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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [cumber]

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cumber

CUMBER, v.t. [G., to arrest, to concern, to trouble, to grieve.]

1. To load; to crowd.

A variety of frivolous arguments cumbers the memory to no purpose.

2. To check, stop or retard, as by a load or weight; to make motion difficult; to obstruct.

Why asks he what avails him not in fight, and would but cumber and retard his flight.

3. To perplex or embarrass; to distract or trouble.

Martha was cumbered about much serving. Luke 10.

4. To trouble; to be troublesome to; to cause trouble or obstruction in, as any thing useless. Thus, brambles cumber a garden or field. [See Encumber, which is more generally used.]

CUMBER, n. Hindrance; obstruction; burdensomeness; embarrassment; disturbance; distress.

Thus fade thy helps, and thus thy cumbers spring. [This word is now scarcely used.]



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [cumber]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

CUMBER, v.t. [G., to arrest, to concern, to trouble, to grieve.]

1. To load; to crowd.

A variety of frivolous arguments cumbers the memory to no purpose.

2. To check, stop or retard, as by a load or weight; to make motion difficult; to obstruct.

Why asks he what avails him not in fight, and would but cumber and retard his flight.

3. To perplex or embarrass; to distract or trouble.

Martha was cumbered about much serving. Luke 10.

4. To trouble; to be troublesome to; to cause trouble or obstruction in, as any thing useless. Thus, brambles cumber a garden or field. [See Encumber, which is more generally used.]

CUMBER, n. Hindrance; obstruction; burdensomeness; embarrassment; disturbance; distress.

Thus fade thy helps, and thus thy cumbers spring. [This word is now scarcely used.]

CUM'BER, n.

Hinderance; obstruction; burdensomeness; embarrassment; disturbance; distress. Thus fade thy helps, and thus thy cumbers spring. – Spenser. [This word is now scarcely used.]


CUM'BER, v.t. [Dan. kummer, distress, incumbranee, grief; D. kommeren; G. kümmern, to arrest, to concern, to trouble, to grieve; Fr. encombrer, to encumber.]

  1. To load, or crowd. A variety of frivolous arguments cumbers the memory to no purpose. – Locke.
  2. To check, stop or retard, as by a load or weight; to make motion difficult; to obstruct. Why asks he what avails him not in fight, / And would but cumber and retard his flight. – Dryden.
  3. To perplex or embarrass; to distract or trouble. Martha was cumbered about much serving. – Luke x.
  4. To trouble; to be troublesome to; to cause trouble or obstruction in, as any thing useless. Thus, brambles cumber a garden or field. [See Encumber, which is more generally used.]

Cum"ber
  1. To rest upon as a troublesome or useless weight or load; to be burdensome or oppressive to; to hinder or embarrass in attaining an object, to obstruct or occupy uselessly; to embarrass; to trouble.

    Why asks he what avails him not in fight,
    And would but cumber and retard his flight?
    Dryden.

    Martha was cumbered about much serving.
    Luke x. 40.

    Cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
    Luke xiii. 7.

    The multiplying variety of arguments, especially frivolous ones, . . . but cumbers the memory.
    Locke.

  2. Trouble; embarrassment; distress.

    [Obs.] [Written also comber.]

    A place of much distraction and cumber.
    Sir H. Wotton.

    Sage counsel in cumber.
    Sir W. Scott.

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Cumber

CUMBER, verb transitive [G., to arrest, to concern, to trouble, to grieve.]

1. To load; to crowd.

A variety of frivolous arguments cumbers the memory to no purpose.

2. To check, stop or retard, as by a load or weight; to make motion difficult; to obstruct.

Why asks he what avails him not in fight, and would but cumber and retard his flight.

3. To perplex or embarrass; to distract or trouble.

Martha was cumbered about much serving. Luke 10:40.

4. To trouble; to be troublesome to; to cause trouble or obstruction in, as any thing useless. Thus, brambles cumber a garden or field. [See Encumber, which is more generally used.]

CUMBER, noun Hindrance; obstruction; burdensomeness; embarrassment; disturbance; distress.

Thus fade thy helps, and thus thy cumbers spring. [This word is now scarcely used.]

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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