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Tuesday - February 21, 2017

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [gall]

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gall

GALL, n. [Gr. probably from its color.]

1. In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, a yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil.

2. Any thing extremely bitter.

3. Rancor; malignity.

4. Anger; bitterness of mind.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [gall]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

GALL, n. [Gr. probably from its color.]

1. In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, a yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil.

2. Any thing extremely bitter.

3. Rancor; malignity.

4. Anger; bitterness of mind.

GALL, n.1 [Sax. gealla; G. galle; D. gal; Dan. galde; Sw. galle; Gr. χολη; probably from its color, Sax. gealew, yelfow. See Yellow and Gold.]

  1. In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil. – Encyc. Nicholson.
  2. Any thing extremely bitter. – Dryden.
  3. Rancor; malignity. – Spenser.
  4. Anger; bitterness of mind. – Prior.

GALL, n.2 [L. galla; Sax. gealla; Sp. agalla; It. galla.]

A hard round excrescence on the oak tree in certain warm climates, said to be the nest of an insect called cynips. It is formed from the tear issuing from a puncture made by the insect, and gradually increased by accessions of fresh matter, till it forms a covering to the eggs and succeeding insects. Galls are used in making ink; the best are from Aleppo. – Parr.


GALL, n.3

A wound in the skin by rubbing.


GALL, v.i.

To fret; to be teased. – Shak.


GALL, v.t.1 [Fr. galer, to scratch or rub; gale, scab.]

  1. To fret and wear away by friction; to excoriate; to hurt or break the skin by rubbing; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse, or a collar his breast. Tyrant, I well deserve thy galling chain. – Pope.
  2. To impair; to wear away; as, a stream galls the ground. – Ray.
  3. To tease; to fret; to vex; to chagrin; as, to be galled by sarcasm.
  4. To wound; to break the surface of any thing by rubbing; as, to gall a mast or a cable.
  5. To injure; to harass; to annoy. The troops were galled by the shot of the enemy. In our wars against the French of old, we used to gall them with our long bows, at a greater distance than they could shoot their arrows. – Addison.

GALL, v.t.2

In dyeing, to impregnate with a decoration of gall-nuts. Ure.


Gall
  1. The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in the gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of the secretion of the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the mucous membrane of the gall bladder.
  2. An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls. Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See Gallnut.

    * The galls, or gallnuts, of commerce are produced by insects of the genus Cynips, chiefly on an oak (Quercus infectoria or Lusitanica) of Western Asia and Southern Europe. They contain much tannin, and are used in the manufacture of that article and for making ink and a black dye, as well as in medicine.

    Gall insect (Zoöl.), any insect that produces galls. -- Gall midge (Zoöl.), any small dipterous insect that produces galls. -- Gall oak, the oak (Quercus infectoria) which yields the galls of commerce. -- Gall of glass, the neutral salt skimmed off from the surface of melted crown glass; -- called also glass gall and sandiver. Ure. -- Gall wasp. (Zoöl.) See Gallfly.

  3. To impregnate with a decoction of gallnuts.

    Ure.
  4. To fret and wear away by friction; to hurt or break the skin of by rubbing; to chafe; to injure the surface of by attrition; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse; to gall a mast or a cable.

    I am loth to gall a new-healed wound. Shak.

  5. To scoff; to jeer.

    [R.] Shak.
  6. A wound in the skin made by rubbing.
  7. The gall bladder.
  8. To fret; to vex; as, to be galled by sarcasm.

    They that are most galled with my folly,
    They most must laugh.
    Shak.

  9. Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor.

    He hath . . . compassed me with gall and travail. Lam. iii. 5.

    Comedy diverted without gall. Dryden.

  10. To injure; to harass; to annoy; as, the troops were galled by the shot of the enemy.

    In our wars against the French of old, we used to gall them with our longbows, at a greater distance than they could shoot their arrows. Addison.

  11. Impudence; brazen assurance.

    [Slang]

    Gall bladder (Anat.), the membranous sac, in which the bile, or gall, is stored up, as secreted by the liver; the cholecystis. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus. -- Gall duct, a duct which conveys bile, as the cystic duct, or the hepatic duct. -- Gall sickness, a remitting bilious fever in the Netherlands. Dunglison. -- Gall of the earth (Bot.), an herbaceous composite plant with variously lobed and cleft leaves, usually the Prenanthes serpentaria.

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Gall

GALL, noun [Gr. probably from its color.]

1. In the animal economy, the bile, a bitter, a yellowish green fluid, secreted in the glandular substance of the liver. It is glutinous or imperfectly fluid, like oil.

2. Any thing extremely bitter.

3. Rancor; malignity.

4. Anger; bitterness of mind.

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Word of the Day

power

POW'ER, n. [The Latin has posse, possum, potes, potentia. The primary sense of the verb is to strain, to exert force.]

1. In a philosophical sense, the faculty of doing or performing any thing; the faculty of moving or of producing a change in something; ability or strength. A man raises his hand by his own power, or by power moves another body. The exertion of power proceeds from the will, and in strictness, no being destitute of will or intelligence, can exert power. Power in man is active or speculative. Active power is that which moves the body; speculative power is that by which we see, judge, remember, or in general, by which we think.

Power may exist without exertion. We have power to speak when we are silent.

Power has been distinguished also into active and passive,the power of doing or moving, and the power of receiving impressions or of suffering. In strictness, passive power is an absurdity in terms. To say that gold has a power to be melted,is improper language,yet for want of a more appropriate word, power is often used in a passive sense, and is considered as two-fold; viz.as able to make or able to receive any change.

2. Force; animal strength; as the power of the arm, exerted in lifting, throwing or holding.

3. Force; strength; energy; as the power of the mind, of the imagination, of the fancy. He has not powers of genius adequate to the work.

4. Faculty of the mind, as manifested by a particular mode of operation; as the power of thinking, comparing and judging; the reasoning powers.

5. Ability, natural or moral. We say, a man has the power of doing good; his property gives him the power of relieving the distressed; or he has the power to persuade others to do good; or it is not in his power to pay his debts. The moral power of man is also his power of judging or discerning in moral subjects.

6. In mechanics, that which produces motion or force, or which may be applied to produce it. Thus the inclined plane is called a mechanical power, as it produces motion, although this in reality depends on gravity. The wheel and axle, and the lever, are mechanical powers, as they may be applied to produce force. These powers are also called forces, and they are of two kinds, moving power, and sustaining power.

7. Force. The great power of the screw is of extensive use in compression. The power of steam is immense.

8. That quality in any natural body which produces a change or makes an impression on another body; as the power of medicine; the power of heat; the power of sound.

9. Force; strength; momentum; as the power of the wind, which propels a ship or overturns a building.

10. Influence; that which may move the mind; as the power of arguments or of persuasion.

11. Command; the right of governing, or actual government; dominion; rule, sway; authority. A large portion of Asia is under the power of the Russian emperor. The power of the British monarch is limited by law. The powers of government are legislative, executive, judicial, and ministerial.

Power is no blessing in itself, but when it is employed to protect the innocent.

Under this sense may be comprehended civil, political, ecclesiastical, and military power.

12. A sovereign, whether emperor, king or governing prince or the legislature of a state; as the powers of Europe; the great powers; the smaller powers. In this sense, the state or nation governed seems to be included in the word power. Great Britain is a great naval power.

13. One invested with authority; a ruler; a civil magistrate. Rom.13.

14. Divinity; a celestial or invisible being or agent supposed to have dominion over some part of creation; as celestial powers; the powers of darkness.

15. That which has physical power; an army; a navy; a host; a military force.

Never such a power--

Was levied in the body of a land.

16. Legal authority; warrant; as a power of attorney; an agent invested with ample power. The envoy has full powers to negotiate a treaty.

17. In arithmetic and algebra, the product arising from the multiplication of a number or quantity into itself; as, a cube is the third power; the biquadrate is the fourth power.

18. In Scripture, right; privilege. John 1. 1 Cor.9.

19. Angels, good or bad. Col 1. Eph. 6.

20. Violence, force; compulsion. Ezek. 4.

21. Christ is called the power of God, as through him and his gospel, God displays his power and authority in ransoming and saving sinners. 1 Cor.1.

22. The powers of heaven may denote the celestial luminaries. Matt.24.

23. Satan is said to have the power of death, as he introduced sin, the cause of death, temporal and eternal, and torments men with the feat of death and future misery.

24. In vulgar language, a large quantity; a great number; as a power of good things. [This is, I believe, obsolete, even among our common people.]

Power of attorney, authority given to a person to act for another.

Random Word

far

F'AR, a. [L. porro; Gr. connected with, a way, a passing, to pass or go. See Fare.]

1. Distant, in any direction; separated by a wide space from the place where one is, or from any given place remote.

They said, we are come from a far country. Jos. 9.

The kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country. Matt. 25.

The nation far and near contend in choice.

2. Figuratively, remote from purpose; contrary to design or wishes; as, far be it from me to justify cruelty.

3. Remote in affection or obedience; at enmity with; alienated; in a spiritual sense.

They that are far from thee shall perish. Ps. 123.

4. More or most distant of the two; as the far side of a horse. But the drivers of teams in New England generally use off; as the off side, or off horse or ox.

F'AR, adv.

1. To a great extent or distance of space; as the far extended ocean; we are separated far from each other.

Only ye shall not go very far away. Ex. 8.

2. figuratively, distantly in time from any point; remotely. He pushed his researches very far into antiquity.

3. In interrogatories, to what distance or extent. How far will such reasoning lead us?

4. In great part; as, the day is far spent.

5. In a great proportion; by many degrees; very much.

Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. Prov. 31.

For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ, which is far better. Phil. 1.

6. to a certain point, degree or distance. This argument is sound and logical, as far as it goes.

Answer them how far forth you do like their articles.

From far, from a great distance; from a remote place.

Far from, at a great distance; as far from home; far from hope.

1. Far off, at a great distance.

They tarried in a place that was far off. 2Sam. 15.

2. To a great distance.

Lo then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness. Ps. 105.

3. In a spiritual sense, alienated; at enmity; in a state of ignorance and alienation.

Ye, who were sometime far off, are made nigh by the blood of Christ. Eph. 2.

Far other, very different.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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