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Sunday - March 26, 2017

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [gage]

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gage

GAGE, n.

1. A box or inclosure, made of boards, or with lattice work of wood, wicker or wire, for confining birds or beasts. For the confinement of the more strong and ferocious beasts, a cage is sometimes made of iron.

2. An inclosure made with pallisades for confining wild beasts.

3. A prison for petty criminals.

4. In carpentry, an outer work of timber, inclosing another within it; as the cage of a wind mill or of a stair case.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [gage]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

GAGE, n.

1. A box or inclosure, made of boards, or with lattice work of wood, wicker or wire, for confining birds or beasts. For the confinement of the more strong and ferocious beasts, a cage is sometimes made of iron.

2. An inclosure made with pallisades for confining wild beasts.

3. A prison for petty criminals.

4. In carpentry, an outer work of timber, inclosing another within it; as the cage of a wind mill or of a stair case.

GAGE, n. [Fr. gage, a pledge, whence gager, to pledge; engager, to engage; G. wagen, to wage, to hazard or risk; wage, a balance; D. waagen, to venture, Sw. våga, Eng. to wage. It seems to be allied to wag, weigh. The primary sense is to throw, to lay, or deposit. If the elements are Bg, Wg, the original French orthography was guage.]

  1. A pledge or pawn; something laid down or given as a security for the performance of some act to be done by the person depositing the thing, and which is to be forfeited by non-performance. It is used of a movable thing; not of land or other immovable. There I throw my gage. – Shak.
  2. A challenge to combat; that is, a glove, a cap, a gauntlet, or the like, cast on the ground by the challenger, and taken up by the accepter of the challenge. – Encyc.
  3. A measure, or rule of measuring; a standard. [See Gauge.] – Young.
  4. The number of feet which a ship sinks in the water.
  5. Among letter-founders, a piece of hard wood variously notched, used to adjust the dimensions, slopes, &c. of the various sorts of letters. – Encyc.
  6. An instrument in joinery made to strike a line parallel to the straight side of a board. – Encyc. A sliding-gage, a tool used by mathematical instrument makers for measuring and setting off distances. – Encyc. Sea-gage, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea. – Encyc. Tide-gage, an instrument for determining the highth of the tides. – Encyc. Wind-gage, an instrument for measuring the force of the wind on any given surface. – Encyc. Weather-gage, the windward side of a ship.

GAGE, v.t.

  1. To pledge; to pawn; to give or deposit as a pledge or security for some other act; to wage or wager. [Obs.] – Shak.
  2. To bind by pledge, caution or security; to engage. – Shak.
  3. To measure; to take or ascertain the contents of a vessel, cask or ship; written also gauge.

Gage
  1. A pledge or pawn; something laid down or given as a security for the performance of some act by the person depositing it, and forfeited by nonperformance; security.

    Nor without gages to the needy lend. Sandys.

  2. A variety of plum; as, the greengage; also, the blue gage, frost gage, golden gage, etc., having more or less likeness to the greengage. See Greengage.
  3. To give or deposit as a pledge or security for some act] to wage or wager; to pawn or pledge.

    [Obs.]

    A moiety competent
    Was gaged by our king.
    Shak.

  4. A measure or standard. See Gauge, n.
  5. To measure. See Gauge, v. t.

    You shall not gage me
    By what we do to-night.
    Shak.

  6. A glove, cap, or the like, cast on the ground as a challenge to combat, and to be taken up by the accepter of the challenge; a challenge; a defiance.

    "There I throw my gage." Shak.
  7. To bind by pledge, or security; to engage.

    Great debts
    Wherein my time, sometimes too prodigal,
    Hath left me gaged.
    Shak.

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Gage

GAGE, noun

1. A box or inclosure, made of boards, or with lattice work of wood, wicker or wire, for confining birds or beasts. For the confinement of the more strong and ferocious beasts, a cage is sometimes made of iron.

2. An inclosure made with pallisades for confining wild beasts.

3. A prison for petty criminals.

4. In carpentry, an outer work of timber, inclosing another within it; as the cage of a wind mill or of a stair case.

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