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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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gird

GIRD, n. gurd. [Eng. a yard.]

1. A twitch or pang; a sudden spasm, which resembles the stroke of a rod or the pressure of a band.

2. In popular language, a severe stroke of a stick or whip.

GIRD, v.t. gurd. pret. and pp. girded or girt.

1. To bind by surrounding with any flexible substance, as with a twig, a cord, bandage or cloth; as, to gird the loins with sackcloth.

2. To make fast by binding; to put on; usually with on; as, to gird on a harness; to gird on a sword.

3. To invest; to surround.

The Son appeared,

Girt with omnipotence.

4. To clothe; to dress; to habit.

I girded thee about with fine linen. Ezek. 16.

5. To furnish; to equip.

Girded with snaky wiles.

6. To surround; to encircle; to inclose; to encompass.

The Nyseian isle,

Girt with the river Triton.

7. To gibe; to reproach severly; to lash.

GIRD, v.i. To gibe; to sneer; to break a scornful jest; to utter severe sarcasms.

Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [gird]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

GIRD, n. gurd. [Eng. a yard.]

1. A twitch or pang; a sudden spasm, which resembles the stroke of a rod or the pressure of a band.

2. In popular language, a severe stroke of a stick or whip.

GIRD, v.t. gurd. pret. and pp. girded or girt.

1. To bind by surrounding with any flexible substance, as with a twig, a cord, bandage or cloth; as, to gird the loins with sackcloth.

2. To make fast by binding; to put on; usually with on; as, to gird on a harness; to gird on a sword.

3. To invest; to surround.

The Son appeared,

Girt with omnipotence.

4. To clothe; to dress; to habit.

I girded thee about with fine linen. Ezek. 16.

5. To furnish; to equip.

Girded with snaky wiles.

6. To surround; to encircle; to inclose; to encompass.

The Nyseian isle,

Girt with the river Triton.

7. To gibe; to reproach severly; to lash.

GIRD, v.i. To gibe; to sneer; to break a scornful jest; to utter severe sarcasms.

Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me.

GIRD, n. [gurd; Sax. geard, or gyrd, or gyrda, a twig, branch, rod, pole, Eng. a yard; G. gurt, a girth, a girdle; Dan. gierde, a hedge, a rail. This word signifies primarily a twig, shoot or branch; hence a pole or stick, used in measuring. In measuring land, among our Saxon ancestors, the gyrd seems to have been a certain measure like our rod, perch or pole, all of which signify the same thing, a branch or shoot, a little pole. We now apply the word yard to a measure of three feet in length. In rude ages, gyrds, shoots of trees, were used for binding things together, whence the verb, to gird. See Withe. Gyrds were also used for driving, or for punishment, as we now use whips; and our common people use gird, for a severe stroke of a stick or whip. See Lye, under Gyrd and Weal-stylling.]

  1. A twitch or pang; a sudden spasm which resembles the stroke of a rod or the pressure of a band.
  2. In popular language, a severe stroke of a stick or whip.

GIRD, v.i.

To gibe; to sneer; to break a scornful jest; to utter severe sarcasms. Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me. Shak.


GIRD, v.t. [gurd; pret. and pp. girded or girt. Sax. gyrdan; G. g├╝rten; D. gorden; Sw. giorda, to gird or surround; Dan. gierder, to hedge, to inclose. See the Noun. It is probable, that garden, Ir. gort, is from the same root; originally an inclosed field, a piece of ground surrounded with poles, stakes and branches of trees. If the noun is the primary word, the sense of the root is to shoot, as a branch; if the verb is the root, the sense is to surround, or rather to bind or make fast. The former is the most probable.]

  1. To bind by surrounding with any flexible substance, as with a twig, a cord, bandage or cloth; as, to gird the loins with sackcloth.
  2. To make fast by binding; to put on; usually with on; as, to gird on a harness; to gird on a sword.
  3. To invest; to surround. The Son appeared, / Girt with omnipotence. Milton.
  4. To clothe; to dress; to habit. I girded thee about with fine linen. Ezek. xvi.
  5. To furnish; to equip. Girded with snaky wiles. Milton.
  6. To surround; to encircle; to inclose; to encompass. The Nyseian isle, / Girt with the river Triton. Milton.
  7. To gibe; to reproach severely; to lash. Shak.

Gird
  1. A stroke with a rod or switch; a severe spasm; a twinge; a pang.

    Conscience . . . is freed from many fearful girds and twinges which the atheist feels. Tillotson.

  2. To strike; to smite.

    [Obs.]

    To slay him and to girden off his head. Chaucer.

  3. To gibe; to sneer; to break a scornful jest; to utter severe sarcasms.

    Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me. Shak.

  4. To encircle or bind with any flexible band.
  5. A cut; a sarcastic remark; a gibe; a sneer.

    I thank thee for that gird, good Tranio. Shak.

  6. To sneer at; to mock; to gibe.

    Being moved, he will not spare to gird the gods. Shak.

  7. To make fast, as clothing, by binding with a cord, girdle, bandage, etc.
  8. To surround] to encircle, or encompass.

    That Nyseian isle,
    Girt with the River Triton.
    Milton.

  9. To clothe; to swathe; to invest.

    I girded thee about with fine linen. Ezek. xvi. 10.

    The Son . . . appeared
    Girt with omnipotence.
    Milton.

  10. To prepare; to make ready; to equip; as, to gird one's self for a contest.

    Thou hast girded me with strength. Ps. xviii. 39.

    To gird on, to put on; to fasten around or to one securely, like a girdle; as, to gird on armor or a sword.

    Let not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off. 1 Kings xx. 11.

    -- To gird up, to bind tightly with a girdle; to support and strengthen, as with a girdle.

    He girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab. 1 Kings xviii. 46.

    Gird up the loins of your mind. 1 Pet. i. 13.

    -- Girt up; prepared or equipped, as for a journey or for work, in allusion to the ancient custom of gathering the long flowing garments into the girdle and tightening it before any exertion; hence, adjectively, eagerly or constantly active; strenuous; striving. "A severer, more girt-up way of living." J. C. Shairp.

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

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Gird

GIRD, noun gurd. [Eng. a yard.]

1. A twitch or pang; a sudden spasm, which resembles the stroke of a rod or the pressure of a band.

2. In popular language, a severe stroke of a stick or whip.

GIRD, verb transitive gurd. preterit tense and participle passive girded or girt.

1. To bind by surrounding with any flexible substance, as with a twig, a cord, bandage or cloth; as, to gird the loins with sackcloth.

2. To make fast by binding; to put on; usually with on; as, to gird on a harness; to gird on a sword.

3. To invest; to surround.

The Son appeared,

Girt with omnipotence.

4. To clothe; to dress; to habit.

I girded thee about with fine linen. Ezekiel 16:10.

5. To furnish; to equip.

GIRDed with snaky wiles.

6. To surround; to encircle; to inclose; to encompass.

The Nyseian isle,

Girt with the river Triton.

7. To gibe; to reproach severly; to lash.

GIRD, verb intransitive To gibe; to sneer; to break a scornful jest; to utter severe sarcasms.

Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me.

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Word of the Day

good

GOOD, a.

1. Valid; legally firm; not weak or defective; having strength adequate to its support; as a good title; a good deed; a good claim.

2. Valid; sound; not weak, false or fallacious; as a good argument.

3. Complete or sufficiently perfect in its kind; having the physical qualities best adapted to its design and use; opposed to bad,imperfect, corrupted, impaired. We say, good timber, good cloth, a good soil, a good color.

And God saw every thing that he had made, and

behold, it was very good. Gen.1.

4. Having moral qualities best adapted to its design and use, or the qualities which God's law requires; virtuous; pious; religious; applied to persons, and opposed to bad, vitious, wicked, evil.

Yet peradventure for a good man some would

even dare to die. Rom.5.

5. Conformable to the moral law; virtuous; applied to actions.

In all things showing thyself a pattern of good works.

Tit.2.

6. Proper; fit; convenient; seasonable; well adapted to the end. It was a good time to commence operations. He arrived in good time.

7. Convenient; useful; expedient; conducive to happiness.

It is not good that the man should be alone. Gen.2.

8. Sound; perfect; uncorrupted; undamaged. This fruit will keep good the whole year.

9. Suitable to the taste or to health; wholesome; salubrious; palatable; not disagreeable or noxious; as fruit good to eat; a tree good for food. Gen.2.

10. Suited to produce a salutary effect; adapted to abate or cure; medicinal; salutary; beneficial; as, fresh vegetables are good for scorbutic diseases.

11. Suited to strengthen or assist the healthful functions; as, a little wine is good for a weak stomach.

12. Pleasant to the taste; as a good apple.

My son, eat thou honey, because it is good, and the honeycomb, which is sweet to thy taste. Prov.24.

13. Full; complete.

The protestant subjects of the abbey make up a good third of its people.

14. Useful; valuable; having qualities or a tendency to produce a good effect.

All quality, that is good for any thing,is originally founded on merit.

15. Equal; adequate; competent. His security is good for the amount of the debt; applied to persons able to fulfill contracts.

Antonio is a good man.

16. Favorable; convenient for any purpose; as a good stand for business; a good station for a camp.

17. Convenient; suitable; safe; as a good harbor for ships.

18. Well qualified; able; skillful; or performing duties with skill and fidelity; as a good prince; a good commander; a good officer; a good physician.

19. Ready; dexterous.

Those are generally good at flattering who are good for nothing else.

20. Kind; benevolent; affectionate; as a good father; good will.

21. Kind; affectionate; faithful; as a good friend.

22. Promotive of happiness; pleasant; agreeable; cheering; gratifying.

Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity. Ps.133.

23. Pleasant or prosperous; as, good morrow, Sir; good morning.

24. Honorable; fair; unblemished; unimpeached; as a man of good fame or report.

A good name is better than precious ointment.

Eccles.7.

25. Cheerful; favorable to happiness. Be of good comfort.

26. Great or considerable; not small nor very great; as a good while ago; he is a good way off, or at a good distance; he has a good deal of leisure; I had a good share of the trouble. Here we see the primary sense of extending, advancing.

27. Elegant; polite; as good breeding.

28. Real; serious; not feigned.

Love not in good earnest.

29. Kind; favorable; benevolent; humane.

The men were very good to us. 1 Sam.25.

30. Benevolent; merciful; gracious.

Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are

of a clean heart. Ps.73.

31. Seasonable; commendable; proper.

Why trouble ye the woman, for she hath

wrought a good work on me. Matt.26.

32. Pleasant; cheerful; festive.

We come in a good day. 1 Sam.25.

33. Companionable; social; merry.

It is well known, that Sir Roger had been a good fellow in his youth.

34. Brave; in familiar language. You are a good fellow.

35. In the phrases, the good man, applied to the master of the house,and good woman, applied to the mistress, good sometimes expresses a moderate degree of respect, and sometimes slight contempt. Among the first settlers of New England, it was used as a title instead of Mr.; as Goodman Jones; Goodman Wells.

36. The phrase good will is equivalent to benevolence; but it signifies also an earnest desire, a hearty wish, entire willingness or fervent zeal; as, we entered into the service with a good will; he laid on stripes with a good will.

37. Comely; handsome; well formed; as a good person or shape.

38. Mild; pleasant; expressing benignity or other estimable qualities; as a good countenance.

39. Mild; calm; not irritable or fractious; as a good temper.

40. Kind; friendly; humane; as a good heart or disposition.

Good advice, wise and prudent counsel.

Good heed, great care; due caution.

In good south, in good truth; in reality.

To make good, to perform; to fulfill; as, to make good one's word or promise; that is to make it entire or unbroken.

1. To confirm or establish; to prove; to verify; as, to make good a charge or accusation.

2. To supply deficiency; to make up a defect or loss. I will make good what is wanting.

3. To indemnify; to give an equivalent for damages. If you suffer loss, I will make it good to you.

4. To maintain; to carry into effect; as, to make good a retreat.

To stand good, to be firm or valid. His word or promise stands good.

To think good, to see good, is to be pleased or satisfied; to think to be expedient.

If ye think good, give me my price. Zech.11.

As good as, equally; no better than; the same as. We say, one is as good as dead. Heb.11.

As good as his word, equaling in fulfillment what was promised; performing to the extent.

GOOD, n. That which contributes to diminish or remove pain, or to increase happiness or prosperity; benefit; advantage; opposed to evil or misery. The medicine will do neither good nor harm. It does my heart good to see you so happy.

There are many that say, who will show us any good. Ps.4.

1. Welfare; prosperity; advancement of interest or happiness. He labored for the good of the state.

The good of the whole community can be promoted only by advancing the good of each of the members composing it.

2. Spiritual advantage or improvement; as the good of souls.

3. Earnest; not jest.

The good woman never died after this, till she came to die for good and all.

The phrase, for good and all, signifies, finally; to close the whole business; for the last time.

4. Moral works; actions which are just and in conformity to the moral law or divine precepts.

Depart from evil, and do good. Ps.34.

5. Moral qualities; virtue; righteousness.

I find no good in this man.

6. The best fruits; richness; abundance.

I will give you the good of the land. Gen.45.

GOOD, v.t. To manure. [Not in use.]

GOOD, adv. As good, as well; with equal advantage. Had you not as good go with me? In America we use goods,the Gothic word. Had you not as goods go?

In replies, good signifies well; right; it is satisfactory; I am satisfied. I will be with you to morrow; answer, good, very good. So we use well, from the root of L. valeo, to be strong.

Random Word

pulverize

PUL'VERIZE, v.t. To reduce to fine powder, as by beating, grinding, &c. Friable substances may be pulverized by grinding or beating; but to pulverize malleable bodies, other methods must be pursued.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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