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Tuesday - April 16, 2024

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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lock

LOCK, n. [L. floccus, Eng. lock.]

1. Lock, in its primary sense, is any thing that fastens; but we now appropriate the word to an instrument composed of a spring, wards, and a bolt of iron or steel, used to fasten doors, chests and the like. The bolt is moved by a key.

2. The part of a musket or fowling-piece or other fire-arm, which contains the pan, trigger, &c.

3. The barrier or works of a canal, which confine the water, consisting of a dam, banks or walls, with two gates or pairs of gates, which may be opened or shut at pleasure.

4. A grapple in wrestling.

5. Any inclosure.

6. A tuft of hair; a plexus of wool, hay or other like substance; a flock; a ringlet of hair.

A lock of hair will draw more than a cable rope.

Lock of water, is the measure equal to the contents of the chamber of the locks by which the consumption of water on a canal is estimated.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [lock]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

LOCK, n. [L. floccus, Eng. lock.]

1. Lock, in its primary sense, is any thing that fastens; but we now appropriate the word to an instrument composed of a spring, wards, and a bolt of iron or steel, used to fasten doors, chests and the like. The bolt is moved by a key.

2. The part of a musket or fowling-piece or other fire-arm, which contains the pan, trigger, &c.

3. The barrier or works of a canal, which confine the water, consisting of a dam, banks or walls, with two gates or pairs of gates, which may be opened or shut at pleasure.

4. A grapple in wrestling.

5. Any inclosure.

6. A tuft of hair; a plexus of wool, hay or other like substance; a flock; a ringlet of hair.

A lock of hair will draw more than a cable rope.

Lock of water, is the measure equal to the contents of the chamber of the locks by which the consumption of water on a canal is estimated.

LOCK, n. [Sax. loc or loce, an inclosed place, the fastening of a door, a tuft or curl of hair. In the latter sense, it is the G. locke, D. lok, L. floccus, Eng. lock; Ir. loc, a stop, hinder ante; W. lloc, a mound, an inclosed place; Russ. lokon, a lock of hair; Sax. lucan, Goth. lukan, to lock; Dan. lukke, a hedge, fence or bar; lukker, to shut, to inclose, to fasten, to lock; Fr. loquet, a latch; Arm. licqued, or clicqed, W. clicied. Lock and flock may be of one family. The primary sense is to shut, to close, to press, strain or drive, which may be the radical sense of flock, Gr. πλεκω, πλοκος, L. plico, as well as of lock. But see Class Lg, No. 48, and 13, 14, 16.]

  1. Lock, in its primary sense, is any thing that fastens; but we now appropriate the word to an instrument composed of a spring, wards, and a bolt of iron or steel, used to fasten doors, chests and the like. The bolt is moved by a key.
  2. The part of a musket or fowling-piece or other fire-arm, which contains the pan, trigger, &c.
  3. The barrier or works of a canal, which confine the water, consisting of a dam, banks or walls, with two gates or pairs of gates, which may be opened or shut at pleasure.
  4. A grapple or wrestling. – Milton.
  5. Any inclosure. – Dryden.
  6. A tuft of hair; a plexus of wool, hay or other like substance; a flock; a ringlet of hair. A lock of hair will draw more than a cable rope. – Grew. Lock of water, is the measure equal to the contents of the chamber of the locks by which the consumption of water on a canal is estimated.

LOCK, v.i.

  1. To become fast. The door locks close.
  2. To unite closely by mutual insertion; as, they lock into each other. – Boyle.

LOCK, v.t.

  1. To fasten with a particular instrument; as, to lock door; to lock a trunk.
  2. To shut up or confine, as with a lock; as, to be locked in a prison; Lock the secret in your breast.
  3. To close fast. The frost locks up our rivers.
  4. To embrace closely; as, to lock one in the arms.
  5. To furnish with locks, as a canal.
  6. To confine; to restrain. Our shipping was locked up by the embargo.
  7. In fencing, to seize the sword arm of an antagonist, by turning the left arm around it, after closing the parade, shell to shell, in order to disarm him. – Cyc.

Lock
  1. A tuft of hair; a flock or small quantity of wool, hay, or other like substance; a tress or ringlet of hair.

    These gray locks, the pursuivants of death. Shak.

  2. Anything that fastens; specifically, a fastening, as for a door, a lid, a trunk, a drawer, and the like, in which a bolt is moved by a key so as to hold or to release the thing fastened.
  3. To fasten with a lock, or as with a lock] to make fast; to prevent free movement of; as, to lock a door, a carriage wheel, a river, etc.
  4. To become fast, as by means of a lock or by interlacing; as, the door locks close.

    When it locked none might through it pass. Spenser.

    To lock into, to fit or slide into; as, they lock into each other. Boyle.

  5. A fastening together or interlacing; a closing of one thing upon another; a state of being fixed or immovable.

    Albemarle Street closed by a lock of carriages. De Quincey.

  6. To prevent ingress or access to, or exit from, by fastening the lock or locks of; -- often with up; as, to lock or lock up, a house, jail, room, trunk. etc.
  7. A place from which egress is prevented, as by a lock.

    Dryden.
  8. To fasten in or out, or to make secure by means of, or as with, locks; to confine, or to shut in or out -- often with up; as, to lock one's self in a room; to lock up the prisoners; to lock up one's silver; to lock intruders out of the house; to lock money into a vault; to lock a child in one's arms; to lock a secret in one's breast.
  9. The barrier or works which confine the water of a stream or canal.
  10. To link together; to clasp closely; as, to lock arms.

    " Lock hand in hand." Shak.
  11. An inclosure in a canal with gates at each end, used in raising or lowering boats as they pass from one level to another; -- called also lift lock.
  12. To furnish with locks; also, to raise or lower (a boat) in a lock.
  13. That part or apparatus of a firearm by which the charge is exploded; as, a matchlock, flintlock, percussion lock, etc.
  14. To seize, as the sword arm of an antagonist, by turning the left arm around it, to disarm him.
  15. A device for keeping a wheel from turning.
  16. A grapple in wrestling.

    Milton.

    Detector lock, a lock containing a contrivance for showing whether it as has been tampered with. -- Lock bay (Canals), the body of water in a lock chamber. -- Lock chamber, the inclosed space between the gates of a canal lock. -- Lock nut. See Check nut, under Check. -- Lock plate, a plate to which the mechanism of a gunlock is attached. -- Lock rail (Arch.), in ordinary paneled doors, the rail nearest the lock. Lock rand (Masonry), a range of bond stone. Knight. -- Mortise lock, a door lock inserted in a mortise. -- Rim lock, a lock fastened to the face of a door, thus differing from a mortise lock.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Lock

LOCK, noun [Latin floccus, Eng. lock ]

1. lock in its primary sense, is any thing that fastens; but we now appropriate the word to an instrument composed of a spring, wards, and a bolt of iron or steel, used to fasten doors, chests and the like. The bolt is moved by a key.

2. The part of a musket or fowling-piece or other fire-arm, which contains the pan, trigger, etc.

3. The barrier or works of a canal, which confine the water, consisting of a dam, banks or walls, with two gates or pairs of gates, which may be opened or shut at pleasure.

4. A grapple in wrestling.

5. Any inclosure.

6. A tuft of hair; a plexus of wool, hay or other like substance; a flock; a ringlet of hair.

A lock of hair will draw more than a cable rope.

LOCK of water, is the measure equal to the contents of the chamber of the locks by which the consumption of water on a canal is estimated.

LOCK'-KEEPER, noun One who attends the locks of a canal.

LOCK'-PADDLE, noun A small sluse that serves to fill and empty a lock

LOCK'-SIL, noun An angular piece of timber at the bottom of a lock against which the gates shut.

LOCK'-WEIR, noun A paddle-weir, in canals, an over-fall behind the upper gates, by which the waste water of the upper pound is let down through the paddle-holes into the chamber of the lock

LOCK, verb transitive

1. To fasten with a particular instrument; as, to lock a door; to lock a trunk.

2. To shut up or confine, as with a lock; as, to be locked in a prison. lock the secret in your breast.

3. To close fast. The frost locks up our rivers.

4. To embrace closely; as, to lock one in the arms.

5. To furnish with locks, as a canal.

6. To confine; to restrain. Our shipping was locked up by the embargo.

7. In fencing, to seize the sword-arm of an antagonist, by turning the left arm around it, after closing the parade, shell to shell, in order to disarm him.

LOCK, verb intransitive

1. To become fast. The door locks close.

2. To unite closely by mutual insertion; as, they lock into each other.

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Wanted the definitions that were available to the founding fathers

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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SE'A-FISH, n. [sea and fish.] Any marine fish; any fish that lives usually in salt water.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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