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Friday - December 14, 2018

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [farm]

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farm

F'ARM, n.

1. A tract of land leased on rent reserved; ground let to a tenant on condition of his paying a certain sum annually or otherwise for the use of it. A farm is usually such a portion of land as is cultivated by one man, and includes the buildings and fences. Rents were formerly pain in provisions, or the produce of land; but now they are generally paid in money.

This is the signification of farm in Great Britain, where most of the land is leased to cultivators.

2. In the United States, a portion or tract of land, consisting usually of grass land, meadow, pasture, tillage and woodland, cultivated by one man and usually owned by him in fee. A like tract of land under lease is called a farm; but most cultivators are proprietors of the land, and called farmers.

A tract of new land, covered with forest, if intended to be cultivated by one man as owner, is also called a farm. A man goes into the new States, or into the unsettled country, to buy a farm, that is, land for a farm.

3. The state of land leased on rent reserved; a lease.

It is great wilfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants.

F'ARM, v.t.

1. To lease, as land, on rent reserved; to let to a tenant on condition of paying rent.

We are enforced to farm our royal realm.

[In this sense, I believe, the word is not used in America.]

2. To take at a certain rent or rate. [Not used in America.]

3. To lease or let, as taxes, impost or other duties, at a certain sum or rate per cent. It is customary in many countries for the prince or government to farm the revenues, the taxes or rents, the imposts and excise, to individuals, who are to collect and pay them to the government at a certain percentage or rate per cent.

4. To take or hire for a certain rate per cent.

5. To cultivate land.

To farm let, or let to farm, is to lease on rent.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [farm]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

F'ARM, n.

1. A tract of land leased on rent reserved; ground let to a tenant on condition of his paying a certain sum annually or otherwise for the use of it. A farm is usually such a portion of land as is cultivated by one man, and includes the buildings and fences. Rents were formerly pain in provisions, or the produce of land; but now they are generally paid in money.

This is the signification of farm in Great Britain, where most of the land is leased to cultivators.

2. In the United States, a portion or tract of land, consisting usually of grass land, meadow, pasture, tillage and woodland, cultivated by one man and usually owned by him in fee. A like tract of land under lease is called a farm; but most cultivators are proprietors of the land, and called farmers.

A tract of new land, covered with forest, if intended to be cultivated by one man as owner, is also called a farm. A man goes into the new States, or into the unsettled country, to buy a farm, that is, land for a farm.

3. The state of land leased on rent reserved; a lease.

It is great wilfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants.

F'ARM, v.t.

1. To lease, as land, on rent reserved; to let to a tenant on condition of paying rent.

We are enforced to farm our royal realm.

[In this sense, I believe, the word is not used in America.]

2. To take at a certain rent or rate. [Not used in America.]

3. To lease or let, as taxes, impost or other duties, at a certain sum or rate per cent. It is customary in many countries for the prince or government to farm the revenues, the taxes or rents, the imposts and excise, to individuals, who are to collect and pay them to the government at a certain percentage or rate per cent.

4. To take or hire for a certain rate per cent.

5. To cultivate land.

To farm let, or let to farm, is to lease on rent.

FARM, n. [Sax. farma, fearm, or feorm, food, provisions, board, a meal, a diner or supper, hospitality, substance, goods, use, fruit. Hence, feormian, to supply provisions, to entertain; also, to purge or purify, to expiate, to avail, to profit. Arm. ferm, or feurm; in ancient laws, firma; Fr. ferme, a farm, or letting to farm, whence affermer, to hire or lease. The sense of feorm seems to be corn or provisions, in which formerly rents were paid. The radical sense of feorm, provisions, is probably produce, issues, from one of the verbs in Br; produce and purification both implying separation, a throwing off or out.]

  1. A tract of land leased on rent reserved; ground let to a tenant on condition of his paying a certain sum annually or otherwise for the use of it. A farm is usually such a portion of land as is cultivated by one man, and includes the buildings and fences. Rents were formerly paid in provisions, or the produce of land; but now they are generally paid in money. This is the signification of farm in Great Britain, where most of the land is leased to cultivators.
  2. In the United State, a portion or tract of land, consisting usually of grass land, meadow, pasture, tillage and woodland, cultivated by one man and usually owned by him in fee. A like tract of land under lease is called a farm; but most cultivators are proprietors of the land, and called farmers. A tract of new land, covered with forest, if intended to be cultivated by one man as owner, is also called a farm. A man goes into the new states, or into the unsettled country, to buy a farm, that is, land for a farm.
  3. The state of land leased on rent reserved; a lease. It is great willfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants. Spenser.

FARM, v.t.

  1. To lease, as land, on rent reserved; to let to a tenant on condition of paying rent. We are enforced to farm our royal realm. Shak. [In this sense, I believe, the word is not used in America.]
  2. To take at a certain rent or rate. [Not used in America.]
  3. To lease or let, as taxes, impost or other duties, at a certain sum or rate per cent. It is customary in many countries for the prince or government to farm the revenues, the taxes or rents, the imposts and excise, to individuals, who are to collect and pay them to the government at a certain per centage or rate per cent.
  4. To take or hire for a certain rate per cent.
  5. To cultivate land. To farm let, or let to farm, is to lease on rent.

Farm
  1. The rent of land, -- originally paid by reservation of part of its products.

    [Obs.]
  2. To lease or let for an equivalent, as land for a rent] to yield the use of to proceeds.

    We are enforced to farm our royal realm. Shak.

  3. To engage in the business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer.
  4. The term or tenure of a lease of land for cultivation] a leasehold.

    [Obs.]

    It is great willfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants. Spenser.

  5. To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; as, to farm the taxes.

    To farm their subjects and their duties toward these. Burke.

  6. The land held under lease and by payment of rent for the purpose of cultivation.
  7. To take at a certain rent or rate.
  8. Any tract of land devoted to agricultural purposes, under the management of a tenant or the owner.

    * In English the ideas of a lease, a term, and a rent, continue to be in a great degree inseparable, even from the popular meaning of a farm, as they are entirely so from the legal sense. Burrill.

  9. To devote (land) to agriculture; to cultivate, as land; to till, as a farm.

    To farm let, To let to farm, to lease on rent.

  10. A district of country leased (or farmed) out for the collection of the revenues of government.

    The province was devided into twelve farms. Burke.

  11. A lease of the imposts on particular goods; as, the sugar farm, the silk farm.

    Whereas G. H. held the farm of sugars upon a rent of 10,000 marks per annum. State Trials (1196).

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Farm

F'ARM, noun

1. A tract of land leased on rent reserved; ground let to a tenant on condition of his paying a certain sum annually or otherwise for the use of it. A farm is usually such a portion of land as is cultivated by one man, and includes the buildings and fences. Rents were formerly pain in provisions, or the produce of land; but now they are generally paid in money.

This is the signification of farm in Great Britain, where most of the land is leased to cultivators.

2. In the United States, a portion or tract of land, consisting usually of grass land, meadow, pasture, tillage and woodland, cultivated by one man and usually owned by him in fee. A like tract of land under lease is called a farm; but most cultivators are proprietors of the land, and called farmers.

A tract of new land, covered with forest, if intended to be cultivated by one man as owner, is also called a farm A man goes into the new States, or into the unsettled country, to buy a farm that is, land for a farm

3. The state of land leased on rent reserved; a lease.

It is great wilfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants.

F'ARM, verb transitive

1. To lease, as land, on rent reserved; to let to a tenant on condition of paying rent.

We are enforced to farm our royal realm.

[In this sense, I believe, the word is not used in America.]

2. To take at a certain rent or rate. [Not used in America.]

3. To lease or let, as taxes, impost or other duties, at a certain sum or rate per cent. It is customary in many countries for the prince or government to farm the revenues, the taxes or rents, the imposts and excise, to individuals, who are to collect and pay them to the government at a certain percentage or rate per cent.

4. To take or hire for a certain rate per cent.

5. To cultivate land.

To farm let, or let to farm is to lease on rent.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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contiguousness

CONTIGUOUSNESS, n. A state of contact; close union of surfaces or borders.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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