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Tuesday - February 28, 2017

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [grate]

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grate

GRATE, n. [L. crates, a grate, a hurdle.]

1. A work or frame, composed of parallel or cross bars, with interstices; a kind of lattice-work, such as is used in the windows of prisons and cloisters.

2. An instrument or frame of iron bars for holding coals, used as fuel, in houses, stores, shops, &c.

GRATE, v.t. To furnish with grates; to make fast with cross bars.

GRATE, v.t. [L. rado.]

1. To rub, as a body with a rough surface against another body; to rub one thing against another, so as to produce a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth.

2. To wear away in small particles, by rubbing with any thing rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

3. To offend; to fret; to vex; to irritate; to mortify; as, harsh words grate the heart; they are grating to the feeling; harsh sounds grate the ear.

4. To make a harsh sound, by rubbing or the friction of rough bodies.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [grate]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

GRATE, n. [L. crates, a grate, a hurdle.]

1. A work or frame, composed of parallel or cross bars, with interstices; a kind of lattice-work, such as is used in the windows of prisons and cloisters.

2. An instrument or frame of iron bars for holding coals, used as fuel, in houses, stores, shops, &c.

GRATE, v.t. To furnish with grates; to make fast with cross bars.

GRATE, v.t. [L. rado.]

1. To rub, as a body with a rough surface against another body; to rub one thing against another, so as to produce a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth.

2. To wear away in small particles, by rubbing with any thing rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

3. To offend; to fret; to vex; to irritate; to mortify; as, harsh words grate the heart; they are grating to the feeling; harsh sounds grate the ear.

4. To make a harsh sound, by rubbing or the friction of rough bodies.

GRATE, a. [L. gratus.]

Agreeable. [Not in use.]


GRATE, n. [It. grata, L. crates, a grate, a hurdle. Qu. its alliance to the verb, to grate.]

  1. A work or frame, composed of parallel or cross bars, with interstices; a kind of lattice-work, such as is used in the windows of prisons and cloisters.
  2. An instrument or frame of iron bars for holding coals, used as fuel, in houses, stores, shops, &c.

GRATE, v.i.

  1. To rub hard, so as to offend; to offend by oppression or importunity. This grated harder upon the hearts of men. South.
  2. To make a harsh sound by the friction of rough bodies. Hooker.

GRATE, v.t.1

To furnish with grates; to make fast with cross bars.


GRATE, v.t.2 [Fr. gratter, It. grattare, to scratch; Dan. grytter, to grate, to break; Sp. grieta, a scratch, a crevice; W. rhathu, to rub off, to strip, to clear; rhathell, a rasp. See the Shemitic גרד, חרט, חרת and קרד. Class Rd, No. 38, 58, 62, 81. If g is a prefix, this word coincides with L. rado. See Cry.]

  1. To rub, as a body with a rough surface against another body; to rub one thing against another, so as to produce a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth.
  2. To wear away in small particles, by rubbing with any thing rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.
  3. To offend; to fret; to vex; to irritate; to mortify; as, harsh words grate the heart; they are grating to the feelings; harsh sounds grate the ear.
  4. To make a harsh sound by rubbing or the friction of rough bodies. Milton.

Grate
  1. Serving to gratify] agreeable.

    [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.
  2. A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used ia the windows of prisons and cloisters.

    "A secret grate of iron bars." Shak.
  3. To furnish with grates] to protect with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window.
  4. To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth; to produce (a harsh sound) by rubbing.

    On their hinges grate
    Harsh thunder.
    Milton.

  5. To make a harsh sound by friction.

    I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned,
    Or a dry wheel grate on the exletree.
    Shak.

  6. A frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for holding fuel while burning.

    Grate surface (Steam, Boiler) the area of the surface of the grate upon which the fuel lies in the furnace.

  7. To reduce to small particles by rubbing with anything rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.
  8. To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause wearing, tearing, or bruising. Hence; To produce exasperation, soreness, or grief; to offend by oppression or importunity.

    This grated harder upon the hearts of men. South.

    ! p. 647 this page badly done -- in need of careful proofing

  9. To fret; to irritate; to offend.

    News, my good lord Rome . . . grates me. Shak.

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Grate

GRATE, noun [Latin crates, a grate a hurdle.]

1. A work or frame, composed of parallel or cross bars, with interstices; a kind of lattice-work, such as is used in the windows of prisons and cloisters.

2. An instrument or frame of iron bars for holding coals, used as fuel, in houses, stores, shops, etc.

GRATE, verb transitive To furnish with grates; to make fast with cross bars.

GRATE, verb transitive [Latin rado.]

1. To rub, as a body with a rough surface against another body; to rub one thing against another, so as to produce a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth.

2. To wear away in small particles, by rubbing with any thing rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

3. To offend; to fret; to vex; to irritate; to mortify; as, harsh words grate the heart; they are grating to the feeling; harsh sounds grate the ear.

4. To make a harsh sound, by rubbing or the friction of rough bodies.

GRATE', verb intransitive To rub hard, so as to offend; to offend by oppression or importunity.

This grated harder upon the hearts of men.

1. To make a harsh sound by the friction of rough bodies.

GRATE, adjective [Latin gratus.] Agreeable. [Not in use.]

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reference material

— Linda (Peculiar, MO)

Word of the Day

father

F'ATHER, n. [L. pater. The primary sense is obvious.]

1. He who begets a child; in L. genitor or generator.

The father of a fool hath no joy. Prov. 17.

2. The first ancestor; the progenitor of a race or family. Adam was the father of the human race. Abraham was the father of the Israelites.

3. The appellation of an old man, and a term of respect.

The king of Israel said to Elisha, my father shall I smite them? 2Kings 6.

The servants of Naaman call him father. Elderly men are called fathers; as the fathers of a town or city. In the church, men venerable for age, learning and piety are called fathers, or reverend fathers.

4. The grandfather or more remote ancestor. Nebuchadnezzar is called the father of Belshazzar, though he was his grandfather. Dan. 5.

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tutelar

TU'TELAR

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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