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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [deal]

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deal

DEAL, v.t. pret. and pp. dealt, pron. delt.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [deal]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

DEAL, v.t. pret. and pp. dealt, pron. delt.

DEAL, n. [Sax. dæl, dal, gedal; Ir. dal; D. deel; G. theil; Dan. deel; Sw. del; Russ. dolia. See the verb.]

  1. Literally, a division; a part or portion; hence, an indefinite quantity, degree or extent; as, a deal of time and trouble; a deal of cold; a deal of space. Formerly it was limited by some, as some deal; but this is now obsolete or vulgar. In general, we now qualify the word with great, as, a great deal of labor; a great deal of time and pains; a great deal of land. In the phrases, it is a great deal better or worse, the words, great deal, serve as modifiers of the sense of better and worse. The true construction is, it is, by a great deal, better; it is better by a great deal, that is, by a great part or difference.
  2. The division or distribution of cards; the art or practice of dealing cards. The deal, the shuffle, and the cut. – Swift.
  3. The division of a piece of timber made by sawing; a board or plank; a sense much more used in England than in the United States.

DEAL, v.i.

  1. To traffick; to trade; to negotiate. They buy and sell, they deal and traffick. – South.
  2. To act between man and man; to intervene; to transact or negotiate between men. He that deals between man and man, raiseth his own credit with both. – Bacon.
  3. To behave well or ill; to act; to conduct one's self in relation to others. Thou shalt not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lie. – Lev. xix.
  4. To distribute cards. To deal by, to treat, either well or ill; as, to deal well by domestics. Such one deals not fairly by his own mind. – Locke. To deal in, to have to do with; to be engaged in; to practice. They deal in political matters; they deal in low humor. #2. To trade in; as, to deal in silks, or in cutlery. To deal with, to treat in any manner; to use well or ill. Now will we deal worse with thee. – Gen. xix. Return … and I will deal well with thee. – Gen. xxxii. #2. To contend with; to treat with, by way of opposition, check or correction; as, he has turbulent passions to deal with. #3. To treat with by way of discipline, in ecclesiastical affairs; to admonish.

DEAL, v.t. [pret. and pp. dealt, pron. delt. Sax. dælan, bedælan, gedælan; Goth. dailyan; Sw. dela; Dan. deeler; G. theilen; D. deelen; bedeelen; Russ. delyu; W. dydoli, to separate; dy and tawl, separation, a throwing off, tawlu, to throw off, to separate; Ir. and Gael. dailim, to give; dail, a part, Eng. dole; Heb. and Ch. בדל to separate or divide; Ar. بَدَلَ‎‎ badala, to exchange, or give in exchange; بَذَلَ badhala, to give, to yield. Qu. W. gozoli, to endow. There is a remarkable coincidence between the Shemitic word and the Sax. and Dutch, bedælan, bedeelen. The Welsh tawlu gives the true original sense.]

  1. To divide; to part; to separate: hence, to divide in portions; to distribute; often followed by out. Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry. – Is. lviii. And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold. – Tickel.
  2. To scatter; to throw about; as, to deal out feathered deaths. – Dryden.
  3. To throw out in succession; to give one after another; as, to deal out blows.
  4. To distribute the cards of a pack to the players.

Deal
  1. A part or portion; a share; hence, an indefinite quantity, degree, or extent, degree, or extent; as, a deal of time and trouble; a deal of cold.

    Three tenth deals [parts of an ephah] of flour. Num. xv. 9.

    As an object of science it [the Celtic genius] may count for a good deal . . . as a spiritual power. M. Arnold.

    She was resolved to be a good deal more circumspect. W. Black.

    * It was formerly limited by some, every, never a, a thousand, etc.; as, some deal; but these are now obsolete or vulgar. In general, we now qualify the word with great or good, and often use it adverbially, by being understood; as, a great deal of time and pains; a great (or good) deal better or worse; that is, better by a great deal, or by a great part or difference.

  2. To divide; to separate in portions; hence, to give in portions; to distribute; to bestow successively; -- sometimes with out.

    Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry? Is. lviii. 7.

    And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold. Tickell.

    The nightly mallet deals resounding blows. Gay.

    Hissing through the skies, the feathery deaths were dealt. Dryden.

  3. To make distribution; to share out in portions, as cards to the players.
  4. The process of dealing cards to the players; also, the portion disturbed.

    The deal, the shuffle, and the cut. Swift.

  5. Specifically: To distribute, as cards, to the players at the commencement of a game; as, to deal the cards; to deal one a jack.
  6. To do a distributing or retailing business, as distinguished from that of a manufacturer or producer; to traffic; to trade; to do business; as, he deals in flour.

    They buy and sell, they deal and traffic. South.

    This is to drive to wholesale trade, when all other petty merchants deal but for parcels. Dr. H. More.

  7. Distribution; apportionment.

    [Colloq.]
  8. To act as an intermediary in business or any affairs; to manage; to make arrangements; -- followed by between or with.

    Sometimes he that deals between man and man, raiseth his own credit with both, by pretending greater interest than he hath in either. Bacon.

  9. An arrangement to attain a desired result by a combination of interested parties; -- applied to stock speculations and political bargains.

    [Slang]
  10. To conduct one's self; to behave or act in any affair or towards any one; to treat.

    If he will deal clearly and impartially, . . . he will acknowledge all this to be true. Tillotson.

  11. The division of a piece of timber made by sawing; a board or plank; particularly, a board or plank of fir or pine above seven inches in width, and exceeding six feet in length. If narrower than this, it is called a batten; if shorter, a deal end.

    * Whole deal is a general term for planking one and one half inches thick.

  12. To contend (with); to treat (with), by way of opposition, check, or correction; as, he has turbulent passions to deal with.

    To deal by, to treat, either well or ill; as, to deal well by servants. "Such an one deals not fairly by his own mind." Locke. -- To deal in. (a) To have to do with; to be engaged in; to practice; as, they deal in political matters. (b) To buy and sell; to furnish, as a retailer or wholesaler; as, they deal in fish. -- To deal with. (a) To treat in any manner; to use, whether well or ill; to have to do with; specifically, to trade with. "Dealing with witches." Shak. (b) To reprove solemnly; to expostulate with.

    The deacons of his church, who, to use their own phrase, "dealt with him" on the sin of rejecting the aid which Providence so manifestly held out. Hawthorne.

    Return . . . and I will deal well with thee. Gen. xxxii. 9.

  13. Wood of the pine or fir; as, a floor of deal.

    Deal tree, a fir tree. Dr. Prior.

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Deal

DEAL, verb transitive preterit tense and participle passive dealt, pronoun delt.

1. To divide; to part; to separate; hence, to divide in portions; to distribute; often followed by out.

Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry? Isaiah 1:8.

And Rome deals out her blessing and her gold.

2. To scatter; to throw about; as, to deal out feathered deaths.

3. To throw out in succession; to give one after another; as, to deal out blows.

4. To distribute the cards of a pack to the players.

DEAL, verb intransitive

1. To traffick; to trade; to negotiate.

They buy and sell, they deal and traffick.

2. To act between man and man; to intervene; to transact or negotiate between men.

He that deals between man and man, raiseth his own credit with both.

3. To behave well or ill; to act; to conduct one's self in relation to others.

Thou shalt not steal, nor deal falsely, not lie. Leviticus 19:11.

4. To distribute cards.

To deal by, to treat, either well or ill; as, to deal well by domestics.

Such an one deals not fairly by his own mind.

To deal in, to have to do with ; to be engaged in; to practice.

They deal in political matters; they deal in low humor.

2. To trade in; as, to deal in silks, or in cutlery.

To deal with, to treat in any manner; to use well or ill.

Now we will deal worse with thee. Genesis 19:9.

Return-and I will deal well with thee. Genesis 32:9.

3. To contend with; to treat with, by way of opposition, check or correction; as, he has turbulent passions to deal with.

4. To treat with by way of discipline, in ecclesiastical affairs; to admonish.

DEAL, n,

1. Literally, a division; a part or portion; hence, an indefinite quantity, degree or extent; as a deal of time and trouble; a deal of cold; a deal of space. Formerly it was limited by some, as some deal; but this is now obsolete or vulgar. In general, we now qualify the word with great, as a great deal of labor; a great deal of time and pains; a great deal of land. In the phrases, it is a great deal better or worse, the words, great deal serve as modifiers of the sense of better and worse. The true construction is, it is, by a great deal better; it is better by a great deal that is, by a great part or difference.

2. The division or distribution of cards; the art or practice of dealing cards.

The deal the shuffle, and the cut.

3. The division of a piece of timber made by sawing; a board or plank; a sense much more used in England than in the U. States.

Why 1828?

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Words, and their meanings, are important. The 1828 definitions are from their original sources. They have been searched out with the intention of true understanding. They are explained in relationship with God's word. Also, see "education."

— Janet (Punta Gorda, FL)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

critique

CRITIQUE, CRITIC, n.

1. A critical examination of the merits of a performance; remarks or animadversions on beauties and faults.

Addison wrote a critique on PARADISE LOST.

2. Science of criticism; standard or rules of judging of the merit of performances.

If ideas and words were distinctly weighed, and duly considered, they would afford us another sort of logic and critic.

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