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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [beat]

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beat

BEAT, v.t. pret. beat; pp. beat, beaten. [L. batuo. See Abate.]

1. To strike repeatedly; to lay on repeated blows, with a stick, with the hand or fist, or with any instrument, and for any cause,just or unjust, or for punishment. Luke 12. Deut.25.

2. To strike an instrument of music; to play on, as a drum.

3. To break, bruise,comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding, as pepper or spices. Ex.30.

4. To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable substance; or to hammer into any form; to forge. Ex.39.

5. To strike bushes, to shake by beating, or to make a noise to rouse game.

6. To thresh; to force out corn from the husk by blows.

7. To break, mix or agitate by beating; as, to beat an egg with any other thing.

8. To dash or strike, as water; to strike or brush, as wind.

9. To tread, as a path.

10. To overcome in a battle, contest or strife; to vanquish or conquer; as, one beats another at play.

Phrrhus beat the Carthaginians at sea.

11. To harass; to exercise severely; to overlabor; as, to beat the brains about logic.

To beat down, to break, destroy, throw down, by beating or battering, as a wall.

Also, to press down or lay flat, as by treading, by a current of water, by violent wind, &c.

Also, to lower the price by importunity or argument.

Also, to depress or crush; as, to bet down opposition.

Also, to sink or lessen the price or value.

Usury beats down the price of land.

To beat back, to compel to retire or return.

To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition of instruction.

To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters.

To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation.

To beat off, to repel or drive back.

To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot.

To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot.

In the manerge, a horse beats the dust, when at each motion he does not take in ground enough with his fore legs; and at curvets, when he does them too precipitately, or too low. He beats upon a walk, when he walks too short.

To beat out, to extend by hammering. In popular use, to be beat out, is to be extremely fatigued; to have the strength exhausted by labor or exertion.

BEAT, v.i. To more with pulsation, as the pulse beats; or to throb, as the heart beats.

1. To dash with force, as a storm, flood, passion, &c.; as, the tempest beats against the house.

2. To knock at a door. Judges 19.

3. To fluctuate; to be in agitation.

To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways.

To beat upon, to act upon with violence.

Also, to speak frequently; to enforce by repetition.

To beat up for soldiers,is to go about to enlist men into the army.

In seamanship, to beat, is to make progress against the direction of the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.

With hunters, a stag beats up and down, when he runs first one way and then another.

BEAT, n. A stroke; a striking; a blow, whether with the hand, or with a weapon.

1. A pulsation; as the beat of the pulse.

2. The rise or fall of the hand or foot, in regulating the divisions of time in music.

3. A transient grace-note in music, struck immediately before the note it is intended to ornament.

In the military art, the beat of drum, is a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes; as to regulate a march to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack or retreat, &c.

The beat of a watch or clock, is the stroke made by the fangs or pallets of the spindle of the balance, or of the pads in a royal pendulum.

BEAT




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [beat]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

BEAT, v.t. pret. beat; pp. beat, beaten. [L. batuo. See Abate.]

1. To strike repeatedly; to lay on repeated blows, with a stick, with the hand or fist, or with any instrument, and for any cause,just or unjust, or for punishment. Luke 12. Deut.25.

2. To strike an instrument of music; to play on, as a drum.

3. To break, bruise,comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding, as pepper or spices. Ex.30.

4. To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable substance; or to hammer into any form; to forge. Ex.39.

5. To strike bushes, to shake by beating, or to make a noise to rouse game.

6. To thresh; to force out corn from the husk by blows.

7. To break, mix or agitate by beating; as, to beat an egg with any other thing.

8. To dash or strike, as water; to strike or brush, as wind.

9. To tread, as a path.

10. To overcome in a battle, contest or strife; to vanquish or conquer; as, one beats another at play.

Phrrhus beat the Carthaginians at sea.

11. To harass; to exercise severely; to overlabor; as, to beat the brains about logic.

To beat down, to break, destroy, throw down, by beating or battering, as a wall.

Also, to press down or lay flat, as by treading, by a current of water, by violent wind, &c.

Also, to lower the price by importunity or argument.

Also, to depress or crush; as, to bet down opposition.

Also, to sink or lessen the price or value.

Usury beats down the price of land.

To beat back, to compel to retire or return.

To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition of instruction.

To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters.

To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation.

To beat off, to repel or drive back.

To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot.

To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot.

In the manerge, a horse beats the dust, when at each motion he does not take in ground enough with his fore legs; and at curvets, when he does them too precipitately, or too low. He beats upon a walk, when he walks too short.

To beat out, to extend by hammering. In popular use, to be beat out, is to be extremely fatigued; to have the strength exhausted by labor or exertion.

BEAT, v.i. To more with pulsation, as the pulse beats; or to throb, as the heart beats.

1. To dash with force, as a storm, flood, passion, &c.; as, the tempest beats against the house.

2. To knock at a door. Judges 19.

3. To fluctuate; to be in agitation.

To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways.

To beat upon, to act upon with violence.

Also, to speak frequently; to enforce by repetition.

To beat up for soldiers,is to go about to enlist men into the army.

In seamanship, to beat, is to make progress against the direction of the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.

With hunters, a stag beats up and down, when he runs first one way and then another.

BEAT, n. A stroke; a striking; a blow, whether with the hand, or with a weapon.

1. A pulsation; as the beat of the pulse.

2. The rise or fall of the hand or foot, in regulating the divisions of time in music.

3. A transient grace-note in music, struck immediately before the note it is intended to ornament.

In the military art, the beat of drum, is a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes; as to regulate a march to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack or retreat, &c.

The beat of a watch or clock, is the stroke made by the fangs or pallets of the spindle of the balance, or of the pads in a royal pendulum.

BEAT


BEAT, n.

  1. A stroke; a striking; a blow, whether with the hand, or with a weapon.
  2. A pulsation; as the beat of the pulse.
  3. The rise or fall of the hand or foot, in regulating the divisions of time in music.
  4. A transient grace-note in music, struck immediately before the note it is intended to ornament. – Busby. In the military art, the beat of drum, is a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes; as to regulate a march, to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack or retreat, &c. The beat of a watch or clock, is the stroke made by the fangs or pallets of the spindle of the balance, or of the pads in a royal pendulum. – Encyc.

BEAT, v.i.

  1. To move with pulsation, as the pulse beats; or to throb, as the heart beats.
  2. To dash with force, as a storm, flood, passion, &c.; as, the tempest beats against the house.
  3. To knock at a door. – Judges xix.
  4. To fluctuate; to be in agitation. – Shak. To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways. – Addison. To beat upon, to act upon with violence. – Jonah. Also, to speak frequently; to enforce by repetition. – Hooker. To beat up for soldiers, is to go about to enlist men into the army. In seamanship, to beat, is to make progress against the direction of the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse. – Mar. Dict. With hunters, a stag beats up and down, when he runs first one way and then another. – Encyc.

BEAT, v.t. [pret. beat; pp. beat, beaten. Sax. beatan, gebeotan, to beat; gebeaten, beaten; W. bæzu; Fr. battre, or batre; Sp. batir; Port. bater; It. battere; L. batuo; Russ. botayu; Ar. خَبَطَ gabata, and كَبَتَ kabata; Heb. Ch. Syr. חבט, habat. Perhaps, Hindoo, pata; to kill; Burman, potai, id.; as we say, to smite and to slay. Hence, the oirpata, man-killers, in Herodotus. Class Bd, Nos. 20, 23, 33. See Abate.]

  1. To strike repeatedly; to lay on repeated blows with a stick, with the hand or fist, or with any instrument, and for any cause, just or unjust, or for punishment. – Luke xii. Deut xxv.
  2. To strike an instrument of music; to play on, as a drum. – Shak.
  3. To break, bruise, comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding, as pepper or spices. – Ex. xxx.
  4. To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable substance; or to hammer into any form; to forge. – Ex. xxxix.
  5. To strike bushes; to shake by beating, or to make a noise to rouse game. – Prior.
  6. To thresh; to force out corn from the husk by blows. – Ruth.
  7. To break, mix or agitate by beating; as, to beat an egg with any other thing. – Boyle.
  8. To dash or strike, as water; to strike or brush, as wind. – Milton.
  9. To tread, as a path. – Blackmore.
  10. To overcome in a battle, contest or strife; to vanquish or conquer; as, one beats another at play. Pyrrhus beat the Carthaginians at sea. – Arbuthnot.
  11. To harass; to exercise severely; to over-labor as, to beat the brains about logic. – Hakewill. To beat down, to break, destroy, throw down, by beating or battering, as a wall. Also, to press down or lay flat, as by treading, by a current of water, by violent wind, &c. – Shak. Also, to lower the price by importunity or argument. Also, to depress or crush; as, to beat down opposition. Also, to sink or lessen the price or value. Usury beats down the price of land. – Bacon. To beat back, to compel to retire or return. To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition of instruction. To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters. To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation. To beat off, to repel or drive back. To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot. To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot. In the manege, a horse beats the dust, when at each motion he does not take in ground enough with his fore legs; and at curvets, when he does them too precipitately, or too low. He beats upon a walk, when he walks too short. – Encyc. To beat out, to extend by hammering. In popular use, to be beat out, is to be extremely fatigued; to have the strength exhausted by labor or exertion.

Beat
  1. To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat one's breast; to beat iron so as to shape it; to beat grain, in order to force out the seeds; to beat eggs and sugar; to beat a drum.

    Thou shalt beat some of it [spices] very small.
    Ex. xxx. 36.

    They did beat the gold into thin plates.
    Ex. xxxix. 3.

  2. To strike repeatedly; to inflict repeated blows; to knock vigorously or loudly.

    The men of the city . . . beat at the door.
    Judges. xix. 22.

  3. A stroke; a blow.

    He, with a careless beat,
    Struck out the mute creation at a heat.
    Dryden.

  4. Weary; tired; fatigued; exhausted.

    [Colloq.]

    Quite beat, and very much vexed and disappointed.
    Dickens.

  5. One that beats, or surpasses, another or others; as, the beat of him.

    [Colloq.]
  6. To punish by blows; to thrash.
  7. To move with pulsation or throbbing.

    A thousand hearts beat happily.
    Byron.

  8. A recurring stroke; a throb; a pulsation; as, a beat of the heart; the beat of the pulse.
  9. The act of one that beats a person or thing

    ; as: (a) (Newspaper Cant)
  10. To scour or range over in hunting, accompanied with the noise made by striking bushes, etc., for the purpose of rousing game.

    To beat the woods, and rouse the bounding prey.
    Prior.

  11. To come or act with violence; to dash or fall with force; to strike anything, as rain, wind, and waves do.

    Sees rolling tempests vainly beat below.
    Dryden.

    They [winds] beat at the crazy casement.
    Longfellow.

    The sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die.
    Jonah iv. 8.

    Public envy seemeth to beat chiefly upon ministers.
    Bacon.

  12. The rise or fall of the hand or foot, marking the divisions of time; a division of the measure so marked. In the rhythm of music the beat is the unit.

    (b)
  13. To dash against, or strike, as with water or wind.

    A frozen continent . . . beat with perpetual storms.
    Milton.

  14. To be in agitation or doubt.

    [Poetic]

    To still my beating mind.
    Shak.

  15. A sudden swelling or reë]nforcement of a sound, recurring at regular intervals, and produced by the interference of sound waves of slightly different periods of vibrations; applied also, by analogy, to other kinds of wave motions; the pulsation or throbbing produced by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in unison. See Beat, v. i., 8.
  16. To tread, as a path.

    Pass awful gulfs, and beat my painful way.
    Blackmore.

  17. To make progress against the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.
  18. A round or course which is frequently gone over; as, a watchman's beat.
  19. To overcome in a battle, contest, strife, race, game, etc.; to vanquish or conquer; to surpass.

    He beat them in a bloody battle.
    Prescott.

    For loveliness, it would be hard to beat that.
    M. Arnold.

  20. To make a sound when struck; as, the drums beat.
  21. A place of habitual or frequent resort.
  22. To cheat; to chouse; to swindle; to defraud; -- often with out.

    [Colloq.]
  23. To make a succession of strokes on a drum; as, the drummers beat to call soldiers to their quarters.
  24. A cheat or swindler of the lowest grade; -- often emphasized by dead; as, a dead beat.

    [Low]

    Beat of drum (Mil.), a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes, as to regulate a march, to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack, or retreat, etc. -- Beat of a watch, or clock, the stroke or sound made by the action of the escapement. A clock is in beat or out of beat, according as the stroke is at equal or unequal intervals.

  25. To exercise severely; to perplex; to trouble.

    Why should any one . . . beat his head about the Latin grammar who does not intend to be a critic?
    Locke.

  26. To sound with more or less rapid alternations of greater and less intensity, so as to produce a pulsating effect] -- said of instruments, tones, or vibrations, not perfectly in unison.

    A beating wind (Naut.), a wind which necessitates tacking in order to make progress. -- To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways. Addison. -- To beat about the bush, to approach a subject circuitously. -- To beat up and down (Hunting), to run first one way and then another; -- said of a stag. -- To beat up for recruits, to go diligently about in order to get helpers or participators in an enterprise.

  27. To give the signal for, by beat of drum; to sound by beat of drum; as, to beat an alarm, a charge, a parley, a retreat; to beat the general, the reveille, the tattoo. See Alarm, Charge, Parley, etc.

    To beat down, to haggle with (any one) to secure a lower price; to force down. [Colloq.] -- To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition. -- To beat off, to repel or drive back. -- To beat out, to extend by hammering. -- To beat out of a thing, to cause to relinquish it, or give it up. "Nor can anything beat their posterity out of it to this day." South. -- To beat the dust. (Man.) (a) To take in too little ground with the fore legs, as a horse. (b) To perform curvets too precipitately or too low. -- To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot. -- To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation. -- To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot. -- To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters.

    Syn. -- To strike; pound; bang; buffet; maul; drub; thump; baste; thwack; thrash; pommel; cudgel; belabor; conquer; defeat; vanquish; overcome.

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Beat

BEAT, verb transitive preterit tense beat; participle passive beat beaten. [Latin batuo. See Abate.]

1. To strike repeatedly; to lay on repeated blows, with a stick, with the hand or fist, or with any instrument, and for any cause, just or unjust, or for punishment. Luke 12:45. Deuteronomy 25:3.

2. To strike an instrument of music; to play on, as a drum.

3. To break, bruise, comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding, as pepper or spices. Exodus 30:36.

4. To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable substance; or to hammer into any form; to forge. Exodus 39:3.

5. To strike bushes, to shake by beating, or to make a noise to rouse game.

6. To thresh; to force out corn from the husk by blows.

7. To break, mix or agitate by beating; as, to beat an egg with any other thing.

8. To dash or strike, as water; to strike or brush, as wind.

9. To tread, as a path.

10. To overcome in a battle, contest or strife; to vanquish or conquer; as, one beats another at play.

Phrrhus beat the Carthaginians at sea.

11. To harass; to exercise severely; to overlabor; as, to beat the brains about logic.

To beat down, to break, destroy, throw down, by beating or battering, as a wall.

Also, to press down or lay flat, as by treading, by a current of water, by violent wind, etc.

Also, to lower the price by importunity or argument.

Also, to depress or crush; as, to bet down opposition.

Also, to sink or lessen the price or value.

Usury beats down the price of land.

To beat back, to compel to retire or return.

To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition of instruction.

To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters.

To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation.

To beat off, to repel or drive back.

To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot.

To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot.

In the manerge, a horse beats the dust, when at each motion he does not take in ground enough with his fore legs; and at curvets, when he does them too precipitately, or too low. He beats upon a walk, when he walks too short.

To beat out, to extend by hammering. In popular use, to be beat out, is to be extremely fatigued; to have the strength exhausted by labor or exertion.

BEAT, verb intransitive To more with pulsation, as the pulse beats; or to throb, as the heart beats.

1. To dash with force, as a storm, flood, passion, etc.; as, the tempest beats against the house.

2. To knock at a door. Judges 19:22.

3. To fluctuate; to be in agitation.

To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways.

To beat upon, to act upon with violence.

Also, to speak frequently; to enforce by repetition.

To beat up for soldiers, is to go about to enlist men into the army.

In seamanship, to beat is to make progress against the direction of the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.

With hunters, a stag beats up and down, when he runs first one way and then another.

BEAT, noun A stroke; a striking; a blow, whether with the hand, or with a weapon.

1. A pulsation; as the beat of the pulse.

2. The rise or fall of the hand or foot, in regulating the divisions of time in music.

3. A transient grace-note in music, struck immediately before the note it is intended to ornament.

In the military art, the beat of drum, is a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes; as to regulate a march to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack or retreat, etc.

The beat of a watch or clock, is the stroke made by the fangs or pallets of the spindle of the balance, or of the pads in a royal pendulum.

BEAT

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