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Tuesday - December 18, 2018

In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [decay]

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decay

DECA'Y, v.i. [Fr. dechoir, from L. de and cado, to fall, or decedo.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [decay]

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DECA'Y, v.i. [Fr. dechoir, from L. de and cado, to fall, or decedo.]

DE-CAY', n.

  1. Gradual failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or any species of excellence or perfection; decline to a worse or less perfect state; tendency toward dissolution or extinction; a state of depravation or diminution. Old men feel the decay of the body. We perceive the decay of the faculties in age. We lament the decay of virtue and patriotism in the state. The northern nations invaded the Roman Empire, when in a state of decay.
  2. Declension from prosperity; decline of fortune. If thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen into decay. – Lev. xxv.
  3. Cause of decay. [Not usual.] He that plots to be the only figure among ciphers, is the decay of the whole age. – Bacon.

DE-CAY', v.i. [Fr. dechoir, from L. de and cado, to fall, or decedo; It. scadere; Sp. decaer; Fort. descahir.]

  1. To pass gradually from a sound, prosperous, or perfect state, to a less perfect state, or toward destruction; to fail; to decline; to be gradually impaired. Our bodies decay in old age; a tree decays; buildings decay; fortunes decay.
  2. To become weaker; to fail; as, our strength decays, or hopes decay.

DE-CAY', v.t.

To cause to fail; to impair; to bring to a worse state. Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth ever make better the fool. – Shak. [The transitive sense of the verb is now rarely used.]


De*cay"
  1. To pass gradually from a sound, prosperous, or perfect state, to one of imperfection, adversity, or dissolution; to waste away; to decline; to fail; to become weak, corrupt, or disintegrated; to rot; to perish; as, a tree decays; fortunes decay; hopes decay.

    Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
    Where wealth accumulates and men decay.
    Goldsmith.

  2. To cause to decay; to impair.

    [R.]

    Infirmity, that decays the wise. Shak.

  3. Gradual failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or of any species of excellence or perfection; tendency toward dissolution or extinction; corruption; rottenness; decline; deterioration; as, the decay of the body; the decay of virtue; the decay of the Roman empire; a castle in decay.

    Perhaps my God, though he be far before,
    May turn, and take me by the hand, and more -
    May strengthen my decays.
    Herbert.

    His [Johnson's] failure was not to be ascribed to intellectual decay. Macaulay.

    Which has caused the decay of the consonants to follow somewhat different laws. James Byrne.

  4. To destroy.

    [Obs.] Shak.
  5. Destruction; death.

    [Obs.] Spenser.
  6. Cause of decay.

    [R.]

    He that plots to be the only figure among ciphers, is the decay of the whole age. Bacon.

    Syn. -- Decline; consumption. See Decline.

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Decay

DECA'Y, verb intransitive [Fr. dechoir, from Latin de and cado, to fall, or decedo.]

1. To pass gradually from a sound, prosperous, or perfect state, to a less perfect state, or towards destruction; to fail; to decline; to be gradually impaired. Our bodies decay in old age; a tree decays; buildings decay; fortunes decay

2. To become weaker; to fail; as, our strength decays, or hopes decay

DECA'Y, verb transitive To cause to fail; to impair; to bring to a worse state.

Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth ever make better the fool.

DECA'Y, noun

1. Gradual failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or any species of excellence or perfection; decline to a worse or less perfect state; tendency towards dissolution or extinction; a state of depravation or diminution. Old men feel the decay of the body. We perceive the decay of the faculties in age. We lament the decay of virtue and patriotism in the state. The northern nations invaded the Roman Empire, when in a state of decay

2. Declension from prosperity; decline of fortune.

If thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay Leviticus 25:35.

3. Cause of decay

He that plots to be the only figure among ciphers, is the decay of the whole age.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

womanise

WOMANISE, v.t. To make effeminate. [Not used.]

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