ABSTRACT', v.t. [L. abstraho, to draw from or separate; from abs and traho, which is the Eng. draw. See Draw.]1. To draw from, or to separate; as to abstract an action from its evil effects; to abstract spirit from any substance by distillation; but in this sense extract is now more generally used.2. To separate ideas by the operation of the mind; to consider one part of a complex object, or to have a partial idea of it in the mind.3. To select or separate the substance of a book or writing; to epitomize or reduce to a summary.4. In chimistry, to separate, as the more volatile parts of a substance by repeated distillation, or at least by distillation.
AB'STRACT, a. [L. abstractus.]
- Separate; distinct from something else. An abstract idea, in metaphysics, is an idea separated from a complex object, or from other ideas which naturally accompany it; as the solidity of marble contemplated apart from its color or figure. – Encyc.
Abstract terms are those which express abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without regarding any subject in which they exist; or abstract terms are the names of orders, genera, or species of things, in which there is a combination of similar qualities. – Stewart.
Abstract numbers are numbers used without application to things, as 6, 8, 10: but when applied to any thing, as 6 feet, 10 men, they become concrete.
Abstract or pure mathematics, is that which treats of magnitude or quantity, without restriction to any species of particular magnitude, as arithmetic and geometry; opposed to which is mixed mathematics, which treats of simple properties, and the relations of quantity, as applied to sensible objects, as hydrostatics, navigation, optics, &c. – Encyc.
- Separate, existing in the mind only; as an abstract subject; an abstract question; and hence, difficult, abstruse.
- A summary, or epitome, containing the substance, a general view, or the principal heads of a treatise or writing. – Watts.
- Formerly, an extract, or a smaller quantity, containing the essence of a larger.
In the abstract, in a state of separation, as a subject considered in the abstract, i. e. without reference to particular persons or things.
AB-STRACT', v.t. [L. abstraho, to draw from or separate; from abs and traho, which is the Eng. draw. See Draw.]
- To draw from, or to separate; as, to abstract an action from its evil effects; to abstract spirit from any substance by distillation; but in this sense extract is now more generally used.
- To separate ideas by the operation of the mind; to consider one part of a complex object, or to have a partial idea of it in the mind. – Horne.
- To select or separate the substance of a book or writing; to epitomize or reduce to a summary. – Watts.
- In chimistry, to separate, as the more volatile parts of a substance by repented distillation, or at least by distillation.
- Withdraw; separate.
- To withdraw] to separate; to take
- To perform the process
- That which comprises or
concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of
several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or
book, or of a statement; a brief.
- Considered apart from any application to a
particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as,
abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse;
- To draw off in respect to interest or attention;
as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.
- A state of separation from other things; as, to
consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated
- Expressing a
particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties
which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an
- To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the
mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or
- An abstract term.
- Abstracted; absent in mind.
- To epitomize; to abridge.
- A powdered solid extract of a
vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one
part of the abstract represents two parts of the original
- To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as,
to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.
- To separate, as the more volatile
or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical
processes. In this sense extract is now more generally