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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [bed]

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bed

BED, n. [The sense is a lay or spread, from laying or setting.]

1. A place or an article of furniture to sleep and take rest on; in modern times, and among civilized men, a sack or tick filled with feathers or wool; but a bed may be made of straw or any other materials. The word bed includes often the bedstead.

2. Lodging; a convenient place for sleep.

3. Marriage; matrimonial connection.

George, the eldest son of his second bed.

4. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.

5. The channel of a river,or that part in which the water usually flows.

6. Any hollow place, especially in the arts; a hollow place, in which any thing rests; as the bed of a mortar.

7. A layer; a stratum; an extended mass of any thing, whether upon the earth or within it; as a bed of sulphur; a bed of sand or clay.

8. Pain, torment. Rev.2. The grave. Is.57. The lawful use of wedlock. Heb.13.

The bed of the carriage of a gun is a thick plank which lies under the piece, being, as it were, the body of the carriage.

The bed of a mortar is a solid piece of oak, hollow in the middle, to receive the britch and half the trunnions.

In masonry, bed is a range of stones, and the joint of the bed is the mortar between two stones placed over each other.

Bed of justice, in France, was a throne on which the king was seated when he went to parliament. Hence the phrase, to hold a bed of justice.

To make a bed, is to put it in order after it has been used.

To bring to bed, to deliver of a child, is rarely used. But in the passive form, to be brought to bed, that is, to be delivered of a child, is common. It is often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son.

To put to bed, in midwifery, is to deliver of a child.

Dining bed, or discubitory bed, among the ancients, a bed on which persons lay at meals. It was four or five feet high, and would hold three or four persons. Three of these beds were ranged by a square table, one side of the table being left open, and accessible to the waiters. Hence the Latin name for the table and the room, triclinium, or three beds.

From bed and board. In law, a separation of man and wife,without dissolving the bands of matrimony, is called a separation from bed and board, a mensa et thoro. In this case the wife has a suitable maintenance allotted to her out of the husband's estate, called alimony.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [bed]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

BED, n. [The sense is a lay or spread, from laying or setting.]

1. A place or an article of furniture to sleep and take rest on; in modern times, and among civilized men, a sack or tick filled with feathers or wool; but a bed may be made of straw or any other materials. The word bed includes often the bedstead.

2. Lodging; a convenient place for sleep.

3. Marriage; matrimonial connection.

George, the eldest son of his second bed.

4. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.

5. The channel of a river,or that part in which the water usually flows.

6. Any hollow place, especially in the arts; a hollow place, in which any thing rests; as the bed of a mortar.

7. A layer; a stratum; an extended mass of any thing, whether upon the earth or within it; as a bed of sulphur; a bed of sand or clay.

8. Pain, torment. Rev.2. The grave. Is.57. The lawful use of wedlock. Heb.13.

The bed of the carriage of a gun is a thick plank which lies under the piece, being, as it were, the body of the carriage.

The bed of a mortar is a solid piece of oak, hollow in the middle, to receive the britch and half the trunnions.

In masonry, bed is a range of stones, and the joint of the bed is the mortar between two stones placed over each other.

Bed of justice, in France, was a throne on which the king was seated when he went to parliament. Hence the phrase, to hold a bed of justice.

To make a bed, is to put it in order after it has been used.

To bring to bed, to deliver of a child, is rarely used. But in the passive form, to be brought to bed, that is, to be delivered of a child, is common. It is often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son.

To put to bed, in midwifery, is to deliver of a child.

Dining bed, or discubitory bed, among the ancients, a bed on which persons lay at meals. It was four or five feet high, and would hold three or four persons. Three of these beds were ranged by a square table, one side of the table being left open, and accessible to the waiters. Hence the Latin name for the table and the room, triclinium, or three beds.

From bed and board. In law, a separation of man and wife,without dissolving the bands of matrimony, is called a separation from bed and board, a mensa et thoro. In this case the wife has a suitable maintenance allotted to her out of the husband's estate, called alimony.


BED, n. [Sax. bed; D. bed; G. bett or beet; Goth. badi. The sense is a lay or spread, from laying or setting.]

  1. A place or an article of furniture to sleep and take rest on; in modern times, and among civilized men, a sack or tick filled with feathers or wool; but a bed may be made of straw or any other materials. The word bed includes often the bedstead.
  2. Lodging; a convenient place for sleep.
  3. Marriage; matrimonial connection. George, the eldest son of his second bed. – Clarendon.
  4. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground. – Bacon.
  5. The channel of a river, or that part in which the water usually flows. – Milton.
  6. Any hollow place, especially in the arts; a hollow place in which any thing rests; as, the bed of a mortar.
  7. A layer; a stratum; an extended mass of any thing, whether upon the earth or within it; as, a bed of sulphur; a bed of sand or clay.
  8. Pain, torment. Rev. ii The grave. Is. lvii. The lawful use of wedlock. – Heb. xiii. The bed of the carriage of a gun, is a thick plank which lies under the piece, being, as it were the body of the carriage. The bed of a mortar is a solid piece of oak, hollow in the middle, to receive the breech and half the trunnions. In masonry, bed is a range of stones, and the joint of the bed is the mortar between the two stones placed over each other. – Encyc. Bed of justice, in France, was a throne on which the king was seated when he went to parliament. Hence the phrase, to hold a bed of justice. To make a bed, is to put it in order after it has been used. To bring to bed, to deliver of a child, is rarely used. But in the passive form, to be brought to bed, that is, to be delivered of a child, is common. It is often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son. To put to bed, in midwifery, is to deliver of a child. Dining bed, or discubitory bed, among the ancients, a bed on which persons lay at meals. It was four or five feet high, and would hold three or four persons. Three of these beds were ranged by a square table, one side of the table being left open, and accessible to the waiters. Hence the Latin name for the table and the room, triclinium, or three beds. – Encyc. From board and bed. In law, a separation of man and wife, without dissolving the bands of matrimony, is called a separation from board and bed, a mensa et toro. In this case the wife has a suitable maintenance allotted to her out of the husband's estate, called alimony. – Blackstone.

BED, v.i.

To cohabit; to use the same bed. If he be married and bed with his wife. – Wiseman.


BED, v.t.

  1. To place in a bed. – Bacon.
  2. To go to bed with. [Unusual.] – Shak.
  3. To make partaker of the bed. – Bacon.
  4. To plant and inclose or cover; to set or lay and inclose; as, to bed the roots of a plant in soft mold.
  5. To lay in any hollow place, surrounded or inclosed; as, to bed a stone.
  6. To lay in a place of rest or security, covered, surrounded or inclosed; as, a fish bedded in sand, or under a bank.
  7. To lay in a stratum; to stratify; to lay in order, or flat; as, bedded clay, bedded hairs. – Shak.

Bed
  1. An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.

    And made for him [a horse] a leafy bed.
    Byron.

    I wash, wring, brew, bake, . . . make the beds.
    Shak.

    In bed he slept not for my urging it.
    Shak.

  2. To place in a bed.

    [Obs.] Bacon.
  3. To go to bed; to cohabit.

    If he be married, and bed with his wife.
    Wiseman.

  4. (Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.

    George, the eldest son of his second bed.
    Clarendon.

  5. To make partaker of one's bed] to cohabit with.

    I'll to the Tuscan wars, and never bed her.
    Shak.

  6. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.

    "Beds of hyacinth and roses." Milton.
  7. To furnish with a bed or bedding.
  8. A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals.
  9. To plant or arrange in beds; to set, or cover, as in a bed of soft earth; as, to bed the roots of a plant in mold.
  10. The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as, the bed of a river.

    So sinks the daystar in the ocean bed.
    Milton.

  11. To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or inclosed; to embed; to furnish with or place upon a bed or foundation; as, to bed a stone; it was bedded on a rock.

    Among all chains or clusters of mountains where large bodies of still water are bedded.
    Wordsworth.

  12. A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.
  13. To dress or prepare the surface of stone) so as to serve as a bed.
  14. See Gun carriage, and Mortar bed.
  15. To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position.

    "Bedded hair." Shak.
  16. The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the upper and lower beds.

    (b)
  17. The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid or supported; as, the bed of an engine.
  18. The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.
  19. The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.

    * Bed is much used adjectively or in combination; as, bed key or bedkey; bed wrench or bedwrench; bedchamber; bedmaker, etc.

    Bed of justice (French Hist.), the throne (F. lit bed) occupied by the king when sitting in one of his parliaments (judicial courts); hence, a session of a refractory parliament, at which the king was present for the purpose of causing his decrees to be registered. -- To be brought to bed, to be delivered of a child; -- often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son. -- To make a bed, to prepare a bed; to arrange or put in order a bed and its bedding. -- From bed and board (Law), a phrase applied to a separation by partial divorce of man and wife, without dissolving the bonds of matrimony. If such a divorce (now commonly called a judicial separation) be granted at the instance of the wife, she may have alimony.

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Bed

BED, noun [The sense is a lay or spread, from laying or setting.]

1. A place or an article of furniture to sleep and take rest on; in modern times, and among civilized men, a sack or tick filled with feathers or wool; but a bed may be made of straw or any other materials. The word bed includes often the bedstead.

2. Lodging; a convenient place for sleep.

3. Marriage; matrimonial connection.

George, the eldest son of his second bed

4. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.

5. The channel of a river, or that part in which the water usually flows.

6. Any hollow place, especially in the arts; a hollow place, in which any thing rests; as the bed of a mortar.

7. A layer; a stratum; an extended mass of any thing, whether upon the earth or within it; as a bed of sulphur; a bed of sand or clay.

8. Pain, torment. Revelation 2:22. The grave. Isaiah 57:7. The lawful use of wedlock. Hebrews 13:4.

The bed of the carriage of a gun is a thick plank which lies under the piece, being, as it were, the body of the carriage.

The bed of a mortar is a solid piece of oak, hollow in the middle, to receive the britch and half the trunnions.

In masonry, bed is a range of stones, and the joint of the bed is the mortar between two stones placed over each other.

BED of justice, in France, was a throne on which the king was seated when he went to parliament. Hence the phrase, to hold a bed of justice.

To make a bed is to put it in order after it has been used.

To bring to bed to deliver of a child, is rarely used. But in the passive form, to be brought to bed that is, to be delivered of a child, is common. It is often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son.

To put to bed in midwifery, is to deliver of a child.

Dining bed or discubitory bed among the ancients, a bed on which persons lay at meals. It was four or five feet high, and would hold three or four persons. Three of these beds were ranged by a square table, one side of the table being left open, and accessible to the waiters. Hence the Latin name for the table and the room, triclinium, or three beds.

From bed and board. In law, a separation of man and wife, without dissolving the bands of matrimony, is called a separation from bed and board, a mensa et thoro. In this case the wife has a suitable maintenance allotted to her out of the husband's estate, called alimony.

BED, verb transitive To place in a bed

1. To go to bed with. [Unusual.]

2. To make partaker of the bed

3. To plant and inclose or cover; to set or lay and inclose; as, to bed the roots of a plant in soft mold.

4. To lay in any hollow place, surrounded or inclosed; as to bed a stone.

5. To lay in a place of rest or security, covered, surrounded or inclosed; as a fish bedded in sand, or under a bank.

6. To lay in a stratum; to stratify; to lay in order or flat; as bedded clay, bedded hairs

BED, verb transitive To cohabit; to use the same bed

If he be married and bed with his wife.

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importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

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