
  15. Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head, over his shoes.
  16. At an end; beyond the limit of continuance; completed; finished.

    "Their distress was over." Macaulay. "The feast was over." Sir W. Scott.

    * Over, out, off, and similar adverbs, are often used in the predicate with the sense and force of adjectives, agreeing in this respect with the adverbs of place, here, there, everywhere, nowhere; as, the games were over; the play is over; the master was out; his hat is off.

    * Over is much used in composition, with the same significations that it has as a separate word; as in overcast, overflow, to cast or flow so as to spread over or cover; overhang, to hang above; overturn, to turn so as to bring the underside towards the top; overact, overreach, to act or reach beyond, implying excess or superiority.

    All over. (a) Over the whole; upon all parts; completely; as, he is spatterd with mud all over. (b) Wholly over; at an end; as, it is all over with him. -- Over again, once more; with repetition; afresh; anew. Dryden. -- Over against, opposite; in front. Addison. -- Over and above, in a manner, or degree, beyond what is supposed, defined, or usual; besides; in addition; as, not over and above well. "He . . . gained, over and above, the good will of all people." L' Estrange. -- Over and over, repeatedly; again and again. -- To boil over. See under Boil, v. i. -- To come it over, To do over, To give over, etc. See under Come, Do, Give, etc. -- To throw over, to abandon; to betray. Cf. To throw overboard, under Overboard.

  17. Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it cost over five dollars.

    "Over all this." Chaucer.
  18. Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the bill was passed over the veto.

    * Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

    * Over his signature (or name) is a substitute for the idiomatic English form, under his signature (name, hand and seal, etc.), the reference in the latter form being to the authority under which the writing is made, executed, or published, and not the place of the autograph, etc.

    Over all (Her.), placed over or upon other bearings, and therefore hinding them in part; -- said of a charge. -- Over head and ears, beyond one's depth; completely; wholly; hopelessly; as, over head and ears in debt. [Colloq.] -- Over the left. See under Left. -- To run over (Mach.), to have rotation in such direction that the crank pin traverses the upper, or front, half of its path in the forward, or outward, stroke; -- said of a crank which drives, or is driven by, a reciprocating piece.

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Over

O'VER, preposition [Latin super., Gr.]

1. Across; from side to side; implying a passing or moving either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it. Thus we say, a dog leaps over a stream, or over a table; a boat sails over a lake.

2. Above in place or position; opposed to below; as the clouds over our heads. The smoke rises over the city.

The mercy-seat that is over the testimony. Exodus 30:6.

3. Above, denoting superiority in excellence, dignity or value; as the advantages which the christian world has over the heathen.

Young Pallas shone conspicuous o'er the rest.

4. Above in authority, implying the right or power of superintending or governing; opposed to under.

Thou shalt be over my house. Genesis 41:33.

I will make thee ruler over many things. Matthew 25:21.

5. Upon the surface or whole surface; through the whole extent; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.

6. Upon. Watch over your children.

Dost thou not watch over my sin? Job 14:16.

His tender mercies are over all his works. Psalms 145:9.

7. During the whole time; from beginning to end; as, to keep any thing over night; to keep corn over winter.

8. Above the top; covering; immersing; as, the water is over the shoes or boots.

Over night. In this phrase, over sometimes signifies before; as, when preparing for a journey, we provide things necessary over night.

Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

O'VER, adverb

1. From side to side; as a board a foot over; a tree a foot over a foot in diameter.

2. On the opposite side. The boat is safe over

3. From one to another by passing; as, to deliver over goods to another.

4. From one country to another by passing; as, to carry any thing over to France, or to bring any thing over to England.

5. On the surface.

6. Above the top.

Good measure, pressed down and shaken together, and running over shall men give into your bosom. Luke 6:38.

7. More than the quantity assigned; beyond a limit.

He that gathered much had nothing over Exodus 14:2.

8. Throughout; from beginning to end; completely; as, to read over a book; to argue a question over again.

Over and over repeatedly; once and again.

And every night review'd it o'er and o'er.

Over again, once more; with repetition.

O kill not all my kindred o'er again.

Over and above, besides; beyond what is supposed or limited.

He gained, over and above, the good will of the people.

Over against, opposite; in front.

Over against this church stands a large hospital.

Over is used with rolling or turning from side to side; as, to turn over; to roll over

1. To give over to cease from; as, to give over an enterprize.

2. To consider as in a hopeless state; as, the physicians have given over their patient.

Over, in composition, denotes spreading, covering above; as in overcast, overflow; or across, as to overhear; or above, as to overhang; or turning, changing sides, as in overturn; or more generally beyond, implying excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome.

O'VER, adjective

1. Past.

The Olympic games were over

2. Upper; covering; as over-shoes; over-leather.

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I USE IT WHEN PREPARING FOR BIBLE STUDY.

— Charles (Mobile, AL)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

sharp

SH'ARP, a.

1. Having a very thin edge or a fine point; keen; acute; not blunt. Thus we may say, a sharp knife, or a sharp needle. A sharp edge easily severs a substance; a sharp point is easily made to penetrate,it.

2. Terminating in a point or edge; not obtuse; as, a hills terminates in a sharp peak, or a sharp ridge.

3. Forming an acute or too small angle at the ridge; as a sharp roof.

4. Acute of mind; quick to discern or distinguish; penetrating; ready at invention; witty; ingenious.

Nothing makes men sharper than want. Addison.

Many other things belong to the material world, wherein the sharpest philosophers have not yet obtained clear ideas. Watts.

5. Being of quick or nice perception; applied to the senses or organs of perception; as a sharp eye; sharp sight.

6. Affecting the organs of taste like fine points; piercing; penetrating; shrill; as sharp vinegar; sharp tasted citrons.

7. Affecting the organs of hearing like sharp points; poercing; penetrating; shrill; as a sharp sound or voice; a sharp not or tone; opposed to a flat note or sound.

8. Severe; harsh; biting; sarcastic; as sharp words; sharp rebuke.

-Be thy words severe,

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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