CICUTA, n. Water-hemlock, a plant whose root is poisonous. This term was used by the ancients and by medical writers for the Conium maculatum, or common hemlock, the expressed juice of which was used as a common poison. Socrates and Phocion perished by it. It is now used medicinally in moderate doses, with good effect.
CI-CU'TA, n. [L. cicuta; W. cegid; Fr. cigue; Arm. chagud. The Welsh is from ceg, a choking.]
A genus of plants containing three species, one European and two American. The European species is called popularly water hemlock. The name Cicuta is sometimes applied to Conium maculatum, or officinal hemlock. It was likewise one of the ancient names of a poison, now unknown, which was used in the execution of criminals.
- a genus of poisonous umbelliferous
plants, of which the water hemlock or cowbane is best