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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [languish]

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languish

LAN'GUISH, v.i. [L. langueo, lachinisso; Gr. to flag, to lag. L. laxo, laxus, flacceo.]

1. To lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble or spiritless; to pine; to be or to grow heavy. We languish under disease or after excessive exertion.

She that hath borne seven languisheth. Jer. 15.

2. To wither; to fade; to lose the vegetating power.

For the fields of Heshbon languisheth. Jer. 15.

3. To grow dull; to be no longer active and vigorous. The war languished for want of supplies. Commerce, agriculture, manufactures languish, not for want of money, but for want of good markets.

4. To pine or sink under sorrow or any continued passion; as, a woman languishes for the loss of her lover.

Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish. Hosea 4.

5. To look with softness or tenderness, as with the head reclined and a peculiar cast of the eye.

LAN'GUISH, v.t. To cause to droop or pine. [Little used.]

LAN'GUISH, n. Act of pining; also, a soft and tender look or appearance.

And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [languish]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

LAN'GUISH, v.i. [L. langueo, lachinisso; Gr. to flag, to lag. L. laxo, laxus, flacceo.]

1. To lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble or spiritless; to pine; to be or to grow heavy. We languish under disease or after excessive exertion.

She that hath borne seven languisheth. Jer. 15.

2. To wither; to fade; to lose the vegetating power.

For the fields of Heshbon languisheth. Jer. 15.

3. To grow dull; to be no longer active and vigorous. The war languished for want of supplies. Commerce, agriculture, manufactures languish, not for want of money, but for want of good markets.

4. To pine or sink under sorrow or any continued passion; as, a woman languishes for the loss of her lover.

Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish. Hosea 4.

5. To look with softness or tenderness, as with the head reclined and a peculiar cast of the eye.

LAN'GUISH, v.t. To cause to droop or pine. [Little used.]

LAN'GUISH, n. Act of pining; also, a soft and tender look or appearance.

And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye.

LAN'GUISH, n.

Act of pining; also, a soft and tender look or appearance. And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye. – Pope.


LAN'GUISH, v.i. [Fr. languir, languissant; Arm. languiçza; It. languire; L. langueo, lachinisso; Gr. λαγγευω, to flag, to lag. This word is of the family of W. llac, slack, loose; llaciaw, to slacken, to relax. L. laxo, laxus, flacceo, and Goth. laggs, long, may be of the same family.]

  1. To lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble, or spiritless; to pine; to be or to grow heavy. We anguish under disease or after excessive exertion. She that hath borne seven languisheth. – Jer. xv.
  2. To wither; to fade; to lose the vegetating power. For the fields of Heshbon languish. Is. xvi.
  3. To grow dull; to be no longer active and vigorous. The war languished for want of supplies. Commerce, agriculture, manufactures languish, not for want of money, but for want of good markets.
  4. To pine or sink under sorrow or any continued passion; as, a woman languishes for the loss of her lover. Therefore shalt the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shalt languish. – Hosea iv.
  5. To look with softness or tenderness, as, with the head reclined and a peculiar cast of the eye. – Dryden.

LAN'GUISH, v.t.

To cause to droop or pine. [Little used.] – Shak.


Lan"guish
  1. To become languid or weak; to lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble or spiritless; to pine away; to wither or fade.

    We . . . do languish of such diseases. 2 Esdras viii. 31.

    Cease, fond nature, cease thy strife,
    And let me languish into life.
    Pope.

    For the fields of Heshbon languish. Is. xvi. 8.

  2. To cause to droop or pine.

    [Obs.] Shak. Dryden.
  3. See Languishment.

    [Obs. or Poetic]

    What, of death, too,
    That rids our dogs of languish ?
    Shak.

    And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye. Pope.

  4. To assume an expression of weariness or tender grief, appealing for sympathy.

    Tennyson.

    Syn. -- To pine; wither; fade; droop; faint.

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Languish

LAN'GUISH, verb intransitive [Latin langueo, lachinisso; Gr. to flag, to lag. Latin laxo, laxus, flacceo.]

1. To lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble or spiritless; to pine; to be or to grow heavy. We languish under disease or after excessive exertion.

She that hath borne seven languisheth. Jeremiah 15:9.

2. To wither; to fade; to lose the vegetating power.

For the fields of Heshbon languisheth. Jeremiah 15:9.

3. To grow dull; to be no longer active and vigorous. The war languished for want of supplies. Commerce, agriculture, manufactures languish not for want of money, but for want of good markets.

4. To pine or sink under sorrow or any continued passion; as, a woman languishes for the loss of her lover.

Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish Hosea 4.

5. To look with softness or tenderness, as with the head reclined and a peculiar cast of the eye.

LAN'GUISH, verb transitive To cause to droop or pine. [Little used.]

LAN'GUISH, noun Act of pining; also, a soft and tender look or appearance.

And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye.

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I like the Biblical root definition of the words and the Scriptural examples. I believe Webster's 1828 has the truest etymological root meaning of words.

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