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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
- Preface

1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [chap]

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chap

CHAP, v.t. To cleave, split, crack, or open longitudinally, as the surface of the earth, or the skin and flesh of the hand. Dry weather chaps the earth; cold dry winds chap the hands.

CHAP, v.i. To crack; to open in long slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.

CHAP, n. A longitudinal cleft, gap or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the hands or feet.

CHAP, n. The upper and lower part of the mouth; the jaw. It is applied to beasts, and vulgarly to men; generally in the plural, the chaps or mouth.

CHAP, v.i. To cheapen.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [chap]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

CHAP, v.t. To cleave, split, crack, or open longitudinally, as the surface of the earth, or the skin and flesh of the hand. Dry weather chaps the earth; cold dry winds chap the hands.

CHAP, v.i. To crack; to open in long slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.

CHAP, n. A longitudinal cleft, gap or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the hands or feet.

CHAP, n. The upper and lower part of the mouth; the jaw. It is applied to beasts, and vulgarly to men; generally in the plural, the chaps or mouth.

CHAP, v.i. To cheapen.


CHAP, n.2 [Sax. ceafl, a beak, or chap; plur. ceaflas, the chaps.]

The upper and lower part of the mouth; the jaw. It is applied to beasts, and vulgarly to men; generally in the plural, the chaps or mouth.


CHAP, n.3

A man or a boy; a youth. It is used also in the sense of a buyer. “If you want to sell, here is your chap.” In this sense it coincides with chapman. [See Cheap.] – Steele.


CHAP, v.i.1

To crack; to open in long slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.


CHAP, v.i.2 [Sax. ceapian.]

To cheapen. [Not used.]


CHAP, v.t. [Ar. جَبَّ jabba, to cut off or out, to castrate; جَابَ jauba, to split, rend, tear, or cleave, to cut. It seems to be allied to the G. and D. kappen, Dan. kapper, Fr. couper; but these agree better with Ar. كَبَعَ or كَيَفَ kafa or kaifa, to cut. See Chop and Gape. Chap is sometimes pronounced chop.]

To cleave, split, crack, or open longitudinally, as the surface of the earth, or the skin and flesh of the hand. Dry weather chaps the earth; cold dry winds chap the hands.


CHAP, n.1

A longitudinal cleft, gap or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the hands or feet.


Chap
  1. To cause to open in slits or chinks] to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.

    Then would unbalanced heat licentious reign,
    Crack the dry hill, and chap the russet plain.
    Blackmore.

    Nor winter's blast chap her fair face.
    Lyly.

  2. To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.
  3. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
  4. One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.

    His chaps were all besmeared with crimson blood.
    Cowley.

    He unseamed him [Macdonald] from the nave to the chaps.
    Shak.

  5. A buyer; a chapman.

    [Obs.]

    If you want to sell, here is your chap.
    Steele.

  6. To bargain; to buy.

    [Obs.]
  7. To strike; to beat.

    [Scot.]
  8. To strike; to knock; to rap.

    [Scot.]
  9. A division] a breach, as in a party.

    [Obs.]

    Many clefts and chaps in our council board.
    T. Fuller.

  10. One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.
  11. A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.

    [Colloq.]
  12. A blow; a rap.

    [Scot.]
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Chap

CHAP, verb transitive To cleave, split, crack, or open longitudinally, as the surface of the earth, or the skin and flesh of the hand. Dry weather chaps the earth; cold dry winds chap the hands.

CHAP, verb intransitive To crack; to open in long slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap

CHAP, noun A longitudinal cleft, gap or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the hands or feet.

CHAP, noun The upper and lower part of the mouth; the jaw. It is applied to beasts, and vulgarly to men; generally in the plural, the chaps or mouth.

CHAP, verb intransitive To cheapen.

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because of it's biblical references

— Dan (Aurora, CO)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

conciliator

CONCILIATOR, n. One who conciliates or reconciles.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies.

No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. The American Dictionary of the English Language is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. This standard reference tool will greatly assist students of all ages in their studies. From American History to literature, from science to the Word of God, this dictionary is a necessity. For homeschoolers as well as avid Bible students it is easy, fast, and sophisticated.


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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary

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