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In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed... No truth is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people.
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1828 Noah Webster Dictionary
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1828.mshaffer.comWord [bankrupt]

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bankrupt

BANK'RUPT, n. [Eng.rout,defeat. This

may signify bench-broken, or bank-broken; most probably the latter, referring to the fund or stock. The last syllable is the Latin ruptus contracted; Norm.roupt,rous,broken.]

1. A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors.

2. In a less technical sense, a trader who fails or becomes unable to pay his just debts; an insolvent trader. In strictness, no person but a trader can be a bankrupt. Bankruptcy is applied to merchants and traders; insolvency, to other persons.

BANK'RUPT, a. Having committed acts of bankruptcy; unable to pay just debts; insolvent.

BANK'RUPT, v.t. To break one in trade; to make insolvent.




Evolution (or devolution) of this word [bankrupt]

1828 Webster1844 Webster1913 Webster

BANK'RUPT, n. [Eng.rout,defeat. This

may signify bench-broken, or bank-broken; most probably the latter, referring to the fund or stock. The last syllable is the Latin ruptus contracted; Norm.roupt,rous,broken.]

1. A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors.

2. In a less technical sense, a trader who fails or becomes unable to pay his just debts; an insolvent trader. In strictness, no person but a trader can be a bankrupt. Bankruptcy is applied to merchants and traders; insolvency, to other persons.

BANK'RUPT, a. Having committed acts of bankruptcy; unable to pay just debts; insolvent.

BANK'RUPT, v.t. To break one in trade; to make insolvent.


BANK'RUPT, a.

Having committed acts of bankruptcy; unable to pay just debts; insolvent.


BANK'RUPT, n. [Fr. banqueroute; Sp. bancarrota, bankruptcy, bank and Sp. and Port. roto, It. rotto, broken; Eng. rout, defeat. This may signify bench-broken, or bank-broken; most probably the latter, referring to the fund or stock. The last syllable is the Latin ruptus contracted; Norm. roupt, rous, broken.]

  1. A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors. – Blackstone.
  2. In a less technical sense, a trader who fails or becomes unable to pay his just debts; an insolvent trader. In strictness, no person but a trader can be a bankrupt. Bankruptcy is applied to merchants and traders; insolvency, to other persons.

BANK'RUPT, v.t.

To break one in trade; to make insolvent.


Bank"rupt
  1. A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors.

    Blackstone.
  2. Being a bankrupt or in a condition of bankruptcy; unable to pay, or legally discharged from paying, one's debts; as, a bankrupt merchant.
  3. To make bankrupt] to bring financial ruin upon; to impoverish.
  4. A trader who becomes unable to pay his debts; an insolvent trader; popularly, any person who is unable to pay his debts; an insolvent person.

    M(?)Culloch.
  5. Depleted of money; not having the means of meeting pecuniary liabilities; as, a bankrupt treasury.
  6. A person who, in accordance with the terms of a law relating to bankruptcy, has been judicially declared to be unable to meet his liabilities.

    * In England, until the year 1861 none but a "trader" could be made a bankrupt; a non-trader failing to meet his liabilities being an "insolvent". But this distinction was abolished by the Bankruptcy Act of 1861. The laws of 1841 and 1867 of the United States relating to bankruptcy applied this designation bankrupt to others besides those engaged in trade.

  7. Relating to bankrupts and bankruptcy.
  8. Destitute of, or wholly wanting (something once possessed, or something one should possess).

    "Bankrupt in gratitude." Sheridan.

    Bankrupt law, a law by which the property of a person who is unable or unwilling to pay his debts may be taken and distributed to his creditors, and by which a person who has made a full surrender of his property, and is free from fraud, may be discharged from the legal obligation of his debts. See Insolvent, a.

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Bankrupt

BANK'RUPT, noun [Eng.rout, defeat. This

may signify bench-broken, or bank-broken; most probably the latter, referring to the fund or stock. The last syllable is the Latin ruptus contracted; Norm.roupt, rous, broken.]

1. A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors.

2. In a less technical sense, a trader who fails or becomes unable to pay his just debts; an insolvent trader. In strictness, no person but a trader can be a bankrupt Bankruptcy is applied to merchants and traders; insolvency, to other persons.

BANK'RUPT, adjective Having committed acts of bankruptcy; unable to pay just debts; insolvent.

BANK'RUPT, verb transitive To break one in trade; to make insolvent.

Why 1828?

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Researching vocabulary of 19 century literature, especially Christian Science.

— Michael (Pownal, ME)

Word of the Day

importance

IMPORT'ANCE, n.

1. Weight; consequence; a bearing on some interest; that quality of any thing by which it may affect a measure, interest or result. The education of youth is of great importance to a free government. A religious education is of infinite importance to every human being.

2. Weight or consequence in the scale of being.

Thy own importance know.

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

3. Weight or consequence in self-estimation.

He believes himself a man of importance.

4. Thing implied; matter; subject; importunity. [In these senses, obsolete.]

Random Word

circumgyre

CIRCUMGYRE, v.t. To roll or turn round.

Noah's 1828 Dictionary

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Noah Webster, the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading. This master linguist understood the power of words, their definitions, and the need for precise word usage in communication to maintain independence. Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions.

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