GALL, n. [Gr. probably from its color.]1. In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, a yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil.2. Any thing extremely bitter.3. Rancor; malignity.4. Anger; bitterness of mind.
GALL, n.1 [Sax. gealla; G. galle; D. gal; Dan. galde; Sw. galle; Gr. χολη; probably from its color, Sax. gealew, yelfow. See Yellow and Gold.]
- In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil. – Encyc. Nicholson.
- Any thing extremely bitter. – Dryden.
- Rancor; malignity. – Spenser.
- Anger; bitterness of mind. – Prior.
GALL, n.2 [L. galla; Sax. gealla; Sp. agalla; It. galla.]
A hard round excrescence on the oak tree in certain warm climates, said to be the nest of an insect called cynips. It is formed from the tear issuing from a puncture made by the insect, and gradually increased by accessions of fresh matter, till it forms a covering to the eggs and succeeding insects. Galls are used in making ink; the best are from Aleppo. – Parr.
A wound in the skin by rubbing.
To fret; to be teased. – Shak.
GALL, v.t.1 [Fr. galer, to scratch or rub; gale, scab.]
- To fret and wear away by friction; to excoriate; to hurt or break the skin by rubbing; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse, or a collar his breast.
Tyrant, I well deserve thy galling chain. – Pope.
- To impair; to wear away; as, a stream galls the ground. – Ray.
- To tease; to fret; to vex; to chagrin; as, to be galled by sarcasm.
- To wound; to break the surface of any thing by rubbing; as, to gall a mast or a cable.
- To injure; to harass; to annoy. The troops were galled by the shot of the enemy.
In our wars against the French of old, we used to gall them with our long bows, at a greater distance than they could shoot their arrows. – Addison.
In dyeing, to impregnate with a decoration of gall-nuts. Ure.
- The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in
the gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of the secretion of
the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the mucous membrane of the
excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or
their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and
Diptera which puncture the bark and lay their eggs in the wounds. The
larvae live within the galls. Some galls are due to aphids, mites,
etc. See Gallnut.
impregnate with a decoction of gallnuts.
- To fret and wear
away by friction; to hurt or break the skin of by rubbing; to chafe;
to injure the surface of by attrition; as, a saddle galls the
back of a horse; to gall a mast or a cable.
- To scoff; to
- A wound in the skin made
- The gall bladder.
- To fret; to vex; as, to be galled
- Anything extremely bitter; bitterness;
- To injure; to harass; to annoy; as, the
troops were galled by the shot of the enemy.
- Impudence; brazen assurance.