CALK, v.t. cauk.1. To drive oakum or old ropes untwised, into the seams of a ship or other vessel, to prevent their leaking, or admitting water. After the seams are filled, they are covered with hot melted pitch or rosin, to keep the oakum from rotting.2. In some parts of America, to set upon a horse or ox shoes armed with sharp points of iron, to prevent their slipping on ice; that is, to stop from slipping.
CALK, n. Cauk. In New-England, a sharp pointed piece of iron on a shoe for a horse or an ox, called in Great Britain calking; used to prevent the animal from slipping.
CALK, n. [cauk.]
In New-England, a sharp pointed piece of iron on a shoe for a horse or an ox, called in Great Britain calkin; used to prevent the animal from slipping.
CALK, v.t. [cauk; Qu. the connection of this word with the Sp. calafetear; It. calafatare; Port. calafetar; Arm. calefeti; Fr. calfeter, to smear with cement or mortar; Ar. قَلَفَ kalafa, to stop the seams of ships with fine moss, &c., and pay them over with pitch; Sam. id. It may be corrupted from this word; if not, it may be from the Dan. kalk, calx, lime or mortar; but this seems not probable. The Germans and Danes have borrowed the Spanish and French word to express the idea. Skinner deduces the word from Fr. calage, tow.]
- To drive oakum or old ropes untwisted, into the seams of a ship or other vessel, to prevent their leaking or admitting water. After the seams are filled they are covered with hot melted pitch or resin, to keep the oakum from rotting.
- In some parts of America, to set upon a horse or ox, shoes armed with sharp points of iron, to prevent their slipping on ice; that is, to stop from slipping.
- To drive tarred oakum into the seams
between the planks of (a ship, boat, etc.), to prevent leaking.
The calking is completed by smearing the seams with melted
- To copy, as a drawing, by rubbing the
back of it with red or black chalk, and then passing a blunt
style or needle over the lines, so as to leave a tracing on the
paper or other thing against which it is laid or held.
- A sharp-pointed
piece of iron or steel projecting downward on the shoe of a horse
or an ox, to prevent the animal from slipping; -- called also
- To furnish with calks, to prevent
slipping on ice; as, to calk the shoes of a horse or an
- To make an indentation in the edge of
a metal plate, as along a seam in a steam boiler or an iron ship,
to force the edge of the upper plate hard against the lower and
so fill the crevice.
- An instrument with sharp points, worn
on the sole of a shoe or boot, to prevent slipping.
- To wound with a calk; as when a horse
injures a leg or a foot with a calk on one of the other