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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [burden]

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burden

BURD'EN, n. burd'n; written also burthen. [L. fero,or porto.]

1. That which is borne or carried; a load. Hence,

2. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome or oppressive.

3. A birth.

4. The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each verse; the chorus; so called from the application of this word to the drone or base, and the pipe or string which plays it, in an instrument. A chord which is to be divided, to perform the intervals of music,when open and undivided, is also called the burden.

5. In common language, that which is often repeated; a subject on which one dwells.

6. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.

7. The contents of a ship; the quantity or number of tons, a vessel will carry; as a ship of a hundred tons burden.

8. A club. [Not in use.]

BURD'EN, v.t. burd'n. To load; to lay on a heavy load; to incumber with weight. Hence,

1. To oppress with any thing grievous; as, to burden a nation with taxes.

2. To surcharge; as, to burden the memory.



Evolution (or devolution) of this word [burden]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

BURD'EN, n. burd'n; written also burthen. [L. fero,or porto.]

1. That which is borne or carried; a load. Hence,

2. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome or oppressive.

3. A birth.

4. The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each verse; the chorus; so called from the application of this word to the drone or base, and the pipe or string which plays it, in an instrument. A chord which is to be divided, to perform the intervals of music,when open and undivided, is also called the burden.

5. In common language, that which is often repeated; a subject on which one dwells.

6. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.

7. The contents of a ship; the quantity or number of tons, a vessel will carry; as a ship of a hundred tons burden.

8. A club. [Not in use.]

BURD'EN, v.t. burd'n. To load; to lay on a heavy load; to incumber with weight. Hence,

1. To oppress with any thing grievous; as, to burden a nation with taxes.

2. To surcharge; as, to burden the memory.

BURD'EN, n. [burd'n.; written also burthen. Sax. byrden, byrthen; Sw. börda; Dan. byrde; G. bürde; Ir. beart or beirt; Gr. φορτος; Fr. fardeau; Arm. fard; from bear; L. fero or porto; Pers. بُرْدَنْ burdan, to carry. See Bear.]

  1. That which is borne or carried; a load. Hence,
  2. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome or oppressive. – Milton.
  3. A birth. – Shak.
  4. [Fr. bourdon, a drone.] The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each verse; the chorus; so called from the application of this word to the drone or base, and the pipe or string which plays it, in an instrument. A chord which is to be divided, to perform the intervals of music, when open and undivided, is also called the burden. – Encyc.
  5. In common language, that which is often repeated; a subject on which one dwells.
  6. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as, a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.
  7. The contents of a ship; the quantity or number of tuns a vessel will carry; as, a ship of a hundred tuns burden.
  8. A club. [Not in use.] – Spenser.

BURD'EN, v.t. [burd'n.]

  1. To load; to lay on a heavy load; to incumber with weight. Hence,
  2. To oppress with any thing grievous; as, to burden a nation with taxes.
  3. To surcharge; as, to burden the memory.

Bur"den
  1. That which is borne or carried; a load.

    Plants with goodly burden bowing.
    Shak.

  2. To encumber with weight (literal or figurative); to lay a heavy load upon; to load.

    I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened.
    2 Cor. viii. 13.

  3. The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each stanza; the chorus; refrain. Hence: That which is often repeated or which is dwelt upon; the main topic; as, the burden of a prayer.

    I would sing my song without a burden.
    Shak.

  4. A club.

    [Obs.] Spenser.
  5. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.

    Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone,
    To all my friends a burden grown.
    Swift.

  6. To oppress with anything grievous or trying; to overload; as, to burden a nation with taxes.

    My burdened heart would break.
    Shak.

  7. The drone of a bagpipe.

    Ruddiman.
  8. The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry; as, a ship of a hundred tons burden.
  9. To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).

    [R.]

    It is absurd to burden this act on Cromwell.
    Coleridge.

    Syn. -- To load; encumber; overload; oppress.

  10. The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
  11. The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.

    Raymond.
  12. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as, a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.
  13. A birth.

    [Obs. *** R.] Shak.

    Beast of burden, an animal employed in carrying burdens. -- Burden of proof [L. onus probandi] (Law), the duty of proving a particular position in a court of law, a failure in the performance of which duty calls for judgment against the party on whom the duty is imposed.

    Syn. -- Burden, Load. A burden is, in the literal sense, a weight to be borne] a load is something laid upon us to be carried. Hence, when used figuratively, there is usually a difference between the two words. Our burdens may be of such a nature that we feel bound to bear them cheerfully or without complaint. They may arise from the nature of our situation; they may be allotments of Providence; they may be the consequences of our errors. What is upon us, as a load, we commonly carry with greater reluctance or sense of oppression. Men often find the charge of their own families to be a burden; but if to this be added a load of care for others, the pressure is usually serve and irksome.

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Burden

BURD'EN, noun burd'n; written also burthen. [Latin fero, or porto.]

1. That which is borne or carried; a load. Hence,

2. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome or oppressive.

3. A birth.

4. The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each verse; the chorus; so called from the application of this word to the drone or base, and the pipe or string which plays it, in an instrument. A chord which is to be divided, to perform the intervals of music, when open and undivided, is also called the burden

5. In common language, that which is often repeated; a subject on which one dwells.

6. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.

7. The contents of a ship; the quantity or number of tons, a vessel will carry; as a ship of a hundred tons burden

8. A club. [Not in use.]

BURD'EN, verb transitive burd'n. To load; to lay on a heavy load; to incumber with weight. Hence,

1. To oppress with any thing grievous; as, to burden a nation with taxes.

2. To surcharge; as, to burden the memory.

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Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

apostrophy

APOS'TROPHY, n. [Gr. from and a turning.]

1. In rhetoric, a diversion of speech; a digressive address; a changing the course of a speech, and addressing a person who is dead or absent, as if present; or a short address introduced into a discourse, directed to some person, different from the party to which the main discourse is directed; as when an advocate, in an argument to the jury, turns and addresses a few remarks to the court.

2. In grammar, the contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by a comma, as call'd for called. The comma used for this purpose may also be called an apostrophe.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

First dictionary of the American Language!

Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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